The Double
                    A Petersburg Poem

                  by Fyodor Dostoevsky

             Translated by Constance Garnett

Chapter I

It was a little before eight o'clock in the morning when
Yakov Petrovitch Golyadkin, a titular councillor, woke up
from a long sleep.  He yawned, stretched, and at last opened
his eyes completely.  For two minutes, however, he lay in his
bed without moving, as though he were not yet quite certain
whether he were awake or still asleep, whether all that was
going on around him were real and actual, or the continuation
of his confused dreams.  Very soon, however, Mr.
Golyadkin's senses began more clearly and more distinctly to
receive their habitual and everyday impressions.  The dirty
green, smoke-begrimed, dusty walls of his little room, with
the mahogany chest of drawers and chairs, the table painted
red, the sofa covered with American leather of a reddish
colour with little green flowers on it, and the clothes taken
off in haste overnight and flung in a crumpled heap on the
sofa, looked at him familiarly.  At last the damp autumn day,
muggy and dirty, peeped into the room through the dingy
window pane with such a hostile, sour grimace that Mr.
Golyadkin could not possibly doubt that he was not in the
land of Nod, but in the city of Petersburg, in his own flat on
the fourth storey of a huge block of buildings in
Shestilavotchny Street.  When he had made this important
discovery Mr. Golyadkin nervously closed his eyes, as
though regretting his dream and wanting to go back to it for
a moment.  But a minute later he leapt out of bed at one
bound, probably all at once, grasping the idea about which
his scattered and wandering thoughts had been revolving. 
From his bed he ran straight to a little round looking-glass
that stood on his chest of drawers.  Though the sleepy,
short-sighted countenance and rather bald head reflected in
the looking-glass were of such an insignificant type that at
first sight they would certainly not have attracted particular
attention in any one, yet the owner of the countenance was
satisfied with all that he saw in the looking-glass.  "What a
thing it would be," said Mr. Golyadkin in an undertone,
"what a thing it would be if I were not up to the mark today,
if something were amiss, if some intrusive pimple had made
its appearance, or anything else unpleasant had happened; so
far, however, there's nothing wrong, so far everything's all
    Greatly relieved that everything was all right, Mr
Golyadkin put the looking-glass back in its place and,
although he had nothing on his feet and was still in the attire
in which he was accustomed to go to bed, he ran to the little
window and with great interest began looking for something
in the courtyard, upon which the windows of his flat looked
out.  Apparently what he was looking for in the yard quite
satisfied him too; his face beamed with a self-satisfied smile. 
Then, after first peeping, however, behind the partition into
his valet Petrushka's little room and making sure that
Petrushka was not there, he went on tiptoe to the table,
opened the drawer in it and, fumbling in the furthest corner
of it, he took from under old yellow papers and all sorts of
rubbish a shabby green pocket-book, opened it cautiously,
and with care and relish peeped into the furthest and most
hidden fold of it.  Probably the roll of green, grey, blue, red
and particoloured notes looked at Golyadkin, too, with
approval: with a radiant face he laid the open pocket-book
before him and rubber his hands vigorously in token of the
greatest satisfaction.  Finally, he took it out - his comforting
roll of notes - and, for the hundredth time since the previous
day, counted them over, carefully smoothing out every note
between his forefinger and his thumb.
    "Seven hundred and fifty roubles in notes," he concluded
at last, in a half-whisper.  "Seven hundred and fifty roubles,
a noteworthy sum!  It's an agreeable sum," he went on, in a
voice weak and trembling with gratification, as he pinched
the roll with his fingers and smiled significantly; "it's a very
agreeable sum!  A sum agreeable to any one!  I should like
to see the man to whom that would be a trivial sum!  There's
no knowing what a man might not do with a sum like that. .
. . What's the meaning of it, though?" thought Mr.
Golyadkin; "where's Petrushka?"  And still in the same attire
he peeped behind the partition again.  Again there was no
sign of Petrushka; and the samovar standing on the floor was
beside itself, fuming and raging in solitude, threatening every
minute to boil over, hissing and lisping in its mysterious
language, to Mr. Golyadkin something like, "Take me, good
people, I'm boiling and perfectly ready."
    "Damn the fellow," thought Mr. Golyadkin.  "That lazy
brute might really drive a man out of all patience; where's he
dawdling now?"
    In just indignation he went out into the hall, which
consisted of a little corridor at the end of which was a door
into the entry, and saw his servant surrounded by a
good-sized group of lackeys of all sorts, a mixed rabble from
outside as well as from the flats of the house.  Petrushka was
telling something, the others were listening.  Apparently the
subject of the conversation, or the conversation itself, did not
please Mr. Golyadkin.  He promptly called Petrushka and
returned to his room, displeased and even upset.  "That beast
would sell a man for a halfpenny, and his master before any
one," he thought to himself: "and he has sold me, he certainly
has.  I bet he has sold me for a farthing.  Well?"
    "They've brought the livery, sir."
    "Put it on, and come here."
    When he had put on his livery, Petrushka, with a stupid
smile on his face, went in to his master.  His costume was
incredibly strange.  He had on a much-worn green livery,
with frayed gold braid on it, apparently made for a man a
yard taller than Petrushka.  In his hand he had a hat trimmed
with the same gold braid and with a feather in it, and at his
hip hung a footman's sword in a leather sheath.  Finally, to
complete the picture, Petrushka, who always liked to be in
neglig, was barefooted.  Mr. Golyadkin looked at Petrushka
from all sides and was apparently satisfied.  The livery had
evidently been hired for some solemn occasion.  It might be
observed, too, that during his master's inspection Petrushka
watched him with strange expectance and with marked
curiosity followed every movement he made, which
extremely embarrassed Mr. Golyadkin.
    "Well, and how about the carriage?"
    "The carriage is here too."
    "For the whole day?"
    "For the whole day.  Twenty five roubles."
    "And have the boots been sent?"
    "Dolt!  can't even say, 'yes, sir.'  Bring them here."
    Expressing his satisfaction that the boots fitted, Mr.
Golyadkin asked for his tea, and for water to wash and shave. 
He shaved with great care and washed as scrupulously,
hurriedly sipped his tea and proceeded to the principal final
process of attiring himself: he put on an almost new pair of
trousers; then a shirtfront with brass studs, and a very bright
and agreeably flowered waistcoat; about his neck he tied a
gay, particoloured cravat, and finally drew on his coat, which
was also newish and carefully brushed.  As he dressed, he
more than once looked lovingly at his boots, lifted up first
one leg and then the other, admired their shape, kept
muttering something to himself, and from time to time made
expressive grimaces.  Mr. Golyadkin was, however,
extremely absent-minded that morning, for he scarcely
noticed the little smiles and grimaces made at his expanse by
Petrushka, who was helping him dress.  At last, having
arranged everything properly and having finished dressing,
Mr. Golyadkin put his pocket-book in his pocket, took a final
admiring look at Petrushka, who had put on his boots and
was therefore also quite ready, and, noticing that everything
was done and that there was nothing left to wait for, he ran
hurriedly and fussily out on to the stairs, with a slight
throbbing at his heart.  the light-blue hired carriage with a
crest on it rolled noisily up to the steps.  Petrushka, winking
to the driver and some of the gaping crowd, helped his
master into the carriage; and hardly able to suppress an
idiotic laugh, shouted in an unnatural voice: "Off!" jumped
up on the footboard, and the whole turnout, clattering and
rumbling noisily, rolled into the Nevsky Prospect.  As soon
as the light-blue carriage dashed out of the gate, Mr.
Golyadkin rubbed his hands convulsively and went off into
a slow, noiseless chuckle, like a jubilant man who has
succeeded in bringing off a splendid performance and is as
pleased as Punch with the performance himself.  Immediately
after his access of gaiety, however, laughter was replaced by
a strange and anxious expression on the face of Mr.
Golyadkin.  Though the weather was damp and muggy, he let
down both windows of the carriage and began carefully
scrutinizing the passers-by to left and to right, at once
assuming a decorous and sedate air when he thought any one
was looking at him.  At the turning from Liteyny Street into
the Nevsky Prospect he was startled by a most unpleasant
sensation and, frowning like some poor wretch whose corn
has been accidentally trodden on, he huddled with almost
panic-stricken hast into the darkest corner of his carriage.
    He had seen two of his colleagues, two young clerks
serving in the same government department.  The young
clerks were also, it seemed to Mr. Golyadkin, extremely
amazed at meeting their colleague in such a way; one of
them, in fact, pointed him out to the other.  Mr. Golyadkin
even fancied that the other had actually called his name,
which, of course, was very unseemly in the street.  Our hero
concealed himself and did not respond.  "The silly
youngsters!" he began reflecting to himself.  "Why, what is
there strange in it?  A man in a carriage, a man needs to be in
a carriage, and so he hires a carriage.  They're simply
noodles!  I know them - simply silly youngsters, who still
need thrashing!  They want to be paid a salary for playing
pitch-farthing and dawdling about, that's all they're fit for. 
It'd let them all know, if only . . ."
    Mr. Golyadkin broke off suddenly, petrified.  A smart pair
of Kazan horses, very familiar to Mr. Golyadkin, in a
fashionable droshky, drove rapidly by on the right side of his
carriage.  The gentleman sitting in the droshky, happening to
catch a glimpse of Mr. Golyadkin, who was rather
incautiously poking his head out of the carriage window, also
appeared to be extremely astonished at the unexpected
meeting and, bending out as far as he could, looked with the
greatest of curiosity and interest into the corner of the
carriage in which our hero made haste to conceal himself. 
The gentleman in the droshky was Andrey Filippovitch, the
head of the office in which Mr. Golyadkin served in the
capacity of assistant to the chief clerk.  Mr.  Golyadkin,
seeing that Andrey Filippovitch recognized him, that he was
looking at him open-eyed and that it was impossible to hide,
blushed up to her ears.
    "Bow or not?  Call back or not?  Recognize him or not?"
our hero wondered in indescribable anguish, "or pretend that
I am not myself, but somebody else strikingly like me, and
look as though nothing were the matter.  Simply not I, not I
- and that's all," said Mr. Golyadkin, taking off his hat to
Andrey Filippovitch and keeping his eyes fixed upon him. 
"I'm . . . I'm all right," he whispered with an effort; "I'm . . .
quite all right.  It's not I, it's not I - and that is the fact of the
    Soon, however, the droshky passed the carriage, and the
magnetism of his chief's eyes was at an end.  Yet he went on
blushing, smiling and muttering something to himself. . .
    "I was a fool not to call back," he thought at last.  "I ought
to have taken a bolder line and behaved with gentlemanly
openness.  I ought to have said 'This is how it is, Andrey
Filippovitch, I'm asked to the dinner too,' and that's all it is!"
    Then, suddenly recalling how taken aback he had been,
our hero flushed as hot as fire, frowned, and cast a terrible
defiant glance at the front corner of the carriage, a glance
calculated to reduce all his foes to ashes.  At last, he was
suddenly inspired to pull the cord attached to the driver's
elbow, and stopped the carriage, telling him to drive back to
Liteyny Street.  The fact was, it was urgently necessary for
Mr. Golyadkin, probably for the sake of his own peace of
mind, to say something very interesting to his doctor,
Krestyan Ivanovitch.  And, though he had made Krestyan
Ivanovitch's acquaintance quite recently, having, indeed, only
paid him a single visit, and that one the previous week, to
consult him about some symptom.  but a doctor, as they say,
is like a priest, and it would be stupid for him to keep out of
sight, and, indeed, it was his duty to know his patients.  "Will
it be all right, though," our hero went on, getting out of the
carriage at the door of a five-storey house in Liteyny Street,
at which he had told the driver to stop the carriage: "Will it
be all right?  Will it be proper?  Will it be appropriate?  After
all, though," he went on, thinking as he mounted the stairs
out of breath and trying to suppress that beating of his heart,
which had the habit of beating on all other people's
staircases: "After all, it's on my own business and there's
nothing reprehensible in it. . . . It would be stupid to keep out
of sight.  Why, of course, I shall behave as though I were
quite all right, and have simply looked in as I passed. . . . He
will see, that it's all just as it should be."
    Reasoning like this, Mr. Golyadkin mounted to the second
storey and stopped before flat number five, on which there
was a handsome brass door-plate with the inscription -

Doctor of Medicine and Surgery

    Stopping at the door, our hero made haste to assume an air
of propriety, ease, and even of a certain affability, and
prepared to pull the bell.  As he was about to do so he
promptly and rather appropriately reflected that it might be
better to come to-morrow, and that it was not very pressing
for the moment.  But as he suddenly heard footsteps on the
stairs, he immediately changed his mind again and at once
rang Krestyan Ivanovitch's bell - with an air, moreover, of
great determination.

Chapter II

The doctor of medicine and surgery, Krestyan Ivanovitch
Rutenspitz, a very hale though elderly man, with thick
eyebrows and whiskers that were beginning to turn grey,
eyes with an expressive gleam in them that looked capable of
routing every disease, and, lastly, with orders of some
distinction on his breast, was sitting in his consulting-room
that morning in his comfortable armchair.  He was drinking
coffee, which his wife had brought him with her own hand,
smoking a cigar and from time to time writing prescriptions
for his patients.  After prescribing a draught for an old man
who was suffering from haemorrhoids and seeing the aged
patient out by the side door, Krestyan Ivanovitch sat down to
await the next visitor.
    Mr. Golyadkin walked in.
    Apparently Krestyan Ivanovitch did not in the least expect
nor desire to see Mr. Golyadkin, for he was suddenly taken
aback for a moment, and his countenance unconsciously
assumed a strange and, one may almost say, a displeased
expression.  As Mr. Golyadkin almost always turned up
inappropriately and was thrown into confusion whenever he
approached any one about his own little affairs, on this
occasion, too, he was desperately embarrassed.  Having
neglected to get ready his first sentence, which was
invariably a stumbling-block for him on such occasions, he
muttered something - apparently an apology - and, not
knowing what to do next, took a chair and sat down, but,
realizing that he had sat down without being asked to do so,
he was immediately conscious of his lapse, and made haste
to efface his offence against etiquette and good breeding by
promptly getting up again from the seat he had taken
uninvited.  Then, on second thoughts, dimly perceiving that
he had committed two stupid blunders at once, he
immediately decided to commit a third - that is, tried to right
himself, muttered something, smiled, blushed, was overcome
with embarrassment, sank into expressive silence, and finally
sat down for good and did not get up again.  Only, to protect
himself from all contingencies, he looked at the doctor with
that defiant glare which had an extraordinary power of
figuratively crushing Mr. Golyadkin's enemies and reducing
them to ashes.  This glance, moreover, expressed to the full
Mr. Golyadkin's independence - that is, to speak plainly, the
fat that Mr. Golyadkin was "all right," that he was "quite
himself, like everybody else," and that there was "nothing
wrong in his upper storey."  Krestyan Ivanovitch coughed,
cleared his throat, apparently in token of approval and assent
to all this, and bent an inquisitorial interrogative gaze upon
his visitor.
    "I have come to trouble you a second time, Krestyan
Ivanovitch," began Mr. Golyadkin, with a smile, "and now I
venture to ask your indulgence a second time. . . ."  He was
obviously at a loss for words.
    "H'm . . . Yes!" pronounced Krestyan Ivanovitch, puffing
out a spiral of smoke and putting down his cigar on the table,
"but you must follow the treatment prescribed to you; I
explained to you that what would be beneficial to your health
is a change of habits. . . . Entertainment, for instance, and,
well, friends - you should visit your acquaintances, and not
be hostile to the bottle; and likewise keep cheerful company."
    Mr. Golyadkin, still smiling, hastened to observe that he
thought he was like every one else, that he lived by himself,
that he had entertainments like every one else . . . that, of
course, he might go to the theatre, for he had the means like
every one else, that he spent the day at the office and the
evenings at home, that he was quite all right; he even
observed, in passing, that he was, so far as he could see, as
good as any one, that he lived at home, and finally, that he
had Petrushka.  At this point Mr. Golyadkin hesitated.
    "H'm! no, that is not the order of proceeding that I want;
and that is not at all what I would ask you.  I am interested to
know, in general, are you a great lover of cheerful company? 
Do you take advantages of festive occasions; and well, do
you lead a melancholy or cheerful manner of life?"
    "Krestyan Ivanovitch, I . . ."
    "H'm! . . . I tell you," interrupted the doctor, "that you
must have a radical change of life, must, in a certain sense,
break in your character."  (Krestyan Ivanovitch laid special
stress on the word "break in," and paused for a moment with
a very significant air.)  "Must not shrink from gaiety, must
visit entertainments and clubs, and in any case, be not hostile
to the bottle.  Sitting at home is not right for you . . . sitting
at home is impossible for you."
    "I like quiet, Krestyan Ivanovitch," said Mr. Golyadkin,
with a significant look at the doctor and evidently seeking
words to express his ideas more successfully: "In my flat
there's only me and Petrushka. . . . I mean my man, Krestyan
Ivanovitch.  I mean to say, Krestyan Ivanovitch, that I go my
way, my own way, Krestyan Ivanovitch.  I keep myself to
myself, and so far as I can see am not dependent on any one. 
I go out for walks, too, Krestyan Ivanovitch."
    "What?  Yes! well, nowadays there's nothing agreeable in
walking: the climate's extremely bad."
    "Quite so, Krestyan Ivanovitch.  Though I'm a peaceable
man, Krestyan Ivanovitch, as I've had the honour of
explaining to you already, yet my way lies apart, Krestyan
Ivanovitch.  The ways of life are manifold . . . I mean . . . I
mean to say, Krestyan Ivanovitch. . . . Excuse me, Krestyan
Ivanovitch, I've no great gift for eloquent speaking."
    "H'm . . . you say . . ."
    "I say, you must excuse me, Krestyan Ivanovitch, that as
far as I can see I am no great hand at eloquence in speaking,"
Mr. Golyadkin articulated, stammering and hesitating, in a
half-aggrieved voice.  "In that respect, Krestyan Ivanovitch,
I'm not quite like other people," he added, with a peculiar
smile, "I can't talk much, and have never learnt to embellish
my speech with literary graces.  On the other hand, I cat,
Krestyan Ivanovitch; on the other hand, I act, Krestyan
    "H'm . . . How's that . . . you act?" responded Krestyan
    Then silence followed for half a minute.  The doctor
looked somewhat strangely and mistrustfully at his visitor. 
Mr. Golyadkin, for his part, too, stole a rather mistrustful
glance at the doctor.
    "Krestyan Ivanovitch," he began, going on again in the
same tone as before, somewhat irritated and puzzled by the
doctors extreme obstinacy: "I like tranquillity and not the
noisy gaiety of the world.  Among them, I mean, in the noisy
world, Krestyan Ivanovitch one must be able to polish the
floor with one's boots . . ." (here Mr. Golyadkin made a slight
scrape on the floor with his toe); "they expect it, and they
expect puns too . . . one must know how to make a perfumed
compliment . . . that's what they expect there.  And I've not
learnt to do it, Krestyan Ivanovitch, I've never learnt all those
tricks, I've never had the time.  I'm a simple person, and not
ingenious, and I've no external polish.  On that side I
surrender, Krestyan Ivanovitch, I lay down my arms,
speaking in that sense."
    All this Mr. Golyadkin pronounced with an air which
made it perfectly clear that our hero was far from regretting
that he was laying down his arms in that sense and that he
had not learnt these tricks; quite the contrary, indeed.  As
Krestyan Ivanovitch listened to him, he looked down with a
very unpleasant grimace on his face, seeming to have a
presentiment of something.  Mr. Golyadkin's tirade was
followed by a rather long and significant silence.
    "You have, I think, departed a little from the subject,"
Krestyan Ivanovitch said at last, in a low voice: "I confess I
cannot altogether understand you."
    "I'm not a great hand at eloquent speaking, Krestyan
Ivanovitch; I've had the honour to inform you, Krestyan
Ivanovitch, already," said Mr. Golyadkin, speaking this time
in a sharp and resolute tone.
    "H'm!" . . .
    "Krestyan Ivanovitch!" began Mr. Golyadkin again in a
low but more significant voice in a somewhat solemn style
and emphasizing every point: "Krestyan Ivanovitch, when I
came in here I began with apologies.  I repeat the same thing
again, and again ask for your indulgence.  There's no need
for me to conceal it, Krestyan Ivanovitch.  I'm an
unimportant man, as you know; but fortunately for me, I do
not regret being an unimportant man.  Quite the contrary,
indeed, Krestyan Ivanovitch, and, to be perfectly frank, I'm
proud that I'm not a great man but an unimportant man.  I'm
not one to intrigue and I'm proud of that too, I don't act on
the sly, but openly, without cunning, and although I could do
harm too, and a great deal of harm, indeed, and know to
whom and how to do it, Krestyan Ivanovitch, yet I won't
sully myself, and in that sense I was my hands.  In that sense,
I say, I wash them, Krestyan Ivanovitch!"  Mr. Golyadkin
paused expressively for a moment; he spoke with mild
    "I set to work, Krestyan Ivanovitch," our hero continued,
"directly, openly, by no devious ways, for I disdain them, and
leave them to others.  I do not try to degrade those who are
perhaps purer than you and I . . . that is, I mean, I and they,
Krestyan Ivanovitch - I didn't mean you.  I don't like
insinuations; I've no taste for contemptible duplicity; I'm
disgusted by slander and calumny.  I only put on a mask at a
masquerade, and don't wear one before people every day.  I
only ask you, Krestyan Ivanovitch, how you would revenge
yourself upon your enemy, your most malignant enemy - the
one you would consider such?"  Mr. Golyadkin concluded
with a challenging glance at Krestyan Ivanovitch.
   Though Mr. Golyadkin pronounced this with the utmost
distinctness and clearness, weighing his words with a
self-confident air and reckoning on their probable effect, yet
meanwhile he looked at Krestyan Ivanovitch with anxiety,
with great anxiety, with extreme anxiety.  Now he was all
eyes: and timidly waited for the doctor's answer with irritable
and agonized impatience.  But to the perplexity and complete
amazement of our hero, Krestyan Ivanovitch only muttered
something to himself; then he moved his armchair up to the
table, and rather drily though politely announced something
to the effect that his time was precious, and that he did not
quite understand; that he was ready, however, to attend to
him as far as he was able, but he wold not go into anything
further that did not concern him.  At this point he took the
pen, drew a piece of paper towards him, cut out of it the
usual long strip, and announced that he would immediately
prescribe what was necessary.
    "No, it's not necessary, Krestyan Ivanovitch!  No, that's
not necessary at all!" said Mr. Golyadkin, getting up from his
seat, and clutching Krestyan Ivanovitch's right hand.  "That
isn't what's wanted, Krestyan Ivanovitch."
    And, while he said this, a queer change came over him. 
His grey eyes gleamed strangely, his lips began to quiver, all
the muscles, all the features of his face began moving and
working.  He was trembling all over.  After stopping the
doctor's hand, Mr. Golyadkin followed his first movement by
standing motionless, as though he had no confidence in
himself and were waiting for some inspiration for further
    Then followed a rather strange scene.
    Somewhat perplexed, Krestyan Ivanovitch seemed for a
moment rooted to his chair and gazed open-eyed in
bewilderment at Mr. Golyadkin, who looked at him in
exactly the same way.  At last Krestyan Ivanovitch stood up,
gently holding the lining of Mr. Golyadkin's coat.  For some
seconds they both stood like that, motionless, with their eyes
fixed on each other.  Then, however, in an extraordinarily
strange way came Mr. Golyadkin's second movement.  His
lips trembled, his chin began twitching, and our hero quite
unexpectedly burst into tears.  Sobbing, shaking his head and
striking himself on the chest with his right hand, while with
his left clutching the lining of the doctor's coat, he tried to
say something and to make some explanation but could not
utter a word.
    At last Krestyan Ivanovitch recovered from his
    "Come, calm yourself!" he brought out at last, trying to
make Mr. Golyadkin sit down in an armchair.
    "I have enemies, Krestyan Ivanovitch, I have enemies; I
have malignant enemies who have sworn to ruin me . . ." Mr
Golyadkin answered in a frightened whisper.
    "Come, come, why enemies?  you mustn't talk about
enemies!  You really mustn't.  Sit down, sit down," Krestyan
Ivanovitch went on, getting Mr. Golyadkin once and for all
into the armchair.
    Mr. Golyadkin sat down at last, still keeping his eyes fixed
on the doctor.  With an extremely displeased air, Krestyan
Ivanovitch strode from one end of the room to another.  A
long silence followed.
    "I'm grateful to you, Krestyan Ivanovitch, I'm very
grateful, and I'm very sensible of all you've done for me now. 
 To my dying day I shall never forget your kindness,
Krestyan Ivanovitch," said Mr. Golyadkin, getting up from
his seat with an offended air.
    "Come, give over!  I tell you, give over!" Krestyan
Ivanovitch responded rather sternly to Mr. Golyadkin's
outburst, making him sit down again.
    "Well , what's the matter?  Tell me what is unpleasant,"
Krestyan Ivanovitch went on, "and what enemies are you
talking about?  What is wrong?"
    "No, Krestyan Ivanovitch we'd better leave that now,"
answered Mr. Golyadkin, casting down his eyes; "let us put
all that aside for the time. . . . Till another time, Krestyan
Ivanovitch, till a more convenient moment, when everything
will be discovered and the mask falls off certain faces, and
something comes to light.  But, meanwhile, now, of course,
after what has passed between us . . . you will agree yourself,
Krestyan Ivanovitch. . . . Allow me to wish you good
morning, Krestyan Ivanovitch," said Mr. Golyadkin, getting
up gravely and resolutely and taking his hat.
    "Oh, well . . . as you like . . . h'm . . ."  (A moment of
silence followed.)  "For my part, you know . . . whatever I
can do . . . and I sincerely wish you well."
    "I understand you, Krestyan Ivanovitch, I understand:  I
understand you perfectly now . . . In any case excuse me for
having troubled you, Krestyan Ivanovitch."
    "H'm, no, I didn't mean that.  However, as you please; go
on taking the medicines as before. . . ."
    "I will go with the medicines as you say, Krestyan
Ivanovitch.  I will go on with them, and I will get them at the
same chemist's . . . To be a chemist nowadays, Krestyan
Ivanovitch, is an important business. . . ."
    "How so?  In what sense do you mean?"
    "In a very ordinary sense, Krestyan Ivanovitch.  I mean to
say that nowadays that's the way of the world. . ."
    "H'm. . ."
    "And that every silly youngster, not only a chemist's boy
turns up his nose at respectable people."
    "H'm.  How do you understand that?"
    "I'm speaking of a certain person, Krestyan Ivanovitch . .
. of a common acquaintance of ours, Krestyan Ivanovitch, of
Vladimir Semyonovitch . . ."
    "Yes, Krestyan Ivanovitch: and I know certain people,
Krestyan Ivanovitch, who didn't keep to the general rule of
telling the truth, sometimes."
    "Ah!  How so?"
    "Why, yes, it is so: but that's neither here nor there: they
sometimes manage to serve you up a fine egg in gravy."
    "What?  Serve up what?"
    "An egg in gravy, Krestyan Ivanovitch.  It's a Russian
saying.  They know how to congratulate some one the right
moment, for instance; there are people like that."
    "yes, congratulate, Krestyan Ivanovitch, as some one I
know very well did the other day!" . . .
    "Some one you know very well . . . Ah!  how was that?"
said Krestyan Ivanovitch, looking attentively at Mr.
    "Yes, some one I know very well indeed congratulated
some one else I know very well - and, what's more, a
comrade, a friend of his heart, on his promotion, on his
receiving the rank of assessor.  This was how it happened to
come up:  'I am exceedingly glad of the opportunity to offer
you, Vladimir Semyonovitch, my congratulations, my sincere
congratulations, on your receiving the rank of assessor.  And
I'm the more please, as all the world knows that there are old
women nowadays who tell fortunes.'"
    At this point Mr. Golyadkin gave a sly nod, and screwing
up his eyes, looked at Krestyan Ivanovitch . . .
    "H'm.  So he said that. . . ."
    "He did, Krestyan Ivanovitch, he said it and glanced at
once at Andrey Filippovitch, the uncle of out Prince
Charming, Vladimir Semyonovitch.  But what is it to me,
Krestyan Ivanovitch, that he has been made an assessor? 
What is it to me?  And he wants to get married and the milk
is scarcely dry on his lips, if I may be allowed the expression. 
And I said as much.  Vladimir Semyonovitch, said I! I've said
everything now; allow me to withdraw."
    "H'm . . ."
    "Yes, Krestyan Ivanovitch, all me now, I say, to withdraw. 
But, to kill two birds with one stone, as I twitted our young
gentleman with the old women, I turned to Klara Olsufyevna
(it all happened the same day, before yesterday at Olsufy
Ivanovitch's), and she had only just sung a song with feeling,
'You've sung songs of feeling, madam,' said I, 'but they've
not been listened to with a pure heart.'  And by that I hinted
plainly, Krestyan Ivanovitch, hinted plainly, that they were
not running after her now, but looking higher . . ."
    "Ah!  And what did he say?"
    "He swallowed the pill, Krestyan Ivanovitch, as the saying
    "H'm . . ."
    "Yes, Krestyan Ivanovitch.  To the old man himself, too,
I said, 'Olsufy Ivanovitch,' said I,  'I know how much I'm
indebted to you, I appreciate to the full all the kindness
you've showered upon me from my childhood up.  But open
your eyes, Olsufy Ivanovitch,' I said.  'Look about you.  I 
myself do things openly and aboveboard, Olsufy
    "Oh, really!"
    "Yes, Krestyan Ivanovitch.  Really . . ."
    "What did he say?"
    "Yes, what, indeed, Krestyan Ivanovitch?  He mumbled
one thing and another, and 'I know you,' and that 'his
Excellency was a benevolent man' - he rambled on . . . But,
there, you know!  he's begun to be a bit shaky, as they say,
with old age."
    "Ah!  So that's how it is now . . ."
    "Yes, Krestyan Ivanovitch.  And that's how we all are! 
Poor old man!  He looks towards the grave, breathes incense,
as they say, while they concoct a piece of womanish gossip
and he listens to it; without him they wouldn't . . ."
    "Gossip, you say?"
    "Yes, Krestyan Ivanovitch, they've concocted a womanish
scandal.  Our bear, too, had a finger in it, and his nephew,
our Prince Charming.  They've joined hands with the old
women and, of course, they've concocted the affair.  Would
you believe it?  They plotted the murder of some one! . . ."
    "The murder of some one?"
    "Yes, Krestyan Ivanovitch, the moral murder of some one. 
They spread about . . . I'm speaking of a man I know very
    Krestyan Ivanovitch nodded.
    "They spread rumours about him . . . I confess I'm
ashamed to repeat them, Krestyan Ivanovitch."
    "H'm." . . .
    "They spread a rumour that he had signed a promise to
marry though he was already engaged in another quarter . .
. and would you believe it, Krestyan Ivanovitch, to whom?"
    "To a cook, to a disreputable German woman from whom
he used to get his dinners; instead of paying what he owed,
he offered her his hand."
    "Is that what they say?"
    "Would you believe it, Krestyan Ivanovitch?  A low
German, a nasty shameless German, Karolina Ivanovna, if
you know . . ."
    "I confess, for my part . . ."
    "I understand you, Krestyan Ivanovitch, I understand, and
for my part I feel it . . ."
    "Tell me, please, where are you living now?"
    "Where am I living now, Krestyan Ivanovitch?"
    "Yes . . . I want . . . I believe you used to live . . ."
    "Yes, Krestyan Ivanovitch, I did, I used to.  To be sure I
lived!" answered Mr. Golyadkin, accompanying his words
with a little laugh, and somewhat disconcerting Krestyan
Ivanovitch by his answer.
    "No, you misunderstood me; I meant to say . . ."
    "I, too, meant to say, Krestyan Ivanovitch, I meant it too,"
Mr. Golyadkin continued, laughing.  "But I've kept you far
too long, Krestyan Ivanovitch.  I hope you will allow me
now, to wish you good morning."
    "H'm . . ."
    "Yes, Krestyan Ivanovitch, I understand you; I fully
understand you now," said our hero, with a slight flourish
before Krestyan Ivanovitch.  "And so permit me to wish you
good morning . . ."
    At this point our hero made a scraping with the toe of his
boot and walked out of the room, leaving Krestyan
Ivanovitch in the utmost amazement.  As he went down the
doctor's stairs he smiled and rubbed his hands gleefully.  On
the steps, breathing the fresh air and feeling himself at
liberty, he was certainly prepared to admit that he was the
happiest of mortals, and thereupon to go straight to his office
- when suddenly his carriage rumbled up to the door: he
glanced at it and remembered everything.  Petrushka was
already opening the carriage door.  Mr. Golyadkin was
completely overwhelmed by a strong and unpleasant
sensation.  He blushed, as it were, for a moment.  Something
seemed to stab him.  He was just about to raise his foot to the
carriage step when he suddenly turned round and looked
towards Krestyan Ivanovitch's window.  Yes, it was so! 
Krestyan Ivanovitch was standing at the window, was
stroking his whiskers with his right hand and staring with
some curiosity at the hero of out story.
    "That doctor is silly," thought Mr. Golyadkin, huddling out
of sight in the carriage; "extremely silly.  He may treat his
patients all right, but still . . . he's as stupid as a post."
    Mr. Golyadkin sat down, Petrushka shouted "Off!" and the
carriage rolled towards Nevsky Prospect again.

Chapter III

All that morning was spent by Mr. Golyadkin in a strange
bustle of activity.  On reaching the Nevsky Prospect our hero
told the driver to stop at the bazaar.  Skipping out of his
carriage, he ran to the Arcade, accompanied by Petrushka,
and went straight to a shop where gold and silver articles
were for sale.  One could see from his very air that he was
overwhelmed with business and had a terrible amount to do. 
Arranging to purchase a complete dinner- and tea-service for
fifteen hundred roubles and including in the bargain for that
sum a cigar-case of ingenious form and a silver shaving-set,
and finally, asking the price of some other articles, useful and
agreeable in their own way, he ended by promising to come
without fail next day, or to send for his purchases the same
day.  He took the number of the shop, and listening
attentively to the shopkeeper, who was very pressing for a
small deposit, said that he should have it all in good time. 
After which he took leave of the amazed shopkeeper and,
followed by a regular flock of shopmen, walked along the
Arcade, continually looking round at Petrushka and
diligently seeking our fresh shops.  On the way he dropped
into a money-changer's and changed all his big notes into
small ones, and though he lost on the exchange, his
pocket-book was considerably fatter, which evidently
afforded him extreme satisfaction.  Finally, he stopped at a
shop for ladies' dress materials.  Here, too, after deciding to
purchase good for a considerable sum, Mr. Golyadkin
promised to come again, took the number of the shop and, on
being asked for a deposit, assured the shopkeeper that "he
should have a deposit too, all in good time."  Then he visited
several other shops, making purchases in each of them, asked
the price of various things, sometimes arguing a long time
with the shopkeeper, going out of the shop and returning two
or three times - in fact he displayed exceptional activity. 
From the Arcade our hero went to a well-known furniture
shop, where he ordered furniture for six rooms; he admired
a fashionable and very toilet table for ladies' use in the latest
style, and, assuring the shopkeeper than he would certainly
send for all these things, walked out of the shop, as usual
promising a deposit.  then he went off somewhere else and
ordered something more.  In short, there seemed to be no end
to the business he had to get through.  At last, Mr. Golyadkin
seemed to grow heartily sick of it all, and he began, goodness
knows why, to be tormented by the stings of conscience. 
Nothing would have induced him now, for instance, to meet
Andrey Filippovitch, or even Krestyan Ivanovitch.
    At last, the town clock struck three.  When Mr. Golyadkin
finally took his seat in the carriage, of all the purchases he
had made that morning he had, it appeared, in reality only got
a pair of gloves and a bottle of scent, that cost a rouble and
a half.  As it was still rather early, he ordered his coachman
to stop near a well-known restaurant in Nevsky Prospect
which he only knew by reputation, got out of the carriage,
and hurried in to have a light lunch, to rest and to wait for the
hour fixed for the dinner.
  Lunching as a man lunches who has the prospect before him
of going out to a sumptuous dinner, that is, taking a snack of
something in order to still the pangs, as they say, and
drinking one small glass of vodka, Mr. Golyadkin established
himself in an armchair and, modestly looking about him,
peacefully settled down to an emaciated nationalist paper. 
After reading a couple of lines he stood up and looked in the
looking-glass, set himself to rights and smoothed himself
down; then he went to the window and looked to see whether
his carriage was there . . . then he sat down again in his place
and took up the paper.  It was noticeable that our hero was in
great excitement.  Glancing at his watch and seeing that it
was only a quarter past three and that he had consequently a
good time to wait and, at the same time, opining that to sit
like that was unsuitable, Mr. Golyadkin ordered chocolate,
though he felt no particular inclination for it at the moment. 
Drinking the chocolate and noticing that the time had moved
on a little, he went up to pay his bill.
    He turned round and saw facing him two of his colleagues,
the same two he had met that morning in Liteyny Street, -
young men, very much his juniors both in age and rank.  Our
hero's relations with them were neither one thing nor the
other, neither particularly friendly nor openly hostile.  Good
manners were, of course, observed on both sides: there was
no closer intimacy, nor could there be.  The meeting at this
moment was extremely distasteful to Mr. Golyadkin.  He
frowned a little, and was disconcerted for an instant.
    "Yakov Petrovitch, Yakov Petrovitch!" chirped the two
register clerks; "you here?  what brings you? . . ."
    "Ah, it is you, gentlemen," Mr. Golyadkin interrupted
hurriedly, somewhat embarrassed and scandalized by the
amazement of the clerks and by the abruptness of their
address, but feeling obliged, however, to appear jaunty and
free and easy.  "You've deserted gentlemen, he-he-he . . ." 
Then, to keep up his dignity and to condescend to the
juveniles, with whom he never overstepped certain limits, he
attempted to slap one of the youths on the shoulder; but this
effort at good fellowship did not succeed and, instead of
being a well-bred little jest, produced quite a different effect.
    "Well, and our bear, is he still at the office?"
    "Who's that, Yakov Petrovitch?"
    "Why, the bear.  Do you mean to say you don't know
whose name that is? . . ."  Mr. Golyadkin laughed and turned
to the cashier to take his change.
    "I mean Andrey Filippovitch, gentlemen," he went on,
finishing with the cashier, and turning to the clerks this time
with a very serious face.  The two register clerks winked at
one another.
    "He's still at the office and asking for you, Yakov
Petrovitch," answered one of them.
    "At the office, eh!  In that case, let him stay, gentlemen. 
And asking for me, eh?"
    "He was asking for you, Yakov Petrovitch; but what's up
with you, scented, pomaded, and such a swell? . . ."
    "Nothing, gentlemen, nothing!  that's enough," answered
Mr. Golyadkin, looking away with a constrained smile. 
Seeing that Mr. Golyadkin was smiling, the clerks laughed
aloud.  Mr. Golyadkin was a little offended.
    "I'll tell you as friends, gentlemen," our hero said, after a
brief silence, as though making up his mind (which, indeed,
was the case) to reveal something to them.  "You all know
me, gentlemen, but hitherto you've known me only on one
side.  no one is to blame for that and I'm conscious that the
fault has been partly my own."
    Mr. Golyadkin pursed his lips and looked significantly at
the clerks.  The clerks winked at one another again.
    "Hitherto, gentlemen, you have not known me.  To explain
myself here and now would not be appropriate.  I will only
touch on it lightly in passing.  There are people, gentlemen,
who dislike roundabout ways and only mask themselves at
masquerades.  There are people who do not see man's highest
avocation in polishing the floor with their boots.  There are
people, gentlemen, who refuse to say that they are happy and
enjoying a full life when, for instance, their trousers set
properly.  There are people, finally, who dislike dashing and
whirling about for no object, fawning, and licking the dust,
and above all, gentlemen, poking their noses where they are
not wanted. . . I've told you almost everything, gentlemen;
now allow me to withdraw. . ."
    Mr. Golyadkin paused.  As the register clerks had not got
all that they wanted, both of them with great incivility burst
into shouts of laughter.  Mr. Golyadkin flared up.
    "Laugh away, gentlemen, laugh away for the time being! 
If you live long enough you will see," he said, with a feeling
of offended dignity, taking his hat and retreating to the door.
    "But I will say more, gentlemen," he added, turning for the
last time to the register clerks, "I will say more - you are both
here with me face to face.  This, gentlemen, is my rule: if I
fail I don't lose heart, if I succeed I persevere, and in any case
I am never underhand.  I'm not one to intrigue - and I'm
proud of it.  I've never prided myself on diplomacy.  They
say, too, gentlemen, that the bird flies itself to the hunter.  It's
true and I'm ready to admit it; but who's the hunter, and
who's the bird in this case?  That is still the question,
    Mr. Golyadkin subsided into eloquent silence, and, with a
most significant air, that is, pursing up his lips and raising his
eyebrows as high as possible, he bowed to the clerks and
walked out, leaving them in the utmost amazement.
    "What are your orders now?" Petrushka asked, rather
gruffly; he was probably weary of hanging about in the cold. 
"What are your orders?" he asked Mr. Golyadkin, meeting
the terrible, withering glance with which our hero had
protected himself twice already that morning, and to which
he had recourse now for the third time as he came down the
    "To Ismailovsky Bridge."
    "To Ismailovsky Bridge!  Off!"
    "Their dinner will not begin till after four, or perhaps five
o'clock," thought Mr. Golyadkin; "isn't it early now? 
However, I can go a little early; besides, it's only a family
dinner.  And so I can go sans facons, as they say among
well-bred people.  Why shouldn't I go sans facons?  The bear
told us, too, that it would all be sans facons, and so I will be
the same. . . ."  Such were Mr. Golyadkin's reflections and
meanwhile his excitement grew more and more acute.  It
could be seen that he was preparing himself for some great
enterprise, to say nothing more; he muttered to himself,
gesticulated with his right hand, continually looked out of his
carriage window, so that, looking at Mr. Golyadkin, no one
would have said that he was on his way to a good dinner, and
only a simple dinner in his family circle - sans facons, as they
say among well-bred people.  Finally, just at Ismailovsky
Bridge, Mr. Golyadkin pointed out a house; and the carriage
rolled up noisily and stopped at the first entrance on the right. 
Noticing a feminine figure at the second storey window, Mr.
Golyadkin kissed his hand to her.  He had, however, not the
slightest idea what he was doing, for he felt more dead than
alive at the moment.  He got out of the carriage pale,
distracted; he mounted the steps, took off his hat,
mechanically straightened himself, and though he felt a slight
trembling in his knees, he went upstairs.
    "Olsufy Ivanovitch?" he inquired of the man who opened
the door.
    "At home, sir; at least he's not at home, his honour's not at
    "What?  What do you mean, my good man?  I-I've come
to dinner, brother.  Why, you know me?"
    "To be sure I know you!  I've orders not to admit you."
    "You . . . you, brother . . . you must be making a mistake. 
It's I, my boy, I'm invited; I've come to dinner," Mr.
Golyadkin announced, taking off his coat and displaying
unmistakable intentions of going into the room.
    "Allow me, sir, you can't, sir.  I've orders not to admit you. 
I've orders to refuse you.  That's how it is."
    Mr. Golyadkin turned pale.  At that very moment the door
of the inner room opened and Gerasimitch, Olsufy
Ivanovitch's old butler, came out.
    "You see the gentlemen wants to go in, Emelyan
Gerasimitch, and I . . ."
    "And you're a fool, Alexeitch.  Go inside and send the
rascal Semyonovitch here.  It's impossible," he said politely
but firmly, addressing Mr. Golyadkin.  "It's quite impossible. 
His honour begs you to excuse him; he can't see you."
    "He said he couldn't see me?" Mr. Golyadkin asked
uncertainly.  "Excuse me, Gerasimitch, why is it
    "It's quite impossible.  I've informed your honour; they
said 'Ask him to excuse us.'  They can't see you."
    "Why not?  How's that?  Why."
    "Allow me, allow me! . . ."
    "How is it though?  It's out of the question!  Announce me
. . . How is it?  I've come to dinner. . ."
    "Excuse me, excuse me . . ."
    "Ah, well, that's a different matter, they asked to be
excused: but, allow me, Gerasimitch; how is it,
    "Excuse me, excuse me! replied Gerasimitch, very firmly
putting away Mr. Golyadkin's hand and making way for two
gentlemen who walked into the entry that very instant.  The
gentlemen in question were Andrey Filippovitch and his
nephew Vladimir Semyonovitch.  Both of the looked with
amazement at Mr. Golyadkin.  Andrey Filippovitch seemed
about to say something, but Mr. Golyadkin had by now made
up his mind: he was by now walking out of Olsufy
Ivanovitch's entry, blushing and smiling, with eyes cast down
and a countenance of helpless bewilderment.  "I will come
afterwards, Gerasimitch; I will explain myself: I hope that all
this will without delay be explained in due season. . . ."
    "Yakov Petrovitch, Yakov Petrovitch . . ."  He heard the
voice of Andrey Filippovitch following him.
    Mr. Golyadkin was by that time on the first landing.  He
turned quickly to Andrey Filippovitch.
    "What do you desire, Andrey Filippovitch?" he said in a
rather resolute voice.
    "What's wrong with you, Yakov Petrovitch?  In what
    "No matter, Andrey Filippovitch.  I'm on my own account
here.  This is my private life, Andrey Filippovitch."
    "What's that?"
    "I say, Andrey Filippovitch, that this is my private life, and
as for my being here, as far as I can see, there's nothing
reprehensible to be found in it as regards my official
    "What!  As regards your official . . . What's the matter
with you, my good sir?"
    "Nothing, Andrey Filippovitch, absolutely nothing; an
impudent slut of a girl, and nothing more . . ."
    "What!  What?"  Andrey Filippovitch was stupefied with
amazement.  Mr. Golyadkin, who had up till then looked as
though he would fly into Andrey Filippovitch's face, seeing
that the head of his office was laughing a little, almost
unconsciously took a step forward.  Andrey Filippovitch
jumped back.  Mr. Golyadkin went up one step and then
another.  Andrey Filippovitch looked about him uneasily. 
Mr. Golyadkin mounted the stairs rapidly.  Still more rapidly
Andrey Filippovitch darted into the flat and slammed the
door after him.  Mr. Golyadkin was left alone.  Everything
grew dark before his eyes.  He was utterly nonplussed, and
stood now in a sort of senseless hesitation, as though
recalling something extremely senseless, too, that had
happened quite recently.  "Ech, ech!" he muttered, smiling
with constraint.  Meanwhile, there came the sounds of steps
and voices on the stairs, probably of other guests invited by
Olsufy Ivanovitch.  Mr. Golyadkin recovered himself to
some extent; put up his racoon collar, concealing himself
behind it as far as possible, and began going downstairs with
rapid little steps, tripping and stumbling in his haste.  He felt
overcome by a sort of weakness and numbness.  His
confusion was such that, when he came out on the steps, he
did not even wait for his carriage but walked across the
muddy court to it.  When he reached his carriage and was
about to get into it, Mr. Golyadkin inwardly uttered a desire
to sink into the earth, or to hide in a mouse hole together with
his carriage.  It seemed to him that everything in Olsufy
Ivanovitch's house was looking at him now out of every
window.  He knew that he would certainly die on the spot if
he were to go back.
    "What are you laughing at, blockhead?" he said in a rapid
mutter to Petrushka, who was preparing to help him into the
    "What should I laugh at?  I'm not doing anything; where
are we to drive to now?"
    "Go home, drive on. . . ."
    "Home, off!" shouted Petrushka, climbing on to the
    "What a crow's croak!" thought Mr. Golyadkin. 
Meanwhile, the carriage had driven a good distance from
Ismailovsky Bridge.  Suddenly our hero pulled the cord with
all his might and shouted to the driver to turn back at once. 
The coachman turned his horses and within two minutes was
driving into Olsufy Ivanovitch's yard again.
    "Don't, don't, you fool, back!" shouted Mr. Golyadkin -
and, as though he were expecting this order, the driver made
no reply but, without stopping at the entrance, drove all
round the courtyard and out into the street again.
    Mr. Golyadkin did not drive home, but, after passing the
Semyonovsky Bridge, told the driver to return to a side street
and stop near a restaurant of rather modest appearance. 
Getting out of the carriage, our hero settled up with the driver
and so got rid of his equipage at last.  He told Petrushka to go
home and await his return, while he went into the restaurant,
took a private room and ordered dinner.  He felt very ill and
his brain was in the utmost confusion and chaos.  For a long
time he walked up and down the room in agitation; at last he
sat down in a chair, propped his brow in his hands and began
doing his very utmost to consider and settle something
relating to his present position.

Chapter IV

That day the birthday of Klara Olsufyevna, the only daughter
of the civil councillor, Berendyev, at one time Mr.
Golyadkin's benefactor and patron, was being celebrated by
a brilliant and sumptuous dinner-party, such as had not been
seen for many a long day within the walls of the flats in the
neighbourhood of Ismailovsky Bridge - a dinner more like
some Balthazar's feast, with a suggestion of something
Babylonian in its brilliant luxury and style, with
Veuve-Clicquot champagne, with oysters and fruit from
Eliseyev's and Milyutin's, with all sorts of fatted calves, and
all grades of the government service.  This festive day was to
conclude with a brilliant ball, a small birthday ball, but yet
brilliant in its taste, its distinction and its style.  Of course, I
am willing to admit that similar balls do happen sometimes,
though rarely.  Such balls, more like family rejoicings than
balls, can only be given in such houses as that of the civil
councillor, Berendyev.  I will say more: I even doubt if such
balls could be given in the houses of all civil councillors. 
Oh, if I were a poet!  such as Homer or Pushkin, I mean, of
course; with any lesser talent one would not venture - I
should certainly have painted all that glorious day for you,
oh, my readers, with a free brush and brilliant colours!  Yes,
I should begin my poem with my dinner, I should lay special
stress on that striking and solemn moment when the first
goblet was raised to the honour of the queen of the fete.  I
should describe to you the guests plunged in a reverent
silence and expectation, as eloquent as the rhetoric of
Demosthenes; I should describe for you, then, how Andrey
Filippovitch, having as the eldest of the guests some right to
take precedence, adorned with his grey hairs and the orders
what well befit grey hairs, got up from his seat and raised
above his head the congratulatory glass of sparkling wine -
brought from a distant kingdom to celebrate such occasions
and more like heavenly nectar than plain wine.  I would
portray for you the guests and the happy parents raising their
glasses, too, after Andrey Filippovitch, and fastening upon
him eyes full of expectation.  I would describe for you how
the same Andrey Filippovitch, so often mentioned, after
dropping a tear in his glass, delivered his congratulations and
good wishes, proposed the toast and drank the health . . . but
I confess, I freely confess, that I could not do justice to the
solemn moment when the queen of the fete, Klara
Olsufyevna, blushing like a rose in spring, with the glow of
bliss and of modesty, was so overcome by her feelings that
she sank into the arms of her tender mamma; how that tender
mamma shed tears, and how the father, Olsufy Ivanovitch, a
hale old man and a privy councillor, who had lost the use of
his legs in his long years of service and been rewarded by
destiny for his devotion with investments, a house, some
small estates, and a beautiful daughter, sobbed like a little
child and announced through his tears that his Excellency
was a benevolent man.  I could not, I positively could not,
describe the enthusiasm that followed that moment in every
heart, an enthusiasm clearly evinced in the conduct of a
youthful register clerk (though at that moment he was more
like a civil councillor than a register clerk), who was moved
to tears, too, as he listened to Andrey Filippovitch.  In his
turn, too, Andrey Filippovitch was in that solemn moment
quite unlike a collegiate councillor and the head of an office
in the department - yes, he was something else . . . what,
exactly, I do not know, but not a collegiate councillor.  He
was more exalted!  Finally . . . Oh, why do I not possess the
secret of lofty, powerful language, of the sublime style, to
describe these grand and edifying moments of human life,
which seem created expressly to prove that virtue sometimes
triumphs over ingratitude, free-thinking, vice and envy!  I
will say nothing, but in silence - which will be better than
any eloquence - I will point to that fortunate youth, just
entering on his twenty-sixth spring - to Vladimir
Semyonovitch, Andrey Filippovitch's nephew, who in his
turn now rose from his seat, who in his turn proposed a toast,
and upon whom were fastened the tearful eyes of the parents,
the proud eyes of Andrey Filippovitch, the modest eyes of
the queen of the fete, the solemn eyes of the guests and even
the decorously envious eyes of some of the young man's
youthful colleagues.  I will say nothing of that, though I
cannot refrain from observing that everything in that young
man - who was, indeed, speaking in a complimentary sense,
more like an elderly than a young man - everything, from his
blooming cheeks to his assessorial rank seemed almost to
proclaim aloud the lofty pinnacle a man can attain through
morality and good principles!  I will not describe how Anton
Antonovitch Syetotochkin, a little old man as grey as a
badger, the head clerk of a department, who was a colleague
of Andrey Filippovitch's and had once been also of Olsufy
Ivanovitch's, and was an old friend of the family and Klara
Olsufyevna's godfather, in his turn proposed a toast, crowed
like a cock, and cracked many little jokes; how by this
extremely proper breach of propriety, if one may use such an
expression, he made the whole company laugh till they cried,
and how Klara Olsufyevna, at her parents' bidding, rewarded
him for his jocularity and politeness with a kiss.  I will only
say that the guests, who must have felt like kinsfolk and
brothers after such a dinner, at last rose from the table, and
the elderly and more solid guests, after a brief interval spent
in friendly conversation, interspersed with some candid,
though, of course, very polite and proper observations, went
decorously into the next room and, without losing valuable
time, promptly divided themselves up into parties and, full of
the sense of their own dignity, installed themselves at tables
covered with green baize.  Meanwhile, the ladies established
in the drawing-room suddenly became very affable and
began talking about dress-materials.  And the venerable host,
who had lost the use of his legs in the service of loyalty and
religion, and had been rewarded with all the blessings we
have enumerated above, began walking about on crutches
among his guests, supported by Vladimir Semyonovitch and
Klara Olsufyevna, and he, too, suddenly becoming extremely
affable, decided to improvise a modest little dance, regardless
of expense; to that end a nimble youth (the one who was
more like a civil councillor than a youth) was despatched to
fetch musicians, and musicians to the number of eleven
arrived, and exactly at half-past eight struck up the inviting
strains of a French quadrille, followed by various other
dances. . . . It is needless to say that my pen is too weak, dull,
and spiritless to describe the dance that owed its inspiration
to the genial hospitality of the grey-headed host.  And how,
I ask, can the modest chronicler of Mr. Golyadkin's
adventures, extremely interesting as they are in their own
way, how can I depict the choice and rare mingling of
beauty, brilliance, style, gaiety, polite solidity and solid
politeness, sportiveness, joy, all the mirth and playfulness of
these wives and daughters of petty officials, more like fairies
than ladies - in a complimentary sense - with their lily
shoulders and their rosy faces, their ethereal figures, their
playfully agile homeopathic - to use the exalted language
appropriate - little feet?  How can I describe to you, finally,
the gallant officials, their partners - gay and solid youths,
steady, gleeful, decorously vague, smoking a pipe in the
intervals between the dancing in a little green room apart, or
not smoking a pipe in the intervals between the dances, every
one of them with a highly respectable surname and rank in
the service - all steeped in a sense of the elegant and a sense
of their own dignity; almost all speaking French to their
partners, or if Russian, using only the most well-bred
expressions, compliments and profound observations, and
only in the smoking -room permitting themselves some
genial lapses from this high tone, some phrases of cordial and
friendly brevity, such, for instance, as: "'Pon my soul, Petka,
you rake, you did kick me off that polka in style," or, "I say,
Vasya, you dog, you did give your partner a time of it."  For
all this, as I've already had the honour of explaining, oh, my
readers! my pen fails me, and therefore I am dumb.  Let us
rather return to Mr. Golyadkin, the true and only hero of my
very truthful tale.
    The fact is that he found himself now in a very strange
position, to the least of it.  He was here also, gentlemen - that
is, not at the dance, but almost at the dance; he was "all right,
though; he could take care of himself," yet at that moment he
was a little astray; he was standing at that moment , strange
to say - on the landing of the back stairs to Olsufy
Ivanovitch's flat.  But it was "all right" his standing there; he
was "quite well."  He was standing in a corner, huddled in a
place which was not very warm, though it was dark, partly
hidden by a huge cupboard and an old screen, in the midst of
rubbish, litter, and odds and ends of all sorts, concealing
himself for the time being and watching the course of
proceedings as a disinterested spectator.  He was only
looking on now, gentlemen; he, too, gentlemen, might go in,
of course . . . why should he not go in?  He had only to take
one step and he would go in, and would go in very adroitly. 
Just now, though he had been standing nearly three hours
between the cupboard and the screen in the midst of the
rubbish, litter and odds and ends of all sorts, he was only
quoting, in his own justification, a memorable phrase of the
French minister, Villesle: "All things come in time to him
who has the strength to wait."  Mr. Golyadkin had read this
sentence in some book on quite a different subject, but now
very aptly recalled it.  The phrase, to begin with, was
exceedingly appropriate to his present position, and, indeed,
why should it not occur to the mind of a man who had been
waiting for almost three hours in the cold and the dark in
expectation of a happy ending to his adventures.  After
quoting very appropriately the phrase of the French minister,
Villesle, Mr. Golyadkin immediately thought of the Turkish
Vizier, Martsimiris, as well as of the beautiful Mergravine
Luise, whose story he had read also in some book.  Then it
occurred to his mind that the Jesuits made it their rule that
any means were justified if only the end were attained. 
Fortifying himself somewhat with this historical fact, Mr.
Golyadkin said to himself, What were the Jesuits?  The
Jesuits were every one of them very great fools; that he was
better than any of them; that if only the refreshment-room
would be empty for one minute (the door of the
refreshment-room opened straight into the passage to the
back stairs, where Mr. Golyadkin was in hiding now), he
would, in spite of all the Jesuits in the world, go straight in,
first from the refreshment-room into the tea-room, then into
the room where they were now playing cards, and then
straight into the hall where they were now dancing the polka,
and he would go in - he would slip through - and that would
be all, no one would notice him; and once there he would
know what to do.
    Well, so this is the position in which we find the hero of
our perfectly true story, though, indeed, it is difficult to
explain what was passing in him at that moment.  The fact is
that he had made his way to the back of the stairs and to the
passage, on the ground that, as he said, "why shouldn't he? 
and everyone did go that way?"; but he had not ventured to
penetrate further, evidently he did not dare to do so . . . "not
because there was anything he did not dare, but just because
he did not care to, because he preferred to be in hiding"; so
here he was, waiting now for a chance to slip in, and he had
been waiting for it two hours and a half.  "Why not wait? 
Villesle himself had waited.  But what had Villesle to do
with it?" thought Mr. Golyadkin: "How does Villesle come
in?  But how am I to . . . to go and walk in? . . . Ech, you
dummy!" said Mr. Golyadkin, pinching his benumbed cheek
with his benumbed fingers; "you silly fool, you silly old
Golyadkin - silly fool of a surname!" . . .
    But these compliments paid to himself were only by the
way and without any apparent aim. Now he was on the point
of pushing forward and slipping in; the refreshment-room
was empty and no one was in sight.  Mr. Golyadkin saw all
this through the little window; in two steps he was at the door
and had already opened it.  "Should he go in or not?  Come,
should he or not?  I'll go in . . . why not? to the bold all ways
lie open!"  Reassuring himself in this way, our hero suddenly
and quite unexpectedly retreated behind the screen.  "No," he
thought.  "Ah, now, somebody's coming in?  Yes, they've
come in; why did I dawdle when there were no people about? 
Even so, shall I go and slip in? . . . No, how slip in when a
man has such a temperament!  Fie, what a low tendency! I'm
as scared as a hen!  Being scared is our special line, that's the
fact of the matter!  To be abject on every occasion is our line: 
no need to ask us about that.  Just stand here like a post and
that's all!  At home I should be having a cup of tea now . . .
It would be pleasant, too, to have a cup of tea.  If I come in
later Petrushka 'll grumble, maybe.  Shall I go home? 
Damnation take all this!  I'll go and that'll be the end of it!" 
Reflecting on his position in this way, Mr. Golyadkin dashed
forward as though some one had touched a spring in him; in
two steps he found himself in the refreshment-room, flung
off his overcoat, took off his hat, hurriedly thrust these things
into a corner, straightened himself and smoothed himself
down; then . . .then he moved on to the tea-room, and from
the tea-room darted into the next room, slipped almost
unnoticed between the card-players, who were at the tip-top
of excitement, then . . . Mr. Golyadkin forgot everything that
was going on about him, and went straight as an arrow into
the drawing room.
    As luck would have it they were not dancing.  The ladies
were promenading up and down the room in picturesque
groups.  The gentlemen were standing about in twos and
threes or flitting about the room engaging partners.  Mr.
Golyadkin noticed nothing of this.  He saw only Klara
Olsufyevna, near her Andrey Filippovitch, then Vladimir
Semyonovitch, two or three officers, and, finally, two or
three other young men who were also very interesting and, as
any one could see at once, were either very promising or had
actually done something. . . . He saw some one else too.  Or,
rather, he saw nobody and looked at nobody . . . but, moved
by the same spring which had sent him dashing into the midst
of a ball to which he had not been invited, he moved forward,
and then forwarder and forwarder.  On the way he jostled
against a councillor and trod on his foot, and incidentally
stepped on a very venerable old lady's dress and tore it a
little, pushed against a servant with a tray and then ran
against somebody else, and, not noticing all this, passing
further and further forward, he suddenly found himself facing
Klara Olsufyevna.  There is no doubt whatever that he
would, with the utmost delight, without winking an eyelid,
have sunk through the earth at that moment; but what has
once been done cannot be recalled . . . can never be recalled. 
What was he to do?  "If I fail I don't lose heart, if I succeed
I persevere."  Mr. Golyadkin was, of course, not "one to
intrigue," and "not accomplished in the art of polishing the
floor with his boots." . . . And so, indeed, it proved.  Besides,
the Jesuits had some hand in it too . . . though Mr. Golyadkin
had no thoughts to spare for them now!  All the moving,
noisy, laughing groups were suddenly hushed as though at a
signal and, little by little, crowded round Mr. Golyadkin.  He,
however, seemed to hear nothing, to see nothing, he could
not look . . . he could not possibly look at anything; he kept
his eyes on the floor and so stood, giving himself his word of
honour, in passing, to shoot himself one way or another that
night.  Making this vow, Mr. Golyadkin inwardly said to
himself, "Here goes!" and to his own great astonishment
began unexpectedly to speak.
    He began with congratulations and polite wishes.  The
congratulations went off well, but over the good wishes out
hero stammered.  He felt that if he stammered all would be
lost at once.  And so it turned out - he stammered and
floundered . . . floundering, he blushed crimson; blushing, he
was overcome with confusion.  In his confusion he raised his
eyes; raising his eyes he looked about him; looking about
him - he almost swooned . . . Every one stood still, every one
was silent, a little nearer there was laughter.  Mr. Golyadkin
fastened a humble, imploring look on Andrey Filippovitch. 
Andrey Filippovitch.  Andrey Filippovitch responded with
such a look that if our hero had not been utterly crushed
already he certainly would have been crushed a second time
- that is, if that were possible.  The silence lasted long.
    "This is rather concerned with my domestic circumstances
and my private life, Andrey Filippovitch," our hero,
half-dead, articulated in a scarcely audible voice; "it is not an
official incident, Andrey Filippovitch . . ."
    "For shame, sir, for shame!" Andrey Filippovitch
pronounced in a half whisper, with an indescribable air of
indignation; he pronounced these words and, giving Klara
Olsufyevna his arm, he turned away from Mr. Golyadkin.
    "I've nothing to be ashamed of, Andrey Filippovitch,"
answered Mr. Golyadkin, also in a whisper, turning his
miserable eyes about him, trying helplessly to discover in the
amazed crowd something on which he could gain a footing
and retrieve his social position.
    "Why, it's all right, it's nothing, gentlemen!  Why, what's
the matter?  Why, it might happen to any one," whispered
Mr. Golyadkin, moving a little away and trying to escape
from the crowd surrounding him.
    They made way for him.  Our hero passed through two
rows of inquisitive and wondering spectators.  Fate drew him
on.  He felt himself, that fate was leading him on.  He would
have given a great deal, of course, for a chance to be back in
the passage by the back stairs, without having committed a
breach of propriety; but as that was utterly impossible he
began trying to creep away into a corner and to stand there -
modestly, decorously, apart, without interfering with any
one, without attracting especial attention, but at the same
time to win the favourable notice of his host and the
company.  At the same time Mr. Golyadkin felt as though the
ground were giving way under him, as though he were
staggering, falling.  At last he made his way to a corner and
stood in it, like an unconcerned, rather indifferent spectator,
leaning his arms on the backs of two chairs, taking complete
possession of them in that way, and trying, as far as he could,
to glance confidently at Olsufy Ivanovitch's guests, grouped
about him.  Standing nearest him was an officer, a tall and
handsome fellow, beside whom Golyadkin felt himself an
    "These two chairs, lieutenant, are intended, one for Klara
Olsufyevna, and the other for Princess Tchevtchehanov; I'm
taking care of them for them," said Mr. Golyadkin
breathlessly, turning his imploring eyes on the officer.  The
lieutenant said nothing, but turned away with a murderous
smile.  Checked in this direction, our hero was about to try
his luck in another quarter, and directly addressed an
important councillor with a cross of great distinction on his
breast.  But the councillor looked him up and down with such
a frigid stare that Mr. Golyadkin felt distinctly as though a
whole bucketful of cold water had been thrown over him.  He
subsided into silence.  He made up his mind that it was better
to keep quiet, not to open his lips, and to show that he was
"all right," that he was "like every one else," and that his
position, as far as he could see, was quite a proper one.  With
this object he rivetted his gaze on the lining of his coat, ten
raised his eyes and fixed them upon a very
respectable-looking gentleman.  "That gentleman has a wig
on," thought Mr. Golyadkin; "and if he takes off that wig he
will be bald, his head will be as bare as the palm of my
hand."  Having made this important discovery, Mr.
Golyadkin thought of the Arab Emirs, whose heads are left
bare and shaven if they take off the green turbans they wear
as a sign of their descent from the prophet Mahomet.  Then,
probably from some special connection of ideas with the
Turks, he thought of Turkish slippers and at once, apropos of
that, recalled the fact that Andrey Filippovitch was wearing
boots, and that his boots were more like slippers than boots. 
It was evident that Mr. Golyadkin had become to some extent
reconciled to his position.  "What if that chandelier," flashed
through Mr. Golyadkin's mind, "were to come down from the
ceiling and fall upon the company.  I should rush at once to
save Klara Olsufyevna.  'Save her!' I should cry.  'Don't be
alarmed, madam, it's of no consequence, I will rescue you, I.'
Then . . ."  At that moment Mr. Golyadkin looked about in
search of Klara Olsufyevna, and saw Gerasimitch, Olsufy
Ivanovitch's old butler.  Gerasimitch, with a most anxious
and solemnly official air, was making straight for him.  Mr.
Golyadkin started and frowned from an unaccountable but
most disagreeable sensation; he looked about him
mechanically; it occurred to his mind that if only he could
somehow creep off somewhere, unobserved, on the sly -
simply disappear, that it, behave as though he had done
nothing at all, as though the matter did not concern him in the
least! . . . But before hour hero could make up his mind to do
anything, Gerasimitch was standing before him.
    "Do you see, Gerasimitch," said our hero, with a little
smile, addressing Gerasimitch; "you go and tell them - do
you see the candle there in the chandelier, Gerasimitch - it
will be falling down directly: so, you know, you must tell
them to see to it; it really will fall down, Gerasimitch. . . ."
    "The candle?  No, the candle's standing straight; but
somebody is asking for you, sir."
    "Who is asking for me, Gerasimitch?"
    "I really can't say, sir, who it is.  A man with a message. 
'Is Yakov Petrovitch Golyadkin here?' says he.  'Then call
him out,' says he, 'on very urgent and important business . .
.' you see."
    "No, Gerasimitch, you are making a mistake; in that you
are making a mistake, Gerasimitch."
    "I doubt it, sir."
    "No, Gerasimitch, it isn't doubtful; there's nothing doubtful
about it, Gerasimitch.  Nobody's asking for me, but I'm quite
at home here - that is, in my right place, Gerasimitch."
    Mr. Golyadkin took breath and looked about him.  Yes!
every one in the room, all had their eyes fixed upon him, and
were listening in a sort of solemn expectation.  The men had
crowded a little nearer and were all attention.  A little further
away the ladies were whispering together.  The master of the
house made his appearance at no great distance from Mr.
Golyadkin, and though it was impossible to detect from his
expression that he, too, was taking a close and direct interest
in Mr. Golyadkin's position, for everything was being done
with delicacy, yet, nevertheless, it all made our hero feel that
the decisive moment had come for him.  Mr. Golyadkin saw
clearly that the time had come for a old stroke, the chance of
putting his enemies to shame.  Mr. Golyadkin was in great
agitation.  He was aware of a sort of inspiration and, in a
quivering and impressive voice, he began again, addressing
the waiting butler -
    "No, my dear fellow, no one's calling for me.  You are
mistaken.  I will say more: you were mistaken this morning
too, when you assured me. . . . dared to assure me, I say (he
raised his voice), "that Olsufy Ivanovitch, who has been my
benefactor for as long as I can remember and has, in a sense,
been a father to me, was shutting his door upon me at the
moment of solemn family rejoicing for his paternal heart." 
(Mr. Golyadkin looked about him complacently, but with
deep feeling.  A tear glittered on his eyelash.)  "I repeat, my
friend," our hero concluded, "you were mistaken, you were
cruelly and unpardonably mistaken. . . ."
    The moment was a solemn one.  Mr. Golyadkin felt that
the effect was quite certain.  He stood with modestly
downcast eyes, expecting Olsufy Ivanovitch to embrace him. 
Excitement and perplexity were apparent in the guests, even
the inflexible and terrible Gerasimitch faltered over the
words "I doubt it . . ." when suddenly the ruthless orchestra,
apropos of nothing, struck up a polka.  All was lost, all was
scattered to the winds.  Mr. Golyadkin started; Gerasimitch
stepped back; everything in the room began undulating like
the sea; and Vladimir Semyonovitch led the dance with Klara
Olsufyevna, while the handsome lieutenant followed with
Princess Tchevtchehanov.  Onlookers, curious and delighted,
squeezed in to watch them dancing the polka - an interesting,
fashionable new dance which every one was crazy over.  Mr.
Golyadkin was, for the time, forgotten.  But suddenly all
were thrown into excitement, confusion and bustle; the music
ceased . . . a strange incident had occurred.  Tired out with
the dance, and almost breathless with fatigue, Klara
Olsufyevna, with glowing cheeks and heaving bosom, sank
into an armchair, completely exhausted . . . All hearts turned
to the fascinating creature, all vied with one another in
complimenting her and thanking her for the pleasure
conferred on them, - all at once there stood before her Mr.
Golyadkin.  He was pale, extremely perturbed; he, too,
seemed completely exhausted, he could scarcely move.  He
was smiling for some reason, he stretched out his hand
imploringly.  Klara Olsufyevna was so taken aback that she
had not time to withdraw hers and mechanically got up at his
invitation.  Mr. Golyadkin lurched forward, first once, then
a second time, then lifted his leg, then made a scrape, then
gave a sort of stamp, then stumbled . . . he, too, wanted to
dance with Klara Olsufyevna.  Klara Olsufyevna uttered a
shriek; every one rushed to release her hand from Mr.
Golyadkin's, and in a moment our hero was carried almost
ten paces away by the rush of the crowd.  A circle formed
round him too.  Two old ladies, whom he had almost
knocked down in his retreat raised a great shrieking and
outcry.  The confusion was awful; all were asking questions,
every one was shouting, every one was finding fault.  The
orchestra was silent.  Our hero whirled round in his circle
and mechanically, with a semblance of a smile, muttered
something to himself, such as, "Why not?" and "that the
polka, so far, at least, as he could see, was a new and very
interesting dance, invented for the diversion of the ladies. . .
but that since things had taken this turn, he was ready to
consent."  But Mr. Golyadkin's consent no one apparently
thought of asking.  Our hero was suddenly aware that some
one's hand was laid on his arm, that another hand was
pressed against his back, that he was with peculiar solicitude
being guided in a certain direction.  At last he noticed that he
was going straight to the door.  Mr. Golyadkin wanted to say
something, to do something. . . . But no, he no longer wanted
to do anything.  He only mechanically kept laughing in
answer.  At last he was aware that they were putting on his
greatcoat, that his hat was thrust over his eyes; finally he felt
that he was in the entry on the stairs in the dark and cold.  At
last he stumbled, he felt that he was falling down a precipice;
he tried to cry out - and suddenly he found himself in the
courtyard.  The air blew fresh on him, he stood still for a
minute; at that very instant, the strains reached him of the
orchestra striking up again.  Mr. Golyadkin suddenly recalled
it all; it seemed to him that all his flagging energies came
back to him again.  He had been standing as though rivetted
to the spot, but now he started off and rushed away headlong,
anywhere, into the air, into freedom, wherever chance might
take him.

Chapter V

It was striking midnight from all the clock towers in
Petersburg when Mr. Golyadkin, beside himself, ran out on
the Fontanka Quay, close to the Ismailovsky Bridge, fleeing
from his foes, from persecution, from a hailstorm of nips and
pinches aimed at him, from the shrieks of excited old ladies,
from the Ohs and Ahs of women and from the murderous
eyes of Andrey Filippovitch.  Mr. Golyadkin was killed -
killed entirely, in the full sense of the word, and if he still
preserved the power of running, it was simply through some
sort of miracle, a miracle in which at last he refused himself
to believe.  It was an awful November night - wet, foggy,
rainy, snowy, teeming with colds in the head, fevers, swollen
faces, quinseys, inflammations of all kinds and descriptions
- teeming, in fact, with all the gifts of a Petersburg
November.  The wind howled in the deserted streets, lifting
up the black water of the canal above the rings on the bank,
and irritably brushing against the lean lamp-posts which
chimed in with its howling in a thin, shrill creak, keeping up
the endless squeaky, jangling concert with which every
inhabitant of Petersburg is so familiar.  Snow and rain were
falling both at once.  Lashed by the wind, the streams of
rainwater spurted almost horizontally, as though from a
fireman's hose, pricking and stinging the face of the luckless
Mr. Golyadkin like a thousand pins and needles.  In the
stillness of the night, broken only by the distant rumbling of
carriages, the howl of the wind and the creaking of the
lamp-posts, there was the dismal sound of the splash and
gurgle of water, rushing from every roof, every porch, every
pipe and every cornice, on to the granite of the pavement. 
There was not a soul, near or far, and, indeed, it seemed there
could not be at such an hour and in such weather.  And so
only Mr. Golyadkin, alone with his despair, was fleeing in
terror along the pavement of Fontanka, with his usual rapid
little step, in haste to get home as soon as possible to his flat
on the fourth storey in Shestilavotchny Street.
    Though the snow, the rain, and all the nameless horrors of
a raging snowstorm and fog, under a Petersburg November
sky, were attacking Mr. Golyadkin, already shattered by
misfortunes, were showing him no mercy, giving him no rest,
drenching him to the bone, glueing up his eyelids, blowing
right through him from all sides, baffling and perplexing him
- though conspiring and combining with all his enemies to
make a grand day, evening, and night for him, in spite of all
this Mr. Golyadkin was almost insensible to this final proof
of the persecution of destiny: so violent had been the shock
and the impression made upon him a few minutes before at
the civil councillor Berendyev's!  If any disinterested
spectator could have glanced casually at Mr. Golyadkin's
painful progress, he would certainly have said that Mr.
Golyadkin looked as though he wanted to hide from himself,
as though he were trying to run away from himself!  Yes!  It
was really so.  One may say more: Mr. Golyadkin did not
want only to run away from himself, but to be obliterated, to
cease to be, to return to dust.  At the moment he took in
nothing surrounding him, understood nothing of what was
going on about him, and looked as though the miseries of the
stormy night, of the long tramp, the rain, the snow, the wind,
all the cruelty of the weather, did not exist for him.  The
golosh slipping off the boot on Mr. Golyadkin's right foot
was left behind in the snow and slush on the pavement of
Fontanka, and Mr. Golyadkin did not think of turning back
to get it, did not, in fact, notice that he had lost it.  He was so
perplexed that, in spite of everything surrounding him, he
stood several times stock still in the middle of the pavement,
completely possessed by the thought of his recent horrible
humiliation; at that instant he was dying, disappearing; then
he suddenly set off again like mad and ran and ran without
looking back, as though he were pursued, as though he were
fleeing from some still more awful calamity. . . . The position
was truly awful! . . . At last Mr. Golyadkin halted in
exhaustion, leaned on the railing in the attitude of a man
whose nose has suddenly begun to bleed, and began looking
intently at the black and troubled waters of the canal.  All
that is known is that at that instant Mr. Golyadkin reached
such a pitch of despair, was so harassed, so tortured, so
exhausted, and so weakened in what feeble faculties were left
him that he forgot everything, forgot the Ismailovsky Bridge,
forgot Shestilavotchny Street, forgot his present plight . . .
After all, what did it matter to him?  The thing was done. 
The decision was affirmed and ratified; what could he do? 
All at once . . . all at once he started and involuntarily
skipped a couple of paces aside.  With unaccountable
uneasiness he bean gazing about him; but no one was there,
nothing special had happened, and yet . . . and yet he fancied
that just now, that very minute, some one was standing near
him, beside him, also leaning on the railing, and - marvellous
to relate! - had even said something to him, said something
quickly, abruptly, not quite intelligibly, but something quite
private, something concerning himself.
    "Why, was it my fancy?" said Mr. Golyadkin, looking
round once more.  "But where am I standing? . . . Ech, ech,"
he thought finally, shaking his head, though he began gazing
with an uneasy, miserable feeling into the damp, murky
distance, straining his sight and doing his utmost to pierce
with his short-sighted  eyes the wet darkness that stretched
all round him.  There was nothing new, however, nothing
special caught the eye of Mr. Golyadkin.  Everything seemed
to be all right, as it should be, that is, the snow was falling
more violently, more thickly and in larger flakes, nothing
could be seen twenty paces away, the lamp-posts creaked
more shrilly than ever and the wind seemed to intone its
melancholy song even more tearfully, more piteously, like an
importunate beggar whining for a copper to get a crust of
bread.  At the same time a new sensation took possession of
Mr. Golyadkin's whole being: agony upon agony, terror upon
terror . . . a feverish tremor ran through his veins.  The
moment was insufferably unpleasant!  "Well, no matter;
perhaps it's no matter at all, and there's no stain on any one's
honour.  Perhaps it's as it should be," he went on, without
understanding what he was saying.  "Perhaps it will al be for
the best in the end, and there will be nothing to complain of,
and every one will be justified."
    Talking like this and comforting himself with words, Mr.
Golyadkin shook himself a little, shook off the snow which
had drifted in thick layers on his hat, his collar, his overcoat,
his tie, his boots and everything - but his strange feeling, his
strange obscure misery he could not get rid of, could not
shake off.  Somewhere in the distance there was the boom of
a cannon shot.  "Ach, what weather!" thought our hero.
"Tchoo! isn't there going to be a flood?  It seems as though
the water has risen so violently."
    Mr. Golyadkin had hardly said or thought this when he
saw a person coming towards him, belated, no doubt, like
him, through some accident.  An unimportant, casual
incident, one might suppose, but for some unknown reason
Mr. Golyadkin was troubled, even scared, and rather flurried. 
It was not that he was exactly afraid of some ill-intentioned
man, but just that "perhaps . . . after all, who knows, this
belated individual," flashed through Mr. Golyadkin's mind,
"maybe he's that very thing, maybe he's the very principal
thing in it, and isn't here for nothing, but is here with an
object, crossing my path and provoking me."  Possibly,
however, he did not think this precisely, but only had a
passing feeling of something like it - and very unpleasant. 
There was no time, however, for thinking and feeling.  The
stranger was already within two paces.  Mr. Golyadkin, as he
invariably did, hastened to assume a quite peculiar air, an air
that expressed clearly that he, Golyadkin, kept himself to
himself, that he was "all right," that the road was wide
enough for all, and that he, Golyadkin, was not interfering
with any one.  Suddenly he stopped short as though petrified,
as though struck by lightning, and quickly turned round after
the figure which had only just passed him - turned as though
some one had given him a tug from behind, as though the
wind had turned him like a weathercock.  The passer-by
vanished quickly in the snowstorm.  He, too, walked quickly;
he was dressed like Mr. Golyadkin and, like him, too,
wrapped up from head to foot, and he, too, tripped and
trotted along the pavement of Fontanka with rapid little steps
that suggested that he was a little scared.
    "What - what is it?" whispered Mr. Golyadkin, smiling
mistrustfully, though he trembled all over.  An icy shiver ran
down his back.  Meanwhile, the stranger had vanished
completely; there was no sound of his step, while Mr.
Golyadkin still stood and gazed after him.  At last, however,
he gradually came to himself.
    "Why, what's the meaning of it?" he thought with
vexation.  "Why, have I really gone out of my mind, or
what?" He turned and went on his way, making his footsteps
more rapid and frequent, and doing his best not to think of
anything at all.  He even closed his eyes at last with the same
object.  Suddenly, through the howling of the wind and the
uproar of the storm, the sound of steps very close at hand
reached his ears again.  He started and opened his eyes. 
Again a rapidly approaching figure stood out black before
him, some twenty paces away.  This little figure was
hastening, tripping along, hurrying nervously; the distance
between them grew rapidly less.  Mr. Golyadkin could by
now get a full view of the second belated companion.  He
looked full at him and cried out with amazement and horror;
his legs gave way under him.  It was the same individual who
had passed him ten minutes before, and who now quite
unexpectedly turned up facing him again.  But this was not
the only marvel that struck Mr. Golyadkin.  He was so
amazed that he stood still, cried out, tried to say something,
and rushed to overtake the stranger, even shouted something
to him, probably anxious to stop him as quickly as possible. 
The stranger did, in fact, stop ten paces from Mr. Golyadkin,
so that the light from the lamp-post that stood near fell full
upon his whole figure - stood still, turned to Mr. Golyadkin,
and with impatient and anxious face waited to hear what he
would say.
    "Excuse me, possibly I'm mistaken," our hero brought out
in a quavering voice.
    The stranger in silence, and with an air of annoyance,
turned and rapidly went on his way, as though in haste to
make up for the two seconds he had wasted on Mr.
Golyadkin.  As for the latter, he was quivering in every
nerve, his knees shook and gave way under him, and with a
moan he squatted on a stone at the edge of the pavement. 
There really was reason, however, for his being so
overwhelmed.  The fact is that this stranger seemed to him
somehow familiar.  That would have been nothing, though. 
But he recognised, almost certainly recognised this man.  He
had often seen him, that man, had seen him some time, and
very lately too; where could it have been?  Surely not
yesterday?  But, again, that was not the chief thing that Mr.
Golyadkin had often seen him before; there was hardly
anything special about the man; the man at first sight would
not have aroused any special attention.  He was just a man
like any one else, a gentleman like all other gentlemen, of
course, and perhaps he had some good qualities and very
valuable one too - in fact, he was a man who was quite
himself.  Mr. Golyadkin cherished no sort of hatred or
enmity, not even the slightest hostility towards this man -
quite the contrary, it would seem, indeed - and yet (and this
was the real point) he would not for any treasure on earth
have been willing to meet that man, and especially to meet
him as he had done now, for instance.  We may say more:
Mr. Golyadkin knew that man perfectly well: he even knew
what he was called, what his name was; and yet nothing
would have induced him, and again, for no treasure on earth
would he have consented to name him, to consent to
acknowledge that he was called so-and-so, that his father's
name was this and his surname was that.  Whether Mr.
Golyadkin's stupefaction lasted a short time or a long time,
whether he was sitting for a long time on the stone of the
pavement I cannot say; but, recovering himself a little at last,
he suddenly fall to running, without looking round, as fast as
his legs could carry him; his mind was preoccupied, twice he
stumbled and almost fell - and through this circumstance his
other boot was also bereaved of its golosh.  At last Mr.
Golyadkin slackened his pace a little to get breath, looked
hurriedly round and saw that he had already, without being
aware of it, run passed part of the Nevsky Prospect and was
now standing at the turning into Liteyny Street.  Mr.
Golyadkin turned into Liteyny Street.  His position at that
instant was like that of a man standing at the edge of a fearful
precipice, while the earth is bursting open under him, is
already shaking, moving, rocking for the last time, falling,
drawing him into the abyss, and yet, the luckless wretch has
not the strength, nor the resolution, to leap back, to avert his
eyes from the yawning gulf below; the abyss draws him and
at last he leaps into it of himself, himself hastening the
moment of destruction.  Mr. Golyadkin knew, felt and was
firmly convinced that some other evil would certainly befall
him on the way, that some unpleasantness would overtake
him, that he would, for instance, meet his stranger once
more: but - strange to say, he positively desired this meeting,
considered it inevitable, and all he asked was that it might all
be quickly over, that he should be relieved from his position
in one way or another, but as soon as possible.  And
meanwhile he ran on and on, as though moved by some
external force, for he felt a weakness and numbness in his
whole being: he could not think of anything, though his
thoughts caught at everything like brambles.  A little lost
dog, soaked and shivering, attached itself to Mr. Golyadkin,
and ran beside him, scurrying along with tail and ears
drooping, looking at him from time to time with timid
comprehension.  Some remote, long-forgotten idea - some
memory of something that had happened long ago - came
back into his mind now, kept knocking at his brain as with a
hammer, vexing him and refusing to be shaken off.
    "Ech, that horrid little cur!" whispered Mr. Golyadkin, not
understanding himself.
    At last he saw his stranger at the turning into Italyansky
Street.  But this time the stranger was not coming to meet
him, but was running in the same direction as he was, and he,
too, was running, a few steps in front.  At last they turned
into Shestilavotchny Street.
    Mr. Golyadkin caught his breath.  The stranger stopped
exactly before the house in which Mr. Golyadkin lodged.  He
heard a ring at the bell and almost at the same time the
grating of the iron bolt.  The gate opened, the stranger
stooped, darted in and disappeared.  Almost at the same
instant Mr. Golyadkin reached the spot and like an arrow
flew in at the gate.  Heedless of the grumbling porter, he ran,
gasping for breath, into the yard, and immediately saw his
interesting companion, whom he had lost sight of for a
    The stranger darted towards the staircase which led to Mr.
Golyadkin's flat.  Mr. Golyadkin rushed after him. The stairs
were dark, damp and dirt.  At every turning there were
heaped-up masses of refuse from the flats, so that any
unaccustomed stranger who found himself on the stairs in the
dark was forced to travel to and fro for half an hour in danger
of breaking his legs, cursing the stairs as well as the friends
who lived in such an inconvenient place.  But Mr.
Golyadkin's companion seemed as though familiar with it, as
though at home; he ran up lightly, without difficulty,
showing a perfect knowledge of his surroundings.  Mr.
Golyadkin had almost caught him up; in fact, once or twice
the stranger's coat flicked him on the nose.  His heart stood
still.  The stranger stopped before the door of Mr.
Golyadkin's flat, knocked on it, and (which would, however,
have surprised Mr. Golyadkin at any other time) Petrushka,
as though he had been sitting up in expectation, opened the
door at once and, with a candle in his hand, followed the
strange as the latter went in.  The hero of our story dashed
into his lodging beside himself; without taking off his hat or
coat he crossed the little passage and stood still in the
doorway of his room, as though thunderstruck.  All his
presentiments had come true.  All that he had dreaded and
surmised was coming to pass in reality.  His breath failed
him, his head was in a whirl.  The stranger, also in his coat
and hat, was sitting before him on his bed, and with a faint
smile, screwing up his eyes, nodded to him in a friendly way. 
Mr. Golyadkin wanted to scream, but could not - to protest
in some way, but his strength failed him.  His hair stood on
end, and he almost fell down with horror.  And, indeed, there
was good reason.  He recognised his nocturnal visitor.  The
nocturnal visitor was no other than himself - Mr. Golyadkin
himself, another Mr. Golyadkin, but absolutely the same as
himself - in fact, what is called a double in every respect. . .

Chapter VI

At eight o'clock next morning Mr. Golyadkin woke up in his
bed.  At once all the extraordinary incidents of the previous
day and the wild, incredible night, with all its almost
impossible adventures, presented themselves to his
imagination and memory with terrifying vividness.  Such
intense, diabolical malice on the part of his enemies, and,
above all, the final proof of that malice, froze Mr.
Golyadkin's heart.  But at the same time it was all so strange,
incomprehensible, wild, it seemed so impossible, that it was
really hard to credit the whole business; Mr. Golyadkin was,
indeed, ready to admit himself that it was all an incredible
delusion, a passing aberration of the fancy, a darkening of the
mind, if he had not fortunately known by bitter experience to
what lengths spite will sometimes carry any one, what a pitch
of ferocity an enemy may reach when he is bent on revenging
his honour and prestige.  Besides, Mr. Golyadkin's exhausted
limbs, his heavy head, his aching back, and the malignant
cold in his head bore vivid witness to the probability of his
expedition of the previous night and upheld the reality of it,
and to some extent of all that had happened during that
expedition.  And, indeed, Mr. Golyadkin had known long,
long before that something was being got up among them,
that there was some one else with them.  But after all,
thinking it over thoroughly, he made up his mind to keep
quiet, to submit and not to protest for the time.
    "They are simply plotting to frighten me, perhaps, and
when they see that I don't mind, that I make no protest, but
keep perfectly quiet and put up with it meekly, they'll give it
up, they'll give it up of themselves, give it up of their own
    Such, then, were the thoughts in the mind of Mr.
Golyadkin as, stretching in his bed, trying to rest his
exhausted limbs, he waited for Petrushka to come into his
room as usual . . . He waited for a full quarter of an hour.  He
heard the lazy scamp fiddling about with the samovar behind
the screen, and yet he could not bring himself to call him. 
We may say more: Mr. Golyadkin was a little afraid of
confronting Petrushka.
    "Why, goodness knows," he thought, "goodness knows
how that rascal looks at it all.  He keeps on saying nothing,
but he has his own ideas."
    At last the door creaked and Petrushka came in with a tray
in his hands.  Mr. Golyadkin stole a timid glance at him,
impatiently waiting to see what would happen, waiting to see
whether he would not say something about a certain
circumstance.  But Petrushka said nothing; he was, on the
contrary, more silent, more glum and ill-humoured than
usual; he looked askance from under his brows at everything;
altogether it was evident that he was very much put out about
something; he did not even once glance at his master, which,
by the way, rather piqued the latter.  Setting all he had
brought on the table, he turned and went out of the room
without a word.
    "He knows, he knows, he knows all about it, the
scoundrel!" Mr. Golyadkin grumbled to himself as he took
his tea.  Yet out hero did not address a single question to his
servant, though Petrushka came into his room several times
afterwards on various errands.  Mr. Golyadkin was in great
trepidation of spirit.  He dreaded going to the office.  He had
a strong presentiment that there he would find something that
would not be "just so."
    "You may be sure," he thought, "that as soon as you go
you will light upon something!  Isn't it better to endure in
patience?  Isn't it better to wait a bit now?  Let them do what
they like there; but I'd better stay here a bit today, recover my
strength, get better, and think over the whole affair more
thoroughly, then afterwards I could seize the right moment,
fall upon them like snow from the sky, and get off scot free
    Reasoning like this, Mr. Golyadkin smoked pipe after
pipe; time was flying. It was already nearly half-past nine.
    "Why, it's half-past nine already," thought Mr. Golyadkin;
"it's late for me to make my appearance.  Besides, I'm ill, of
course I'm ill, I'm certainly ill; who denies it?  What's the
matter with me?  If they send to make inquiries, let the
executive clerk come; and, indeed, what is the mater with me
really?  Mr back aches, I have a cough, and a cold in my
head; and, in fact, it's out of the question for me to go out,
utterly out of the question in such weather.  I might be taken
ill and, very likely, die; nowadays especially the death-rate
is so high . . ."
    With such reasoning Mr. Golyadkin succeeded at last in
setting his conscience at rest, and defended himself against
the reprimands he expected from Andrey Filippovitch for
neglect of his duty.  As a rule in such cases our hero was
particularly fond of justifying himself in his own eyes with
all sorts of irrefutable arguments, and so completely setting
his conscience at rest.  And so now, having completely
soothed his conscience, he took up his pipe, filled it, and had
no sooner settled down comfortably to smoke, when he
jumped up quickly from the sofa, flung away the pipe,
briskly washed, shaved, and brushed his hair, got into his
uniform and so on, snatched up some papers, and flew to the
    Mr. Golyadkin went into his department timidly, in
quivering expectation of something unpleasant - an
expectation which was none the less disagreeable for being
vague and unconscious; he sat timidly down in his invariable
place next the head clerk, Anton Antonovitch Syetotchkin. 
Without looking at anything or allowing his attention to be
distracted, he plunged into the contents of the papers that lay
before him.  He made up his mind and vowed to himself to
avoid, as far as possible, anything provocative, anything that
might compromise him, such as indiscreet questions, jests, or
unseemly allusions to any incidents of the previous evening;
he made up his mind also to abstain from the usual
interchange of civilities with his colleagues, such as inquiries
after health and such like.  But evidently it was impossible,
out of the question, to keep to this.  Anxiety and uneasiness
in regard to anything near him that was annoying always
worried him far more than the annoyance itself.  And that
was why, in spite of his inward vows to refrain from entering
into anything, whatever happened, and to keep aloof from
everything, Mr. Golyadkin from time to time, on the sly,
very, very quietly, raised his head and stealthily looked about
him to right and to left, peeped at the countenances of his
colleagues, and tried to gather whether there were not
something new and particular in them referring to himself
and with sinister motives concealed from him.  He assumed
that there must be a connection between all that had
happened yesterday and all that surrounded him now.  At
last, in his misery, he began to long for something - goodness
knows what - to happen to put an end to it - even some
calamity - he did not care.  At this point destiny caught Mr.
Golyadkin: he had hardly felt this desire when his doubts
were solved in the strange and most unexpected manner.
    The door leading from the next room suddenly gave a soft
and timid creak, as though to indicate that the person about
to enter was a very unimportant one, and a figure, very
familiar to Mr. Golyadkin, stood shyly before the very table
at which our hero was seated.  The latter did not raise his
head - no, he only stole a glance at him, the tiniest glance;
but he knew all, he understood all, to every detail.  He grew
hot with shame, and buried his devoted head in his papers
with precisely the same object with which the ostrich,
pursued by hunters, hides his head in the burning sand.  The
new arrival bowed to Andrey Filippovitch, and thereupon he
heard a voice speaking in the regulation tone of
condescending tone of politeness with which all persons in
authority address their subordinates in public offices.
    "Take a seat here." said Andrey Filippovitch, motioning
the newcomer to Anton Antonovitch's table.  "Here, opposite
Mr. Golyadkin, and we'll soon give you something to do."
    Andrey Filippovitch ended by making a rapid gesture that
decorously admonished the newcomer of his duty, and then
he immediately became engrossed in the study of the papers
that lay in a heap before him.
    Mr. Golyadkin lifted his eyes at last, and that he did not
fall into a swoon was simply because he had foreseen it all
from the first, that he had been forewarned from the first,
guessing in his soul who the stranger was.  Mr. Golyadkin's
first movement was to look quickly about him, to see
whether there were any whispering, any office joke being
cracked on the subject, whether any one's face was agape
with wonder, whether, indeed, some one had not fallen under
the table from terror.  But to his intense astonishment there
was no sign of anything of the sort.  The behaviour of his
colleagues and companions surprised him.  It seemed
contrary to the dictates of common sense.  Mr. Golyadkin
was positively scared at this extraordinary reticent.  The fact
spoke for itself; it was a strange, horrible, uncanny thing.  It
was enough to rouse any one.  All this, of course, only passed
rapidly through Mr. Golyadkin's mind.  He felt as though he
were burning in a slow fire.  And, indeed, there was enough
to make him.  The figure that was sitting opposite Mr.
Golyadkin now was his terror, was his shame, was him
nightmare of the evening before; in short, was Mr. Golyadkin
himself, not the Mr. Golyadkin who was sitting now in his
chair with his mouth wide open and his pen petrified in his
hand, not the one who acred as assistant to his chief, not the
one who liked to efface himself and slink away in the crowd,
not the one whose deportment plainly said, "Don't touch me
and I won't touch you," or, "Don't interfere with me, you see
I'm not touching you"; no, this was another Mr. Golyadkin,
quite different, yet at the same time, exactly like the first -
the same height, the same figure, the same clothes, the same
baldness; in fact, nothing, absolutely nothing, was lacking to
complete the likeness, so that if one were to set them side by
side, nobody, absolutely nobody, could have undertaken to
distinguish which was the real Mr. Golyadkin and which was
the new one, which was the original and which was the copy.
    Our hero was - if the comparison can be made - in the
position of a man upon whom some practical joker has
stealthily, by way of jest, turned a burning glass.
    "What does it mean?  Is it a dream?" he wondered.  "Is it
reality or the continuation of what happened yesterday?  And
besides, by what right is this all being done?  Who
sanctioned such a clerk, who authorized this?  Am I asleep,
am I in a waking dream?"
    Mr. Golyadkin tried pinching himself, even tried to screw
up his courage to pinch some one else . . . No, it was not a
dream and that was all about it.  Mr. Golyadkin felt that the
sweat was trickling down him in big drops; he felt that what
was happening to him was something incredible, unheard of,
and for that very reason was, to complete his misery, utterly
unseemly, for Mr. Golyadkin realized and felt how
disadvantageous it was to be the first example of such a
burlesque adventure.  He even began to doubt his own
existence, and though he was prepared for anything and had
been longing for his doubts to be settled in any way
whatever, yet the actual reality was startling in its
unexpectedness.  His misery was poignant and
overwhelming.  At times he lost all power of thought and
memory.  Coming to himself after such a moment, he noticed
that he was mechanically and unconsciously moving the pen
over the paper.  Mistrustful of himself, he began going over
what he had written - and could make nothing of it.  At last
the other Mr. Golyadkin, who had been sitting discreetly and
decorously at the table, got up and disappeared through the
door into the other room.  Mr. Golyadkin looked around -
everything was quiet; he heard nothing but the scratching of
pens, the rustle of turning over pages, and conversation in the
corners furthest from Andrey Filippovitch's seat.  Mr.
Golyadkin looked at Anton Antonovitch, and as, in all
probability, our hero's countenance fully reflected his real
condition and harmonized with the whole position, and was
consequently, from one point of view, very remarkable,
good-natured Anton Antonovitch, laying aside his pen,
inquired after his health with marked sympathy.
    "I'm very well, thank God, Anton Antonovitch," said Mr.
Golyadkin, stammering.  "I am perfectly well, Anton
Antonovitch.  I am all right now, Anton Antonovitch," he
added uncertainly, not yet fully trusting Anton Antonovitch,
whose name he had mentioned so often.
    "I fancied you were not quite well: though that's not to be
wondered at; no, indeed!  Nowadays especially there's such
a lot of illness going about.  Do you know . . ."
    "Yes, Anton Antonovitch, I know there is such a lot of
illness . . . I did not mean that, Anton Antonovitch," Mr.
Golyadkin went on, looking intently at Anton Antonovitch. 
"You see, Anton Antonovitch, I don't even know how you,
that is, I mean to say, how to approach this matter, Anton
Antonovitch. . . ."
    "How so? I really . . . do you know . . . I must confess I
don't quite understand; you must . . . you must explain, you
know, in what way you are in difficulties," said Anton
Antonovitch, beginning to be in difficulties himself, seeing
that there were actually tears in Mr. Golyadkin's eyes.
    "Really, Anton Antonovitch . . . I . . . here . . . there's a
clerk here, Anton Antonovitch . . ."
    "Well!  I don't understand now."
    "I mean to say, Anton Antonovitch, there's a new clerk
    "Yes, there is; a namesake of yours."
    "What?" cried Mr. Golyadkin.
    "I say a namesake of yours; his name's Golyadkin too. 
Isn't he a brother of yours?"
    "No, Anton Antonovitch, I . . ."
    "H'm! you don't say so!  Why, I thought he must be a
relation of yours.  Do you know, there's a sort of family
    Mr. Golyadkin was petrified with astonishment, and for
the moment he could not speak.  To treat so lightly such a
horrible, unheard-of thing, a thing undeniably rare and
curious in its way, a thing which would have amazed even an
unconcerned spectator, to talk of a family resemblance when
he could see himself as in a looking-glass!
    "Do you know, Yakov Petrovitch, what I advise you to
do?" Anton Antonovitch went on.  "Go and consult a doctor. 
Do you know, you look somehow quite unwell.  You eyes
look peculiar . . . you know, there's a peculiar expression in
    "No, Anton Antonovitch, I feel, of course . . . that is, I
keep wanting to ask about this clerk."
    "That is, have not you noticed, Anton Antonovitch,
something peculiar about him, something very marked?"
    "That is . . . ?"
    "That is, I mean, Anton Antonovitch, a striking likeness
with somebody, for instance; with me, for instance?  You
spoke just now, you see, Anton Antonovitch, of a family
likeness.  You let slip the remark. . . . You know there really
are sometimes twins exactly alike, like two drops of water, so
that they can't be told apart.  Well, it's that that I mean."
    "To be sure," said Anton Antonovitch, after a moment's
thought, speaking as though he were struck by the fact for the
first time: "yes, indeed!  You are right, there is a striking
likeness, and you are quite right in what you say.  You really
might be mistaken for one another," he went on, opening his
eyes wider and wider; "and, do you know, Yakov Petrovitch,
it's positively a marvellous likeness, fantastic, in fact, as the
saying is; that is, just as you . . . Have you observed, Yakov
Petrovitch?  I wanted to ask you to explain it; yes, I must
confess I didn't take particular notice at first.  It's wonderful,
it's really wonderful!  And, you know, you are not a native of
these parts, are you, Yakov Petrovitch?"
    "He is not from these parts, you know, either.  Perhaps he
comes from the same part of the country as you do.  Where,
may I make bold to inquire, did your mother live for the most
    "You said . . . you say, Anton Antonovitch, that he is not
a native of these parts?"
    "No, he is not.  And indeed how strange it is!" continued
the talkative Anton Antonovitch, for whom it was a genuine
treat to gossip.  "It may well arouse curiosity; and yet, you
know, you might pass him by, brush against him, without
noticing anything.  But you mustn't be upset about it.  It's a
thing that does happen.  Do you know, the same thing, I must
tell you, happened to my aunt on my mother's side; she saw
her own double before her death . . ."
    "No, I - excuse me for interrupting you, Anton
Antonovitch - I wanted to find out, Anton Antonovitch, how
that clerk . . . that is, on what footing is he here?"
    "In the place of Semyon Ivanovitch, to fill the vacancy left
by his death; the post was vacant, so he was appointed.  Do
you know, I'm told poor Semyon Ivanovitch left three
children, all tiny dots.  The widow fell at the feet of his
Excellency.  They do say she's hiding something; she's got a
bit of money, but she's hiding it."
    "No, Anton Antonovitch, I was still referring to that
    "You mean . . .?  To be sure!  But why are you so
interested in that?  I tell you not to upset yourself.  All this is
temporary to some extent.  Why, after all, you know, you
have nothing to do with it.  So it has been ordained by God
Almighty, it's His will, and it is sinful repining.  His wisdom
is apparent in it.  And as far as I can make out, Yakov
Petrovitch, you are not to blame in any way.  There are all
sorts of strange things in the world!  Mother Nature is liberal
with her gifts, and you are not called upon to answer for it,
you won't be responsible.  Here, for instance, you have heard,
I expect, of those - what's their name? - oh, the Siamese
twins who are joined together at the back, live and eat and
sleep together.  I'm told they get a lot of money."
    "Allow me, Anton Antonovitch . . ."
    "I understand, I understand!  Yes!  But what of it?  It's no
matter, I tell you, ad far as I can see there's nothing for you
to upset yourself about.  After all, he's a clerk - as a clerk he
seems to be a capable man.  He says his name is Golyadkin,
that he's not a native of this district, and that he's a titular
councillor.  He had a personal interview with his
   "And how did his Excellency . . .?"
    "It was all right; I am told he gave a satisfactory account
of himself, gave his reasons, said, 'It's like this, your
Excellency,' and that he was without means and anxious to
enter the service, and would be particularly flattered to be
serving under his Excellency . . . all that was proper, you
know; he expressed himself neatly.  He must be a sensible
man.  But of course he came with a recommendation; he
couldn't have got in without that . . ."
    "Oh, from whom . . . that is, I mean, who is it has had a
hand in this shameful business?"
    "Yes, a good recommendation, I'm told; his Excellency,
I'm told laughed with Andrey Filippovitch."
    "Laughed with Andrey Filippovitch?"
    "Yes, he only just smiled and said that it was all right, and
that he had nothing against it, so long as he did his duty . . ."
    "Well, and what more?  You relieve me to some extent,
Anton Antonovitch; go on, I entreat you."
    "Excuse me, I must tell you again . . . Well, then, come,
it's nothing, it's a very simple matter; you mustn't upset
yourself, I tell you, and there's nothing suspicious about it. .
. ."
    "No.  I . . . that is, Anton Antonovitch, I want to ask you,
didn't his Excellency say anything more . . .about me, for
    "Well!  To be sure!  No, nothing of the sort; you can set
your mind quite at rest.  You know it is, of course, a rather
striking circumstance, and at first . . .why, here, I, for
instance, I scarcely noticed it.  I really don't know why I
didn't notice it till you mentioned it.  But you can set your
mind at rest entirely.  He said nothing particular, absolutely
nothing," added good-natured Anton Antonovitch, getting up
from his chair.
    "So then, Anton, Antonovitch, I . . ."
    "Oh, you must excuse me.  Here I've been gossiping about
these trivial matters, and I've business that is important and
urgent.  I must inquire about it."
    "Anton Antonovitch!"  Andrey Filippovitch's voice
sounded, summoning him politely, "his Excellency has been
asking for you."
    "This minute, I'm coming this minute, Andrey
Filippovitch."  And Anton Antonovitch, taking a pile of
papers, flew off first to Andrey Filippovitch and then into his
Excellency's room.
    "Then what is the meaning of it?" thought Mr. Golyadkin. 
"Is there some sort of game going on?  So the wind's in that
quarter now . . . That's just as well; so things have taken a
much pleasanter turn," our hero said to himself, rubbing his
hands, and so delighted that he scarcely knew where he was. 
"So our position is an ordinary thing.  So it turns out to be all
nonsense, it comes to nothing at all.  No one has done
anything really, and they are not budging, the rascals, they
are sitting busy over their work; that's splendid, splendid!  I
like the good-natured fellow, I've always liked him, and I'm
always ready to respect him . . . though it must be said one
doesn't know what to think; this Anton Antonovitch . . . I'm
afraid to trust him; his hair's grey, and he's getting shaky.  It's
an immense and glorious thing that his Excellency said
nothing, and let it pass!  It's a good thing!  I approve!  Only
why does Andrey Filippovitch interfere with his grins? 
What's he got to do with it?  The old rogue.  Always on my
track, always, like a black cat, on the watch to run across a
man's path, always thwarting and annoying a man, always
annoying and thwarting a man . . ."
    Mr. Golyadkin looked around him again, and again his
hopes revived.  Yet he felt that he was troubled by one
remote idea, an unpleasant idea.  It even occurred to him that
he might try somehow to make up to the clerks, to be the first
in the field even (perhaps when leaving the office or going up
to them as though about his work), to drop a hint in the
course of conversation, saying, "This is how it is, what a
striking likeness, gentlemen, a strange circumstance, a
burlesque farce!" - that is, treat it all lightly, and in this way
sound the depth of the danger.  "Devils breed in still waters,"
our hero concluded inwardly.
    Mr. Golyadkin, however, only contemplated this; he
thought better of it in time.  He realized that this would be
going too far.  "That's your temperament," he said to himself,
tapping himself lightly on the forehead; "as soon as you gain
anything you are delighted!  You're a simple soul!  No, you
and I had better be patient, Yakov Petrovitch; let us wait and
be patient!"
    Nevertheless, as we have mentioned already, Mr.
Golyadkin was buoyed up with the most confident hopes,
feeling as though he had risen from the dead.
    "No matter," he thought, "it's as though a hundred tons had
been lifted off my chest!  Here is a circumstance, to be sure! 
The box has been opened by the lid.  Krylov is right, a clever
chap, a rogue, that Krylov, and a great fable-write!  And as
for him, let him work in the office, and good luck to him so
long as he doesn't meddle or interfere with any one; let him
work in the office - I consent and approve!"
    Meanwhile the hours were passing, flying by, and before
he noticed the time it struck four.  The office was closed. 
Andrey Filippovitch took his hat, and all followed his
example in due course.  Mr. Golyadkin dawdled a little on
purpose, long enough to be the last to go out when all the
others had gone their several ways.  Going out from the street
he felt as though he were in Paradise, so that he even felt
inclined to go a longer way round, and to walk along the
Nevsky Prospect.
    "To be sure this is destiny," thought our hero, "this
unexpected turn in affairs.  And the weather's more cheerful,
and the frost and the little sledges.  And the frost suits the
Russian, the Russian gets on capitally with the frost.  I like
the Russian.  And the dear little snow, and the first few flakes
in autumn; the sportsman would say, 'It would be nice to go
shooting hares in the first snow.'  Well, there, it doesn't
    This was how Mr. Golyadkin's enthusiasm found
expression.  Yet something was fretting in his brain, not
exactly melancholy, but at times he had such a gnawing at his
heart that he did not know how to find relief.
    "Let us wait for the day, though, and then we shall rejoice. 
And, after all, you know, what does it matter?  Come, let us
think it over, let us look at it.  Come, let us consider it, my
young friend, let us consider it.  Why, a man's exactly like
you in the first place, absolutely the same.  Well, what is
there in that?  If there is such a man, why should I weep over
it?  What is it to me?  I stand aside, I whistle to myself, and
that's all!  That's what I laid myself open to, and that's all
about it!  Let him work in the office!  Well, it's strange and
marvellous, they say, that the Siamese twins . . . But why
bring in Siamese twins?  They are twins, of course, but even
great men, you know, sometimes look queer creatures.  In
fact, we know from history that the famous Suvorov used to
crow like a cock . . . But there, he did all that with political
motives; and he was a great general . . .but what are generals,
after all?  But I keep myself to myself, that's all, and I don't
care about any one else, and, secure in my innocence, I scorn
my enemies.  I am not one to intrigue, and I'm proud of it. 
Gentle, straightforward, neat and nice, meek and mild."
    All at once Mr. Golyadkin broke off, his tongue failed him
and he began trembling like a leaf; he even closed his eyes
for a minute.  Hoping, however, that the object of his terror
was only an illusion, he opened his eyes at last and stole a
timid glance to the right.  No, it was not an illusion! . . . His
acquaintance of that morning was tripping along by his side,
smiling, peeping into his face, and apparently seeking an
opportunity to begin a conversation with him.  The
conversation was not begun, however.  They both walked
like this for about fifty paces.  All Mr. Golyadkin's efforts
were concentrated on muffling himself up, hiding himself in
his coat and pulling his hat down as far as possible over his
eyes.  To complete his mortification, his companion's coat
and hat looked as though they had been taken off Mr.
Golyadkin himself.
    "Sir," our hero articulated at last, trying to speak almost in
a whisper, and not looking at his companion, "we are going
different ways, I believe . . . I am convinced of it, in fact," he
said, after a pause.  "I am convinced, indeed, that you quite
understand me," he added, rather severely, in conclusion.
    "I could have wished . . ." his companion pronounced at
last, "I could have wished . . . no doubt you will be
magnanimous and pardon me . . . I don't know to whom to
address myself here . . . my circumstances . . . I trust you will
pardon my intrusiveness.  I fancied, indeed, that, moved by
compassion, you showed some interest in me this morning. 
On my side, I felt drawn to you from the first moment.  I . .
    At this point Mr. Golyadkin inwardly wished that his
companion might sink into the earth.
    "If I might venture to hope that you would accord me an
indulgent hearing, Yakov Petrovitch . . ."
    "We - here, we - we . . . you had better come home with
me," answered Mr. Golyadkin.  "We will cross now to the
other side of the Nevsky Prospect, it will be more convenient
for us there, and then by the little back street . . . we'd better
go by the back street."
    "Very well, by all means let us go by the back street," our
hero's meek companion responded timidly, suggesting by the
tone of his reply that it was not for him to choose, and that in
his position he was quite prepared to accept the back street. 
As for Mr. Golyadkin, he was utterly unable to grasp what
was happening to him.  He could not believe in himself.  He
could not get over his amazement.

Chapter VII

He recovered himself a little on the staircase as he went up to
his flat.
    "Oh, I'm a sheep's head," he railed at himself inwardly. 
"Where am I taking him?  I am thrusting my head into the
noose.  What will Petrushka think, seeing us together?  What
will the scoundrel dare to imagine now?  He's suspicious . .
    But it was too late to regret it.  Mr. Golyadkin knocked at
the door; it was opened, and Petrushka began taking off the
visitor's coat as well as his master's.  Mr. Golyadkin looked
askance, just stealing a glance at Petrushka, trying to read his
countenance and divine what he was thinking.  But to his
intense astonishment he saw that his servant showed no trace
of surprise, but seemed, on the contrary, to be expected
something of the sort.  Of course he did not look morose, as
it was; he kept his eyes turned away and looked as though he
would like to fall upon somebody.
    "Hasn't somebody bewitched them all today?" thought our
hero.  "Some devil must have got round them.  There
certainly must be something peculiar in the whole lot of them
today.  Damn it all, what a worry it is!"
    Such were Mr. Golyadkin's thoughts and reflections as he
led his visitor into his room and politely asked him to sit
down.  The visitor appeared to be greatly embarrassed, he
was very shy, and humbly  watched every movement his host
made, caught his glance, and seemed trying to divine his
thoughts from them.  There was a downtrodden, crushed,
scared look about all his gestures, so that - if the comparison
may be allowed - he was at that moment rather like the man
who, having lost his clothes, is dressed up in somebody
else's: the sleeves work up to the elbows, the waist is almost
up to his neck, and he keeps every minute pulling down the
short waistcoat; he wriggles sideways and turns away, tries
to hide himself, or peeps into every face, and listens whether
people are talking of his position, laughing at him or putting
him to shame - and he is crimson with shame and
overwhelmed with confusion and wounded vanity. . . . Mr.
Golyadkin put down his hat in the window, and carelessly
sent it flying to the floor.  The visitor darted at once to pick
it up, brushed off the dust, and carefully put it back, while he
laid his own on the floor near a chair, on the edge of which
he meekly seated himself.  This little circumstance did
something to open Mr. Golyadkin's eyes; he realized that the
man was in great straits, and so did not put himself out for
his visitor as he had done at first, very properly leaving all
that to the man himself.  The visitor, for his part, did nothing
either; whether he was shy, a little ashamed, or from
politeness was waiting for his host to begin is not certain and
would be difficult to determine.  At that moment Petrushka
came in; he stood still in the doorway, and fixed his eyes in
the direction furthest from where the visitor and his master
were seated.
    "Shall I bring in dinner for two?" he said carelessly, in a
husky voice.
    "I - I don't know . . . you . . . yes, bring dinner for two, my
    Petrushka went out.  Mr. Golyadkin glanced at his visitor. 
The latter crimsoned to his ears.  Mr. Golyadkin was a
kind-hearted man, and so in the kindness of his heart he at
once elaborated a theory.
    "The fellow's hard up," he thought.  "Yes, and in his
situation only one day.  Most likely he's suffered in his time. 
Maybe his good clothes are all that he has, and nothing to get
him a dinner.  Ah, poor fellow, how crushed he seems!  But
no matter; in a way it's better so. . . . Excuse me," began Mr.
Golyadkin, "allow me to ask what I may call you."
    "I . . . I . . . I'm Yakov Petrovitch," his visitor almost
whispered, as though conscience-stricken and ashamed, as
though apologizing for being called Yakov Petrovitch too.
    "Yakov Petrovitch!" repeated our visitor, unable to
conceal his confusion.
    "Yes, just so. . . . The same name as yours," responded the
meek visitor, venturing to smile and speak a little jocosely. 
But at once he drew back, assuming a very serious air,
though a little disconcerted, noticing that his host was in no
joking mood.
    "You . . . allow me to ask you, to what am I indebted for
the honour . . .?"
    "Knowing your generosity and your benevolence,"
interposed the visitor in a rapid but timid voice, half rising
from his seat, "I have ventured to appeal to you and to beg
for your . . . acquaintance and protection . . ." he concluded,
choosing his phrases with difficulty and trying to select
words not too flattering or servile, that he might not
compromise his dignity and not so bold as to suggest an
unseemly equality.  In fact, one may say the visitor behaved
like a gentlemanly beggar with a darned waistcoat, with an
honourable passport in his pocket, who has not yet learnt by
practice to hold out his hand properly for alms.
    "You perplex me," answered Mr. Golyadkin, gazing round
at himself, his walls and his visitor.  "In what could I . . . that
is, I mean, in what way could I be of service to you?"
    "I felt drawn to you, Yakov Petrovitch, at first sight, and,
graciously forgive me, I built my hopes Yakov Petrovitch. 
I . . . I'm in a desperate plight here, Yakov Petrovitch; I'm
poor, I've had a great deal of trouble, Yakov Petrovitch, and
have only recently come here.  Learning that you, with your
innate goodness and excellence of heart, are of the same
name . . ."
    Mr. Golyadkin frowned.
    "Of the same name as myself and a native of the same
district, I made up my mind to appeal to you, and to make
known to you my difficult position."
    "Very good, very good; I really don't know what to say,"
Mr. Golyadkin responded in an embarrassed voice.  "We'll
have a talk after dinner . . ."
    The visitor bowed; dinner was brought in.  Petrushka laid
the table, and Mr. Golyadkin and his visitor proceeded to
partake of it.  The dinner did not last long, for they were both
in a hurry, the host because he felt ill at ease, and was,
besides, ashamed that the dinner was a poor one - he was
partly ashamed because he wanted to give the visitor a good
meal, and partly because he wanted to show him he did not
live like a beggar.  The visitor, on his side too, was in terrible
confusion and extremely embarrassed.  When he had finished
the piece of bread he had taken, he was afraid to put out his
hand to take another piece, was ashamed to help himself to
the best morsels, and was continually assuring his host that
he was not at all hungry, that the dinner was excellent, that
he was absolutely satisfied with it, and should not forget it to
his dying day.  When the meal was over Mr. Golyadkin
lighted his pipe, and offered a second, which was brought in,
to his visitor.  They sat facing each other, and the visitor
began telling his adventures.
    Mr. Golyadkin junior's story lasted for three or four hours. 
His history was, however, composed of the most trivial and
wretched, if one may say so, incidents.  It dealt with details
of service in some lawcourt in the provinces, of prosecutors
and presidents, of some department intrigues, of the
depravity of some registration clerks, of an inspector, of the
sudden appointment of a new chief in the department, of how
the second Mr. Golyadkin had suffered quite without any
fault on his part; of his aged aunt, Pelegea Semyonovna; of
how, through various intrigues on the part of his enemies, he
had lost his situation, and had come to Petersburg on foot; of
the harassing and wretched time he had spent here in
Petersburg, how for a long time he had tried in vain to get a
job, had spent all his money, had nothing left, had been
living almost in the street, lived on a crust of bread and
washed it down with his tears, slept on the bare floor, and
finally how some good Christian had exerted himself on his
behalf, had given him an introduction, and had nobly got him
into a new berth.  Mr. Golyadkin's visitor shed tears as he
told his story, and wiped his eyes with a blue-check
handkerchief that looked like oilcloth.  He ended by making
a clean breast of it to Mr. Golyadkin, and confessing that he
was not only for the time without means of subsistence and
money for a decent lodging, but had not even the
wherewithal to fit himself out properly, so that he had, he
said in conclusion, been able to get together enough for a pair
of wretched boots, and that he had had to hire a uniform for
the time.
    Mr. Golyadkin was melted; he was genuinely touched. 
Even though his visitor's story was the paltriest story, every
word of it was like heavenly manna to his heart.  The fact
was that Mr. Golyadkin was beginning to forget his last
misgivings, to surrender his soul to freedom and rejoicing,
and at last mentally dubbed himself a fool.  It was all so
natural!  And what a thing to break his heart over, what a
thing to be so distressed about!  To be sure there was, there
really was, one ticklish circumstance - but, after all, it was
not a misfortune; it could be no disgrace to a man, it could
not cast a slur on his honour or ruin his career, if he were
innocent, since nature herself was mixed up in it.  Moreover,
the visitor begged for protection, wept, railed at destiny,
seemed such an artless, pitiful, insignificant person, with no
craft or malice about him, and he seemed now to be ashamed
himself, though perhaps on different grounds, of the strange
resemblance of his countenance with that of Mr. Golyadkin's. 
his behaviour was absolutely unimpeachable; his one desire
was to please his host, and he looked as a man looks who
feels conscience-stricken and to blame in regard to some one
else.  If any doubtful point were touched upon, for instance,
the visitor at once agreed with Mr. Golyadkin's opinion.  If
by mistake he advanced an opinion in opposition to Mr.
Golyadkin's and afterwards noticed that he had made a slip,
he immediately corrected his mistake, explained himself and
made it clear that he meant the same thing as his host, that he
thought as he did and took the same view of everything as he
did.  In fact, the visitor made every possible effort to "make
up to" Mr. Golyadkin, so that the latter made up his mind at
last that his visitor must be a very amiable person in every
way.  Meanwhile, tea was brought in; it was nearly nine
o'clock.  Mr. Golyadkin felt in a very good-humour, grew
lively and skittish, let himself go a little, and finally plunged
into a most animated and interesting conversation with his
visitor.  In his festive moments Mr. Golyadkin was fond of
telling interesting anecdotes.  So now he told the visitor a
great deal about Petersburg, about its entertainments and
attractions, about the theatre, the clubs, about Brulov's
picture, and about the two Englishmen who came from
England to Petersburg on purpose to look at the iron railing
of the Summer Garden, and returned at once when they had
seen it; about the office; about Olsufy Ivanovitch and Andrey
Filippovitch; about the way that Russia was progressing, was
hour by hour progressing towards a state of perfection, so

               "Arts and letters flourish here today";

about an anecdote he had lately read in the Northern Bee
concerning a boa-constrictor in India of immense strength;
about Baron Brambeus, and so on.  In short, Mr. Golyadkin
was quite happy, first, because his mind was at rest,
secondly, because, so far from being afraid of his enemies, he
was quite prepared now to challenge them all to mortal
combat; thirdly, because he was now in the role of patron and
was doing a good deed.  Yet he was conscious at the bottom
of his heart that he was not perfectly happy, that there was
still a hidden worm gnawing at his heart, though it was only
a tiny one.  He was extremely worried by the thought of the
previous evening at Olsufy Ivanovitch's.  He would have
given a great deal now for nothing to have happened of what
took place then.
    "It's no matter, though!" our hero decided at last, and he
firmly resolved in his heart to behave well in future and
never to be guilty of such pranks again.  As Mr. Golyadkin
was now completely worked up, and had suddenly become
almost blissful, the fancy took him to have a jovial time. 
Rum was brought in by Petrushka, and punch was prepared. 
The visitor and his host drained a glass each, and then a
second.  The visitor appeared even more amiable than before,
and gave more than one proof of his frankness and charming
character; he entered keenly into Mr. Golyadkin's joy,
seemed only to rejoice in his rejoicing, and to look upon him
as his one and only benefactor.  Taking up a pen and a sheet
of paper, he asked Golyadkin not to look at what he was
going to write, but afterwards showed his host what he had
written.  It turned out to be a verse of four lines, written with
a good deal of feeling, in excellent language and
handwriting, and evidently was the composition of the
amiable visitor himself.  the lines were as follows - 
          "If thou forget me,
           I shall not forget thee;
           Though all things may be,
           Do not thou forget me."
With tears in his eyes Mr. Golyadkin embraced his
companion, and, completely overcome by his feelings, he
began to initiate his friend into some of his own secrets and
private affairs, Andrey Filippovitch and Klara Olsufyevna
being prominent in his remarks.
    "Well, you may be sure we shall get on together, Yakov
Petrovitch," said our hero to his visitor.  "You and I will take
to each other like fish to the water, Yakov Petrovitch; we
shall be like brothers; we'll be cunning, my dear fellow, we'll
work together; we'll get up an intrigue, too, to pay them out. 
To pay them out we'll get up an intrigue too. And don't you
trust any of them.  I know you, Yakov Petrovitch, and I
understand your character; you'll tell them everything straight
out, you know, you're a guileless soul!  You must hold aloof
from them all, my boy."
    His companion entirely agreed with him, thanked Mr.
Golyadkin, and he, too, grew tearful at last.
    "Do you know, Yasha," Mr. Golyadkin went on in a
shaking voice, weak with emotion, "you must stay with me
for a time, or stay with me for ever.  We shall get on
together.  What do you say, brother, eh?  And don't you
worry or repine because there's such a strange circumstance
about us now; it's a sin to repine, brother; it's nature!  And
Mother Nature is liberal with her gifts, so there, brother
Yasha!  It's from love for you that I speak, from brotherly
love.  But we'll be cunning, Yasha; we'll lay a mine, too, and
we'll make them laugh the other side of their mouths."
    They reached their third and fourth glasses of punch at
last, and then Mr. Golyadkin began to be aware of two
sensations: the one that he was extraordinarily happy, and the
other that he could not stand on his legs.  The guest was, of
course, invited to stay the night.  A bed was somehow made
up on two chairs.  Mr. Golyadkin junior declared that under
a friend's roof the bare floor would be a soft bed, that for his
part he could sleep anywhere, humbly and gratefully; that he
was in paradise now, that he had been through a great deal of
trouble and grief in his time; he had seen ups and downs, had
all sorts of things to put up with, and - who could tell what
the future would be? - maybe he would have still more to put
up with.  Mr. Golyadkin senior protested against this, and
began to maintain that one must put one's faith in God.  His
guest entirely agreed, observing that there was, of course, no
one like God.  At this point Mr. Golyadkin senior observed
that in certain respects the Turks were right in calling upon
God even in their sleep.  Then, though disagreeing with
certain learned professors in the slanders thy had
promulgated against the Turkish prophet Mahomet and
recognizing him as a great politician in his own line, Mr.
Golyadkin passed to a very interesting description of an
Algerian barber's shop which he had read in a book of
miscellanies.  The friends laughed heartily at the simplicity
of the Turks, but paid dur tribute to their fanaticism, which
they ascribed to opium. . . . At last the guest began
undressing, and thinking in the kindness of his heart that very
likely he hadn't even a decent shirt, Mr. Golyadkin went
behind the screen to avoid embarrassing a man who had
suffered enough, and partly to reassure himself as far as
possible about Petrushka, to sound him, to cheer him up if he
could, to be kind to the fellow so that every one might be
happy and that everything might be pleasant all round.  It
must be remarked that Petrushka still rather bothered Mr.
    "You go to bed now, Pyotr," Mr. Golyadkin said blandly,
going into his servant's domain; "you go to bed now and
wake me up and eight o'clock.  Do you understand
    Mr. Golyadkin spoke with exceptional softness and
friendliness.  But Petrushka remained mute.  He was busy
making his bed, and did not even turn round to face his
master, which he ought to have done out of simple respect.
    "Did you hear what I said, Pyotr?" Mr. Golyadkin went on. 
"You go to bed now and wake me tomorrow at eight o'clock;
do you understand?"
    "Why, I know that; what's the use of telling me?"
Petrushka grumbled to himself.
    "Well, that's right, Petrushka; I only mention it that you
might be happy and at rest.  Now we are all happy, so I want
you, too, to be happy and satisfied.  And now I wish you
good-night.  Sleep, Petrushka, sleep; we all have to work . .
. Don't think anything amiss, my man . . ." Mr. Golyadkin
began, but stopped short.  "Isn't this too much?" he thought. 
"Haven't I gone too far?  That's how it always is; I always
overdo things."
    Our hero felt much dissatisfied with himself as he left
Petrushka.  He was, besides, rather wounded by Petrushka's
grumpiness and rudeness.  "One jests with the rascal, his
master does him too much honour, and the rascal does not
feel it," thought Mr. Golyadkin.  "But there, that's the nasty
way of all that sort of people!"
    Somewhat shaken, he went back to his room, and, seeing
that his guest had settled himself for the night, he sat down
on the edge of his bed for a minute.
    "Come, you must own, Yasha," he began in a whisper,
wagging his head, "you're a rascal, you know; what a way
you've treated me!  You see, you've got my name, do you
know that?" he went on, jesting in a rather familiar way with
his visitor.  At last, saying a friendly good-night to him, Mr.
Golyadkin began preparing for the night.  The visitor
meanwhile began snoring.  Mr. Golyadkin in his turn got into
bed, laughing and whispering to himself: "You are drunk
today, my dear fellow, Yakov Petrovitch, you rascal, you old
Golyadkin - what a surname to have!  Why, what are you so
pleased about?  You'll be crying tomorrow, you know, you
sniveller; what am I to do with you?"
    At this point a rather strange sensation pervaded Mr.
Golyadkin's whole being, something like doubt or remorse.
    "I've been over-excited and let myself go," he thought;
"now I've a noise in my head and I'm drunk; I couldn't
restrain myself, ass that I am!  and I've been babbling bushels
of nonsense, and, like a rascal, I was planning to be so sly. 
Of course, to forgive and forget injuries is the height of
virtue; but it's a bad thing, nevertheless!  Yes, that is so!"
    At this point Mr. Golyadkin got up, took a candle and
went on tiptoe to look once more at his sleeping guest.  He
stood over him for a long time meditating deeply.
    "An unpleasant picture!  A burlesque, a regular burlesque,
and that's the fact of the matter!"
    At last Mr. Golyadkin settled down finally.  There was a
humming, a buzzing, a ringing in his head.  He grew more
and more drowsy . . . tried to think about something very
important, some delicate question - but could not.  Sleep
descended upon his devoted head, and he slept as people
generally do sleep who are not used to drinking and have
consumed five glasses of punch at some festive gathering.

Chapter VIII

Mr. Golyadkin woke up next morning at eight o'clock as
usual; as soon as he was awake he recalled all the adventures
of the previous evening - and frowned as he recalled them. 
"Ugh, I did play the fool last night!" he thought, sitting up
and glancing at his visitor's bed.  But what was his
amazement when he saw in the room no trace, not only of his
visitor, but even of the bed on which his visitor had slept!
    "What does it mean?" Mr. Golyadkin almost shrieked. 
"What can it be?  What does this new circumstance portend?"
    While Mr. Golyadkin was gazing in open-mouthed
bewilderment at the empty spot, the door creaked and
Petrushka came in with the tea-tray.
    "Where, where?" our hero said in a voice hardly audible,
pointing to the place which had ben occupied by his visitor
the night before.
    At first Petrushka made no answer and did not look at his
master, but fixed his eyes upon the corner to the right till Mr.
Golyadkin felt compelled to look into that corner too.  After
a brief silence, however, Petrushka in a rude and husky voice
answered that his master was not at home.
    "You idiot; why I'm your master, Petrushka!" said Mr.
Golyadkin in a breaking voice, looking open-eyed a his
    Petrushka made no reply, but he gave Mr. Golyadkin such
a look that the latter crimsoned to his ears - looked at hm
with an insulting reproachfulness almost equivalent to open
abuse.  Mr. Golyadkin was utterly flabbergasted, as the
saying is.  At last Petrushka explained that the 'other one' had
gone away an hour and a half ago, and would not wait.  His
answer, of course, sounded truthful and probable; it was
evident that Petrushka was not lying; that his insulting look
and the phrase the 'other one' employed by him were only the
result of the disgusting circumstance with which he was
already familiar, but still he understood, though dimly, that
something was wrong, and that destiny had some other
surprise, not altogether a pleasant one, in store for him.
    "All right, we shall see," he thought to himself.  "We shall
see in due time; we'll get to the bottom of all this . . . Oh,
Lord, have mercy upon us!" he moaned in conclusion, in
quite a different voice.  "And why did I invite him to what
end did I do all that?  Why, I am thrusting my head into their
thievish noose myself; I am tying the noose with my own
hands.  Ach, you fool, you fool!  You can't resist babbling
like some silly boy, some chancery clerk, some wretched
creature of no class at all, some rag, some rotten dishcloth;
you're a gossip, an old woman! . . . Oh, all ye saints!  And he
wrote verses, the rogue, and expressed his love for me!  How
could . . . How can I show him the door in a polite way if he
turns up again, the rogue?  Of course, there are all sorts of
ways and means.  I can say this is how it is, my salary being
so limited . . . Or scare him off in some way saying that,
taking this and that into consideration, I am forced to make
clear . . . that he would have to pay an equal share of the cost
of board and lodging, and pay the money in advance.  H'm! 
No, damn it all, no!  That would be degrading to me.  It's not
quite delicate!  Couldn't I do something like this: suggest to
Petrushka that he should annoy him in some way, should be
disrespectful, be rude, and get rid of him in that way.  Set
them at each other in some way. . . . No, damn it all, no!  It's
dangerous and again, if one looks at it from that point of
view - it's not the right thing at all!  Not the right thing at all! 
But there, even if he doesn't come, it will be a bad look-out,
too!  I babbled to him last night! . . . Ach, it's a bad look-out,
a bad look-out!  Ach, we're in a bad way!  Oh, I'm a cursed
fool, a cursed fool!  you can't train yourself to behave as you
ought, you can't conduct yourself reasonably.  Well, what if
he comes and refuses.  And God grant he may come!  I
should be very glad if he did come. . . ."
    Such were Mr. Golyadkin's reflections as he swallowed his
tea and glanced continually at the clock on the wall.
    "It's a quarter to nine; it's time to go.  And something will
happen!  What will there be there?  I should like to know
what exactly lies hidden in this - that is, the object, the aim,
and the various intrigues.  It would be a good thing to find
out what all these people are plotting, and what will be their
first step. . . ."
    Mr. Golyadkin could endure it no longer.  He threw down
his unfinished pipe, dressed and set off for the office, anxious
to ward off the danger if possible and to reassure himself
about everything by his presence in person.  There was
danger: he knew himself that there was danger.
    "We . . . will get to the bottom of it," said Mr. Golyadkin,
taking off his coat and goloshes in the entry.  "We'll go into
all these matters immediately."
    Making up his mind to act in this way, out hero put
himself to rights, assumed a correct and official air, and was
just about to pass into the adjoining room, when suddenly, in
the very doorway, he jostled against his acquaintance of the
day before, his friend and companion.  Mr. Golyadkin junior
seemed not to notice Mr. Golyadkin senior, though they met
almost nose to nose.  Mr. Golyadkin junior seemed to be
busy, to be hastening somewhere, was breathless; he had
such an official, such a business-like air that it seemed as
though any one could read his face: 'Entrusted with a special
commission.' . . .
    "Oh, it's you, Yakov Petrovitch!" said our hero, clutching
the hand of his last night's visitor.
    "Presently, presently, excuse me, tell me about it
afterwards," cried Mr. Golyadkin junior, dashing on.
    "But, excuse me; I believe, Yakov Petrovitch, you wanted
. . ."
    "What is it?  Make haste and explain."
    At this point his visitor of the previous night halted as
though reluctantly and against his will, and put his ear almost
to Mr. Golyadkin's nose.
    "I must tell you, Yakov Petrovitch, that I am surprised at
your behaviour . . . behaviour which seemingly I could not
have expected at all."
    "There's a proper form for everything.  Go to his
Excellency's secretary and then appeal in the proper way to
the directors of the office.  Have you got your petition?"
    "You . . . I really don't know Yakov Petrovitch!  You
simply amaze me, Yakov Petrovitch!  You certainly don't
recognize me or, with characteristic gaiety, you are joking."
    "Oh, it's you," said Mr. Golyadkin junior, seeming only
now to recognize Mr. Golyadkin senior.  "So, it's you?  Well,
have you had a good night?"
    Then smiling a little - a formal an conventional smile, by
no means the sort of smile that was befitting (for, after all, he
owed a debt of gratitude to Mr. Golyadkin senior) - smiling
this formal and conventional smile, Mr. Golyadkin junior
added that he was very glad Mr. Golyadkin senior had had a
good night; then he made a slight bow and shuffling a little
with his feet, looked to the right, and to the left, then dropped
his eyes to the floor, made for the side door and muttering in
a hurried whisper that he had a special commission, dashed
into the next room.  He vanished like an apparition.
    "Well, this is queer!" muttered our hero, petrified for a
moment; "this is queer!  This is a strange circumstance."
    At this point Mr. Golyadkin felt as though he had pins and
needles all over him.
    "However," he went on to himself, as he made his way to
his department, "however, I spoke long ago of such a
circumstance: I had a presentiment long ago that he had a
special commission.  Why, I said yesterday that the man must
certainly be employed on some special commission."
    "Have you finished copying out the document you had
yesterday, Yakov Petrovitch," Anton Antonovitch
Syetotchkin asked Mr. Golyadkin, when the latter was seated
beside him.  "Have you got it here?"
    "Yes," murmured Mr. Golyadkin, looking at the head clerk
with a rather helpless glance.
    "That's right!  I mention it because Andrey Filippovitch
has asked for it twice.  I'll be bound his Excellency wants it.
. . ."
    "Yes, it's finished. . ."
    "Well, that's all right then."
    "I believe, Anton Antonovitch, I have always performed
my duties properly.  I'm always scrupulous over the work
entrusted to me by my superiors, and I attend to it
    "Yes.  Why, what do you mean by that?"
    "I mean nothing, Anton Antonovitch.  I only want to
explain, Anton Antonovitch, that I . . . that is, I meant to
express that spite and malice sometimes spare no person
whatever in their search for their daily and revolting food. .
. ."
    "Excuse me, I don't quite understand you.  What person
are you alluding to?"
    "I only meant to say, Anton Antonovitch, that I'm seeking
the straight path and I scorn going to work in a roundabout
way.  That I am not one to intrigue, and that, if I may be
allowed to say so, I may very justly be proud of it. . . ."
    "Yes.  That's quite so, and to the best of my
comprehension I thoroughly endorse your remarks; but allow
me to tell you, Yakov Petrovitch, that personalities are not
quite permissible in good society, that I, for instance, am
ready to put up with anything behind my back - for every
one's abused behind his back - but to my face, if you please,
my good sir, I don't allow any one to be impudent.  I've
grown grey in the government service, sir, and I don't allow
any one to be impudent to me in my old age. . . ."
    "No, Anton Antonovitch . . . you see, Anton Antonovitch
. . . you haven't quite caught my meaning.  To be sure, Anton
Antonovitch, I for my part could only thing it an honour . . ."
    "Well, then, I ask pardon too.  We've been brought up in
the old school.  And it's too late for us to learn your
new-fangled ways.  I believe we've had understanding
enough for the service of our country up to now.  As you are
aware, sir, I have an order of merit for twenty-five years'
irreproachable service. . . ."
    "I feel it, Anton Antonovitch, on my side, too, I quite feel
all that.  But I didn't mean that, I am speaking of a mask,
Anton Antonovitch. . . ."
    "A mask?"
    "Again you . . . I am apprehensive that you are taking this,
too, in a wrong sense, that is the sense of my remarks, as you
say yourself, Anton Antonovitch.  I am simply enunciating
a theory, that is, I am advancing the idea, Anton
Antonovitch, that persons who wear a mask have become far
from uncommon, and that nowadays it is hard to recognize
the man beneath the mask . . ."
    "Well, do you know, it's not altogether so hard. 
Sometimes it's fairly easy.  Sometimes one need not go far to
look for it."
    "No, you know, Anton Antonovitch, I say, I say of myself,
that I, for instance, do not put on a mask except when there
is need of it; that is simply at carnival time or at some festive
gathering, speaking in the literal sense; but that I do not wear
a mask before people in daily life, speaking in another less
obvious sense.  That's what I meant to say, Anton
    "Oh, well, but we must drop all this, for now I've no time
to spare," said Anton Antonovitch, getting up from his seat
and collecting some papers in order to report upon them to
his Excellency.  "Your business, as I imagine, will be
explained in due course without delay.  You will see for
yourself whom you should censure and whom you should
blame, and thereupon I humbly beg you to spare me from
further explanations and arguments which interfere with my
work. . . ."
    "No, Anton Antonovitch," Mr. Golyadkin, turning a little
pale, began to the retreating figure of Anton Antonovitch; "I
had no intention of the kind."
    "What does it mean?" our hero went on to himself, when
he was left alone; "what quarter is the wind in now, and what
is one to make of this new turn?"
    At the very time when our bewildered and half-crushed
hero was setting himself to solve this new question, there was
a sound of movement and bustle in the next room, the door
opened and Andrey Filippovitch, who had been on some
business in his Excellency's study, appeared breathless in the
doorway, and called to Mr. Golyadkin.  Knowing what was
wanted and anxious not to keep Andrey Filippovitch waiting,
Mr. Golyadkin leapt up from his seat, and as was fitting
immediately bustled for all he was worth getting the
manuscript that was required finally neat and ready and
preparing to follow the manuscript and Andrey Filippovitch
into his Excellency's study.  Suddenly, almost slipping under
the arm of Andrey Filippovitch, who was standing right in
the doorway, Mr. Golyadkin junior darted into the room in
breathless haste and bustle, with a solemn and resolutely
official air; he bounded straight up to Mr. Golyadkin senior,
who was expecting nothing less than such a visitation.
    "The papers, Yakov Petrovitch, the papers . . . his
Excellency has been pleased to ask for them; have you got
them ready?" Mr. Golyadkin senior's friend whispered in a
hurried undertone.  "Andrey Filippovitch is waiting for you.
. . ."
    "I know he is waiting without your telling me," said Mr.
Golyadkin senior, also in a hurried whisper.
    "No, Yakov Petrovitch, I did not mean that; I did not mean
that at all, Yakov Petrovitch, not that at all; I sympathise with
you, Yakov Petrovitch, and am humbly moved by genuine
    "Which I most humbly beg you to spare me.  Allow me,
allow me . . ."
    "You'll put it in an envelope, of course, Yakov Petrovitch,
and you'll put a mark in the third page; allow me, Yakov
Petrovitch. . . ."
    "You allow me, if you please . . ."
    "But, I say, there's a blot here, Yakov Petrovitch; did you
know there was a blot here? . . ."
    At this point Andrey Filippovitch called Yakov Petrovitch
a second time.
    "One moment, Andrey Filippovitch, I'm only just . . . Do
you understand Russian, sir?"
    "It would be best to take it out with a penknife, Yakov
Petrovitch.  You had better rely upon me; you had better not
touch it yourself, Yakov Petrovitch, rely upon me - I'll do it
with a penknife . . ."
    Andrey Filippovitch called Mr. Golyadkin a third time.
    "But, allow me, where's the blot?  I don't think there's a
blot at all."
    "It's a huge blot.  Here it is!  Here, allow me, I saw it here
. . . you just let me, Yakov Petrovitch, I'll just touch it with
the penknife, I'll scratch it out with the penknife from
true-hearted sympathy.  There, life this; see, it's done."
    At this point, and quite unexpectedly, Mr. Golyadkin
junior overpowered Mr. Golyadkin senior in the momentary
struggle that had arisen between them, and so, entirely
against the latter's will, suddenly, without rhyme or reason,
took possession of the document required by the authorities,
and instead of scratching it out with the penknife in
true-hearted sympathy as he had perfidiously promised Mr.
Golyadkin senior, hurriedly rolled it up, put it under his arm,
in two bounds was beside Andrey Filippovitch, who noticed
none of his manoeuvres, and flew with the latter into the
Director's room.  Mr. Golyadkin remained as though rivetted
to the spot, holding the penknife in his hand and apparently
on the point of scratching something out with it . . .
    Our hero could not yet grasp his new position.  He could
not at once recover himself.  He felt the blow, but thought
that it was somehow all right.  In terrible, indescribable
misery he tore himself at last from his seat, rushed straight to
the Director's room, imploring heaven on the way that it
would be all right . . . In the furthest most room, which
adjoined the Director's private room, he ran straight upon
Andrey Filippovitch in company with his namesake.  Both of
them moved aside.  Andrey Filippovitch was talking with a
good-humoured smile, Mr. Golyadkin senior's namesake was
smiling, too, fawning upon Andrey Filippovitch and tripping
about at a respectful distance from him, and was whispering
something in his ear with a delighted air, to which Andrey
Filippovitch assented with a gracious nod.  In a flash our
hero grasped the whole position.  The fact was that the work
had surpassed his Excellency's expectations (as he learnt
afterwards) and was finished punctually by the time it was
needed.  He Excellency was extremely pleased with it.  It
was even said that his excellency had said "Thank you" to
Mr. Golyadkin junior, had thanked him warmly, had said that
he would remember it on occasion and would never forget it.
. . . Of course, the first thing Mr. Golyadkin did was to
protest, to protest with the utmost vigour of which he was
capable.  Pale as death, and hardly knowing what he was
doing, he rushed up to Andrey Filippovitch.  But the latter,
hearing that Mr. Golyadkin's business was a private matter,
refused to listen, observing firmly that he had not a minute to
spare for his own affairs.
    The curtness of his tone and his refusal struck Mr.
    "I had better, perhaps, try in another quarter . . . I had
better appeal to Anton Antonovitch."
    But to his disappointment Anton Antonovitch was not
available either: he, too, was busy over something
    "Ah, it was not without design that he asked me to spare
him explanation and discussion!" thought our hero.  "This
was what the old rogue had in his mind!  In that case I shall
simply make bold to approach his Excellency."
    Still pale and feeling that his brain was in a complete
ferment, greatly perplexed as to what he ought to decide to
do, Mr. Golyadkin sat down on the edge of the chair.  "It
would have been a great deal better if it had all been just
nothing," he kept incessantly thinking to himself.  "Indeed,
such a mysterious business was utterly improbable.  In the
first place, it was nonsense, and secondly it could not happen. 
Most likely it was imagination, or something else happened,
and not what really did happen; or perhaps I went myself . .
. and somehow mistook myself for some one else . . . in
short, it's an utterly impossible thing."
    Mr. Golyadkin had no sooner made up his mind that it was
an utterly impossible thing that Mr. Golyadkin junior flew
into the room with papers in both hands as well as under his
arm.  Saying two or three words about business to Andrey
Filippovitch as he passed, exchanging remarks with one,
polite greetings with another, and familiarities with a third,
Mr. Golyadkin junior, having apparently no time to waste,
seemed on the point of leaving the room, but luckily for Mr.
Golyadkin senior he stopped near the door to say a few
words as he passed two or three clerks who were at work
there.  Mr. Golyadkin senior rushed straight at him.  As soon
as Mr. Golyadkin junior saw Mr. Golyadkin senior's
movement he began immediately, with great uneasiness,
looking about him to make his escape.  but our hero already
held his last night's guest by the sleeve.  The clerks
surrounding the two titular councillors stepped back and
waited with curiosity to see what would happen.  The senior
titular councillor realized that public opinion was not on his
side, he realized that they were intriguing against him: which
made it all the more necessary to hold his own now.  The
moment was a decisive one.
    "Well!" said Mr. Golyadkin junior, looking rather
impatiently at Mr. Golyadkin senior.
    The latter could hardly breathe.
    "I don't know," he began, "in what way to make plain to
you the strangeness of your behaviour, sir."
    "Well.  Go on."  At this point Mr. Golyadkin junior turned
round and winked to the clerks standing round, as though to
give them to understand that a comedy was beginning.
    "The impudence and shamelessness of your manners with
me, sir, in the present case, unmasks your true character . . .
better than any words of mine could do.  Don't rely on your
trickery: it is worthless. . . ."
    "Come, Yakov Petrovitch, tell me now, how did you spend
the night?" answered Mr. Golyadkin junior, looking Mr.
Golyadkin senior straight in the eye.
    "You forget yourself, sir," said the titular councillor,
completely flabbergasted, hardly able to feel the floor under
his feet.  "I trust that you will take a different tone. . . ."
    "My darling!" exclaimed Mr. Golyadkin junior, making a
rather unseemly grimace at Mr. Golyadkin senior, and
suddenly, quite unexpectedly, under the pretence of caressing
him, he pinched his chubby cheek with two fingers.
    Our hero grew as hot as fire . . . As soon as Mr. Golyadkin
junior noticed that his opponent, quivering in every limb,
speechless with rage, as red as a lobster, and exasperated
beyond all endurance, might actually be driven to attack him,
he promptly and in the most shameless way hastened to be
beforehand with his victim.  Patting him two or three times
on the cheek, tickling him two or three times, playing with
him for a few seconds in this way while his victim stood
rigid and beside himself with fury to the no little diversion of
the young men standing round, Mr. Golyadkin junior ended
with a most revolting shamelessness by giving Mr.
Golyadkin senior a poke in his rather prominent stomach,
and with a most venomous and suggestive smile said to him:
"You're mischievous brother Yakov, you are mischievous! 
We'll be sly, you and I, Yakov Petrovitch, we'll be sly."
    Then, and before our hero could gradually come to himself
after the last attack, Mr. Golyadkin junior (with a little smile
beforehand to the spectators standing round) suddenly
assumed a most businesslike, busy and official air, dropped
his eyes to the floor and, drawing himself in, shrinking
together, and pronouncing rapidly "on a special commission"
he cut a caper with his short leg, and darted away into the
next room.  Our hero could not believe his eyes and was still
unable to pull himself together. . .
    At last he roused himself.  Recognizing in a flash that he
was ruined, in a sense annihilated, that he had disgraced
himself and sullied his reputation, that he had been turned
into ridicule and treated with contempt in the presence of
spectators, that he had been treacherously insulted, by one
whom he had looked on only the day before as his greatest
and most trustworthy friend, that he had been put to utter
confusion, Mr. Golyadkin senior rushed in pursuit of his
enemy.  At the moment he would not even think of the
witnesses of his ignominy.
    "They're all in a conspiracy together," he said to himself;
"they stand by each other and set each other on to attack me." 
After taking a dozen steps, however, our perceived clearly
that all pursuit would be vain and useless, and so he turned
back.  "You won't get away," he thought, "you will get
caught on day; the wolf will have to pay for the sheep's
    With ferocious composure and the most resolute
determination Mr. Golyadkin went up to his chair and sat
down upon it.  "You won't escape," he said again.
    Now it was not a question of passive resistance: there was
determination and pugnacity in the air, and any one who had
seen how Mr. Golyadkin at that moment, flushed and
scarcely able to restrain his excitement, stabbed his pen into
the inkstand and with what fury he began scribbling on the
paper, could be certain beforehand that the that the matter
would not pass off like this, and could not end in a simple,
womanish way.  In the depth of his soul he formed a
resolution, and in the depth of his heart swore to carry it out. 
To tell the truth he still did not quite know how to act, or
rather did not know at all, but never mind, that did not
    "Imposture and shamelessness do not pay nowadays, sir. 
Imposture and shamelessness, sir, lead to no good, but lead
to the halter.  Grishka Otrepyov was the only one, sir, who
gained by imposture, deceiving the blind people and even
that not for long."
    In spite of this last circumstance Mr. Golyadkin proposed
to wait til such time as the mask should fall from certain
persons and something should be made manifest.  For this it
was necessary, in the first place, that office hours should be
over as soon as possible, and till then our hero proposed to
take no step.  He knew then how he must act after taking that
step, how to arrange his whole plan of action, to abase the
horn of arrogance and crush the snake gnawing the dust in
contemptible impotence.  To allow himself to be treated like
a rag used for wiping dirty boots, Mr. Golyadkin could not. 
He could not consent to that, especially in the present case. 
Had it not been for that last insult, our hero might have,
perhaps, brought himself to control his anger; he might,
perhaps, have been silent, have submitted and not have
protested too obstinately; he would just have disputed a little,
have made a slight complaint, have proved that he was in the
right, then he would have given way a little, then, perhaps, he
would have given way a little more, then he would have
come round altogether, then, especially when the opposing
party solemnly admitted that he was right, perhaps, he would
have overlooked it completely, would even have been a little
touched, there might even, perhaps - who could tell - spring
up a new, close, warm friendship, on an even broader basis
than the friendship of last night, so that this friendship might,
in the end, completely eclipse the unpleasantness of the
rather unseemly resemblance of the two individuals, so that
both the titular councillors might be highly delighted, and
might go on living till they were a hundred, and so on.  To
tell the whole truth, Mr. Golyadkin began to regret a little
that he had stood up for himself and his rights, and had at
once come in for unpleasantness in consequence.
    "Should he give in," thought Mr. Golyadkin, "say he was
joking, I would forgive him.  I would forgive him even more
if he would acknowledge it aloud.  but I won't let myself be
treated like a rag.  And I have not allowed even persons very
different from him to treat me so, still less will I permit a
depraved person to attempt it.  I am not a rag.  I am not a rag,
    In short, our hero made up his mind "You're in fault
yourself, sir!" he thought.  He made up his mind to protest
with all his might to the very last.  That was the sort of man
he was!  He could not consent to allow himself to be insulted,
still less to allow himself to be treated as a rag, and, above
all, to allow a thoroughly vicious man to treat him so.  No
quarrelling, however, no quarrelling!  Possibly if some one
wanted, if some one, for instance, actually insisted on turning
Mr. Golyadkin into rag, he might have done so, might have
might have done so without opposition or punishment (Mr.
Golyadkin was himself conscious of this at times), and he
would have been a rag and not Golyadkin - yes, a nasty,
filthy rag; but that rag would not have been a simple rag, it
would have been a rag possessed of dignity, it would have
been a rag possessed of feelings and sentiments, even though
dignity was defenceless and feelings could not assert
themselves, and lay hidden deep down in the filthy folds of
the rag, still thee feelings were there . . .
    The hours dragged on incredibly slowly; at last it struck
four.  Soon after, all got up and, following the head of the
department, moved each on his homeward way.  Mr.
Golyadkin mingled with the crowd; he kept a vigilant look
out, and did not lose sight of the man he wanted.  At last our
hero saw hat his friend ran up to the office attendants who
handed the clerks their overcoats, and hung about near them
waiting for his in his usual nasty way.  The minute was a
decisive one.  Mr. Golyadkin forced his way somehow
through the crowd and, anxious not to be left behind, he, too,
began fussing about his overcoat.  But Mr. Golyadkin's
friend and companion was given his overcoat first because on
this occasion, too, he had succeeded, as he always did, in
making up to them, whispering something to them, cringing
upon them and getting round them.
    After putting on his overcoat, Mr. Golyadkin junior
glanced ironically at Mr. Golyadkin senior, acting in this way
openly and defiantly, looked about him with his
characteristic insolence, finally he tripped to and fro among
the other clerks - no doubt in order to leave a good
impression on them - said a word to one, whispered
something to another, respectfully accosted a third, directed
a smile at a fourth, gave his hand to a fifth, and gaily darted
downstairs.  Mr. Golyadkin senior flew after him, and to his
inexpressible delight overtook him on the last step, and
seized him by the collar of his overcoat.  It seemed as though
Mr. Golyadkin junior was a little disconcerted, and he looked
about him with a helpless air.
    "What do you mean by this?" he whispered to Mr.
Golyadkin at last, in a weak voice.
    "Sir, if you are a gentleman, I trust that you remember our
friendly relations yesterday," said out hero.
    "Ah, yes!  Well?  Did you sleep well?"
    Fury rendered Mr. Golyadkin senior speechless for a
    "I slept well, sir . . . but allow me to tell you, sir, that you
are playing a very complicated game . . ."
    "Who says so?  My enemies say that," answered abruptly
the man who called himself Mr. Golyadkin, and saying this,
he unexpectedly freed himself from the feeble hand of the
real Mr. Golyadkin.  As soon as he was free he rushed away
from the stairs, looked around him, saw a cab, ran up to it,
got in, and in one moment vanished from Mr. Golyadkin
senior's sight.  The despairing titular councillor, abandoned
by all, gazed about him, but there was no other cab.  He tried
to run, but his legs gave way under him.  With a look of
open-mouthed astonishment on his countenance, feeling
crushed and shrivelled up, he leaned helplessly against a
lamp post, and remained so for some minutes in the middle
of the pavement.  It seemed as though all were over for Mr.

Chapter IX

Everything, apparently, and even nature itself, seemed up in
arms against Mr. Golyadkin; but he was still on his legs and
unconquered; he felt that he was unconquered.  He was ready
to struggle.  he rubbed his hands with such feeling and such
energy when he recovered from his first amazement that it
could be deduced from his very air that he would not give in. 
yet the danger was imminent; it was evident; Mr. Golyadkin
felt it; but how to grapple with it, with this danger? - that was
the question.  the thought even flashed through Mr.
Golyadkin's mind for a moment, "After all, why not leave it
so, simply give up?  Why, what is it?  Why, it's nothing.  I'll
keep apart as though it were not I," thought Mr. Golyadkin. 
"I'll let it all pass; it's not I, and that's all about it; he's
separate too, maybe he'll give it up too; he'll hang about, the
rascal, he'll hang about.  He'll come back and give it up
again.  Than's how it will be!  I'll take it meekly.  And,
indeed, where is the danger?  Come, what danger is there? 
I should like any one to tell me where the danger lies in this
business.  It is a trivial affair.  An everyday affair. . . ."
    At this point Mr. Golyadkin's tongue failed; the words died
away on his lips; he even swore at himself for this thought;
he convicted himself on the spot of abjectness, of cowardice
for having this thought; things were no forwarder, however. 
He felt that to make up his mind to some course of action
was absolutely necessary for him at the moment; he even felt
that he would have given a great deal to any one who could
have told him what he must decide to do.  Yes, but how
could he guess what?  Though, indeed, he had no time to
guess.  In any case, that he might lose no time he took a cab
and dashed home.
    "Well?  What are you feeling now?" he wondered; "what
are you graciously pleased to be thinking of, Yakov
Petrovitch?  What are you doing?  What are you doing now,
you rogue, you rascal?   You've brought yourself to this
plight, and now you are weeping and whimpering!"
    So Mr. Golyadkin taunted himself as he jolted along in the
vehicle.  To taunt himself and so to irritate his wounds was,
at this time, a great satisfaction to Mr. Golyadkin, almost a
voluptuous enjoyment.
    "Well," he thought, "if some magician were to turn up
now, or if it could come to pass in some official way and I
were told: 'Give a finger of your right hand, Golyadkin - and
it's a bargain with you; there shall not be the other
Golyadkin, and you will be happy, only you won't have your
finger' - yes, I would sacrifice my finger, I would certainly
sacrifice it, I would sacrifice it without winking. . . . The
devil take it all!" the despairing titular councillor cried at last. 
"Why, what is it all for?  Well, it all had to be; yes, it
absolutely had to; yes, just this had to be, as though nothing
else were possible!  And it was all right at first.  Every one
was pleased and happy.  But there, it had to be!  There's
nothing to be gained by talking, though; you must act."
    And so, almost resolved upon some action, Mr. Golyadkin
reached home, and without a moment's delay snatched up his
pipe and, sucking at it with all his might and puffing out
clouds of smoke to right and to left, he began pacing up and
down the room in a state of violent excitement.  Meanwhile,
Petrushka began laying the table.  At last Mr. Golyadkin
made up his mind completely, flung aside his pipe, put on his
overcoat, said he would not dine at home and ran out of the
flat.  Petrushka, panting, overtook him on the stairs, bringing
the hat he had forgotten.  Mr. Golyadkin took his hat, wanted
to say something incidentally to justify himself in Petrushka's
eyes that the latter might not think anything particular, such
as, "What a queer circumstance!  here he forgot his hat - and
so on," but as Petrushka walked away at once and would not
even look at him, Mr. Golyadkin put on his hat without
further explanation, ran downstairs, and repeating to himself
that perhaps everything might be for the best, and that affairs
would somehow be arranged, though he was conscious
among other things of a cold chill right down to his heels, he
went out into the street, took a cab and hastened to Andrey
    "Would it not be better tomorrow, though?" thought Mr.
Golyadkin, as he took hold of the bell-rope of Andrey
Filippovitch's flat.  "And, besides, what can I say in
particular?  There is nothing particular in it.  It's such a
wretched affair, yes, it really is wretched, paltry, yes, that is,
almost a paltry affair . . . yes, that's what it is, the incident .
. . Suddenly Mr. Golyadkin pulled at the bell; the bell rang;
footsteps were heard within . . . Mr. Golyadkin cursed
himself on the spot for his hastiness and audacity.  His recent
unpleasant experiences, which he had almost forgotten over
his work, and his encounter with Andrey Filippovitch
immediately cam back into his mind.  But by now it was too
late to run away: the door opened.  Luckily for Mr.
Golyadkin he was informed that Andrey Filippovitch had not
returned from the office and had not dined at home.
    "I know where he dines: he dines near the Ismailovsky
Bridge," thought our hero; and he was immensely relieved. 
To the footman's inquiry what message he would leave, he
said: "It's all right, my good man, I'll look in later," and he
even ran downstairs with a certain cheerful briskness.  Going
out into the street, he decided to dismiss the cab and paid the
driver.  When the man asked for something extra, saying he
had been waiting in the street and had not spared his horse
for his honour, he gave him five kopecks extra, and even
willingly; and then walked on.
    "It really is such a thing," thought Mr. Golyadkin, "that it
cannot be left like that; though, if one looks at it that way,
looks at it sensibly, why am I hurrying about here, in reality? 
Well, yes, though, I will go on discussing why I should take
a lot of trouble; why I should rush about, exert myself, worry
myself and wear myself out.  To begin with, the thing's done
and there's no recalling it . . . of course, there's no recalling
it!  Let us put it like this: a man turns up with a satisfactory
reference, said to be a capable clerk, of good conduct, only
he is a poor man and has suffered many reverses - all sorts of
ups and downs - well, poverty is not a crime: so I must stand
aside.  Why, what nonsense it is!  Well, he came; he is so
made, the man is so made by nature itself that he is as like
another man as though they were two drops of water, as
though he were a perfect copy of another man; how could
they refuse to take him into the department on that account? 
If it is fate, if it is only fate, if it only blind chance that is to
blame - is he to be treated like a rag, is he to be refused a job
in the office? . . . Why, what would become of justice after
that?  He is a poor man, hopeless, downcast; it makes one's
heart ache: compassion bids one care for him!  Yes!  There's
no denying, there would be a fine set of head officials, if they
took the same view as a reprobate like me!  What an
addlepate I am!  I have foolishness enough for a dozen!  Yes,
yes!  They did right, and many thanks to them for being good
to a poor, luckless fellow . . . Why, let us imagine for a
moment that we are twins, that we had been born twin
brothers, and nothing else - there it is!  Well, what of it? 
Why, nothing!  All the clerks can get used to it . . . And an
outsider, coming into our office, would certainly find nothing
unseemly or offensive in the circumstance.  In fact, there is
really something touching it; to think that the divine
Providence created two men exactly alike, and the heads of
the department, seeing the divine handiwork, provided for
two twins.  It would, of course," Mr. Golyadkin went on,
drawing a breath and dropping his voice, "it would, of course
. . . it would, of course, have been better if there had been .
. . if there had been nothing of this touching kindness, and if
there had been no twins either . . . The devil take it all!  And
what need was there for it?  And what was the particular
necessity that admitted of no delay!  My goodness!  The
devil has made a mess of it!  Besides, he has such a
character, too, he's of such a playful, horrid disposition - he's
such a scoundrel, he's such a nimble fellow!  He's such a
toady!  Such a lickspittle!  He's such a Golyadkin!  I daresay
he will misconduct himself; yes, he'll disgrace my name, the
blackguard!  And now I have to look after hm and wait upon
him!  What an infliction!  But, after all, what of it?  It doesn't
matter.  Granted, he's a scoundrel, well, let him be a
scoundrel, but to make up for it, the other one's honest; so he
will be a scoundrel and I'll be honest, and they'll say that this
Golyadkin's a rascal, don't take any notice of him, and don't
mix him up with the other; but the other one's honest,
virtuous, mild, free from malice, always to be relied upon in
the service, and worthy of promotion; that's how it is, very
good . . . but what if . . . what if they get us mixed up! . . . He
is equal to anything!  Ah, Lord, have mercy upon us! . . . He
will counterfeit a man, he will counterfeit him, the rascal - he
will change one man for another as though he were a rag, and
not reflect that a man is not a rag.  Ach, mercy on us!  Ough,
what a calamity!" . . .
    Reflecting and lamenting in this way, Mr. Golyadkin ran
on, regardless of where he was going.  He came to his senses
in Nevsky Prospect, only owing to the chance that he ran so
neatly full-tilt into a passer-by that he saw stars in his eyes. 
Mr. Golyadkin muttered his excuses without raising his head,
and it was only after the passer-by, muttering something far
from flattering, had walked a considerable distance away,
that he raised his nose and looked about to see where he was
and how he had got there.  Noticing when he did so that he
was close to the restaurant in which he had sat for a while
before the dinner-part at Olsufy Ivanovitch's, our hero was
suddenly conscious of a pinching and nipping sensation in
his stomach; he remembered that he had not dined; he had no
prospect of a dinner-party anywhere.  And so, without losing
precious time, he ran upstairs into the restaurant to have a
snack of something as quickly as possible, and to avoid delay
by making all the haste he could.  And though everything in
the restaurant was rather dear, that little circumstance did not
on this occasion make Mr. Golyadkin pause, and, indeed, he
had no time to pause over such a trifle.  In the brightly
lighted room the customers were standing in rather a crowd
round the counter, upon which lay heaps of all sorts of such
edibles as are eaten by well-bred person's at lunch.  The
waiter scarcely had time to fill glasses, to serve, to take
money and give change.  Mr. Golyadkin waited for his turn
and modestly stretched out his had for a savoury patty. 
Retreating into a corner, turning his back on the company
and eating with appetite, he went back to the attendant, put
down his plate and, knowing the price, took out a ten-kopeck
piece and laid the coin on the counter, catching the waiter's
eye as though to say, "Look, here's the money, one pie," and
so on.
    "One rouble ten kopecks is your bill," the waiter filtered
through his teeth.
    Mr. Golyadkin was a good deal surprised.
    "You are speaking to me? . . . I . . . I took one pie, I
    "You've had eleven," the man said confidently.
    "You . . . so it seems to me . . . I believe, you're mistaken
. . . I really took only one pie, I think."
    "I counted them; you took eleven.  Since you've had them
you must pay for them; we don't give anything away for
    Mr. Golyadkin was petrified.  "What sorcery is this, what
is happening to me?" he wondered.  Meanwhile, the man
waited for Mr. Golyadkin to make up his mind; people
crowded round Mr. Golyadkin; he was already feeling in his
pocket for a silver rouble, to pay the full amount at once, to
avoid further trouble.  "Well, if it was eleven, it was eleven,"
he thought, turning as red as a lobster.  "Why, a man's
hungry, so he eats eleven pies; well, let him eat, and may it
do him good; and there's nothing to wonder at in that, and
there's nothing to laugh at . . . "
    At that moment something seemed to stab Mr. Golyadkin. 
He raised his eyes and - at once he guessed he riddle.  He
knew what the sorcery was.  All his difficulties were solved
. . .
    In the doorway of the next room, almost directly behind
the waiter and facing Mr. Golyadkin, in the doorway which,
till that moment, our hero had taken for a looking-glass, a
man was standing - he was standing, Mr. Golyadkin was
standing - not the original Mr. Golyadkin, the hero of our
story, but the other Mr. Golyadkin, the new Mr. Golyadkin. 
The second Mr. Golyadkin was apparently in excellent
spirits.  He smiled to Mr. Golyadkin the first, nodded to him,
winked, shuffled his feet a little, and looked as though in
another minute he would vanish, would disappear into the
next room, and then go out, maybe, by a back way out; and
there it would be, and all pursuit would be in vain.  In his
hand he had the last morsel of the tenth pie, and before Mr.
Golyadkin's very eyes he popped it into his mouth and
smacked his lips.
    "He had impersonated me, the scoundrel!" thought Mr.
Golyadkin, flushing hot with shame.  "He is not ashamed of
the publicity of it!  Do they see him?  I fancy no one notices
him . . . "
    Mr. Golyadkin threw down his rouble as though it burnt
his fingers, and without noticing the waiter's insolently
significant grin, a smile of triumph and serene power, he
extricated himself from the crowd, and rushed away without
looking round.  "We must be thankful that at least he has not
completely compromised anyone!" thought Mr. Golyadkin
senior.  "We must be thankful to him, the brigand, and to
fate, that everything was satisfactorily settled.  The waiter
was rude, that was all.  But, after all, he was in the right. 
One rouble and ten kopecks were owing: so he was in the
right.  'We don't give things away for nothing,' he said! 
Though he might have been more polite, the rascal . . ."
    All this Mr. Golyadkin said to himself as he went
downstairs to the entrance, but on the last step he stopped
suddenly, as though he had been shot, and suddenly flushed
till the tears came into his eyes at the insult to his dignity. 
After standing stockstill for half a minute, he stamped his
foot, resolutely, at one bound leapt from the step into the
street and, without looking round, rushed breathless and
unconscious of fatigue back home, without changing his
coat, though it was his habit to change into an old coat at
home, without even stopping to take his pipe, he sat down on
the sofa, drew the inkstand towards him, took up a pen, got
a sheet of notepaper, and with a hand that trembled from
inward excitement, began scribbling the following epistle,

    "Dear Sir Yakov Petrovitch!
        "I should not take up my pen if my circumstances, and
your own action, sir, had not compelled me to that step. 
Believe me that nothing but necessity would have induced
me to enter upon such a discussion with you and therefore,
first of all, I beg you, sir, to look upon this step of mine not
as a premeditated design to insult you, but as the inevitable
consequence of the circumstance that is a bond between us
    ("I think that's all right, proper courteous, though not
lacking in force and firmness . . . I don't think there is
anything for him to take offence at.  Besides, I'm fully within
my rights," thought Mr. Golyadkin, reading over what he had
    "Your strange and sudden appearance, sir, on a stormy
night, after the coarse and unseemly behavious of my
enemies to me, for whom I feel too much contempt even to
mention their names, was the starting-point of all the
misunderstanding existing between us at the present time. 
Your obstinate desire to persist in your course of action, sir,
and forcibly to enter the circle of my existence and all my
relations in practical life, transgresses every limit imposed by
the merest politeness and every rule of civilized society.  I
imagine there is no need, sir, for me to refer to the seizure by
you of my papers, and particularly to your taking away my
good name, in order to gain the favour of my superiors -
favour you have not deserved.  There is no need to refer here
either to your intentional and insulting refusal of the
necessary explanation in regard to us.  Finally, to omit
nothing, I will not allude here to your last strange, on my
even say, your incomprehensible behaviour to me in the
coffee-house.  I am far from lamenting over the needless - for
me - loss of a rouble; but I cannot help expressing my
indignation at the recollection of your public outrage upon
me, to the detriment of my honour, and what is more, in the
presence of several persons of good breeding, though not
belonging to my circle of acquaintance."
    ("Am I not going too far?" thought Mr. Golyadkin.  "Isn't
it too much; won't it be too insulting - that taunt about good
breeding, for instance? . . . But there, it doesn't matter!  I
must show him the resoluteness of my character.  I might,
however, to soften him, flatter him, and butter him up at the
end.  But there, we shall see.")
    "But I should not weary you with my letter, sir, if I were
not firmly convinced that the nobility of your sentiments and
your open, candid character would suggest to you yourself a
means for retrieving all lapses and returning everything to its
original position.
    "With full confidence I venture to rest assured that you
will not take my letter in a sense derogatory to yourself, and
at the same time that you will not refuse to explain yourself
expressly on this occasion by letter, sending the same by my
    "In expectation of your reply, I have the honour, dear sir,
to remain,
                "Your humble servant,
                         "Y. Golyadkin."

    "Well, that is quite all right.  The thing's done, it has come
to letter-writing.  But who is to blame for that?  He is to
blame himself: by his own action he reduces a man to the
necessity of resorting to epistolary composition.  And I am
within my rights. . . ."
    Reading over his letter for the last time, Mr. Golyadkin
folded it up, sealed it and called Petrushka.  Petrushka came
in looking, as usual, sleepy and cross about something.
    "You will take this letter, my boy . . . do you understand?"
    Petrushka did not speak.
    "You will take it to the department; there you must find
the secretary on duty, Vahramyev.  He is the one on duty
today.  Do you understand that?"
    "I understand."
    "'I understand'!  He can't even say, 'I understand, sir!'  You
must ask the secretary, Vahramyev, and tell him that your
master desired you to send his regards, and humbly requests
him to refer to the address book of our office and find out
where the titular councillor, Golyadkin, is living?"
    Petrushka remained mute, and, as Mr. Golyadkin fancied,
    "Well, so you see, Pyotr, you have to ask him for the
address, and find out where the new clerk, Golyadkin, lives."
    "You must ask for the address and then take this letter
there.  Do you understand?"
    "I understand."
    "If there . . . where you have to take the letter, that
gentleman to whom you have to give the letter, that
Golyadkin . . . What are you laughing at, you blockhead?"
    "What is there to laugh at?  What is it to me!  I wasn't
doing anything, sir.  it's not for the likes of us to laugh. . . ."
    "Oh, well . . . if that gentleman should ask, 'How is your
master, how is he'; if he . . . well, if he should ask you
anything - you hold your tongue, and answer, 'My master is
all right and begs you for an answer to his letter.'  Do you
    "Yes, sir."
    "Well, then, say, 'My master is all right and quite well,' say
'and is just getting ready to pay a call: and he asks you,' say,
'for an answer in writing.'  Do you understand?"
    "Well, go along, then."
    "Why, what a bother I have with this blockhead too!  He's
laughing, and there's nothing to be done.  What's he laughing
at?  I've lived to see trouble.  Here I've lived like this to see
trouble.  Though perhaps it may all turn out for the best. . . .
That rascal will be loitering about for the next two hours
now, I expect; he'll go off somewhere else. . . . There's no
sending him anywhere.  What a misery it is! . . . What misery
has come upon me!"
    Feeling his troubles to the full, our hero made up his mind
to remain passive for two hours till Petrushka returned.  For
an hour of the time he walked about the room, smoked, then
put aside his pipe and sat down to a book, then he lay down
on the sofa, then took up his pipe again, then again began
running about the room.  He tried to think things over but
was absolutely unable to think about anything.  At last the
agony of remaining passive reached the climax and Mr.
Golyadkin made up his mind to take a step.  "Petrushka will
come in another hour," he thought.  "I can give the key to the
porter, and I myself can, so to speak . . . I can investigate the
matter: I shall investigate the matter in my own way."
    Without loss of time, in haste to investigate the matter, Mr.
Golyadkin took his hat, went out of the room, locked up his
flat, went in to the porter, gave him the key, together with ten
kopecks - Mr. Golyadkin had become extraordinarily
free-handed of late - and rushed off.  Mr. Golyadkin went
first on foot to the Ismailovsky Bridge.  It took him half an
hour to get there.  When he reached to goal of his journey he
went straight into the yard of the house so familiar to him,
and glanced up at the windows of the civil councillor
Berendyev's flat.  Except for three windows hung with red
curtains all the rest was dark.
    "Olsufy Ivanovitch has no visitors today," thought Mr.
Golyadkin; "they must all be staying at home today."
    After standing for some time in the yard, our hero tried to
decide on some course of action.  but he was apparently not
destined to reach a decision.  Mr. Golyadkin changed his
mind, and with a wave of his hand went back into the street.
    "No, there's no need for me to go today.  What could I do
here? . . . No, I'd better, so to speak . . . I'll investigate the
matter personally."
    Coming to this conclusion, Mr. Golyadkin rushed off to
his office.  He had a long way to go.  It was horribly muddy,
besides, and the wet snow lay about in thick drifts.  But it
seemed as though difficulty did not exist for our hero at the
moment.  He was drenched through, it is true, and he was a
ood deal spattered with mud.
    "But that's no matter, so long as the object is obtained."
    And Mr. Golyadkin certainly was nearing his goal.  The
dark mass of the huge government building stood up black
before his eyes.
    "Stay," he thought; "where am I going, and what am I
going to do here?  Suppose I do find out where he lives? 
Meanwhile, Petrushka will certainly have come back and
brought me the answer.  I am only wasting my precious time,
I am simply wasting my time.  Though shouldn't I, perhaps,
go in and see Vahramyev?  But, no, I'll go later. . . . Ech! 
There was no need to have gone out at all.  But, there, it's my
temperament!  I've a knack of always seizing a chance of
rushing ahead of things, whether there is a need to or not. . .
. H'm! . . . what time is it?  It must be nine by now. 
Petrushka might come and not find me at home.  It was pure
folly on my part to go out. . . Ech, it is really a nuisance!"
    Sincerely acknowledging that he had been guilty of an act
of folly, our hero ran back to Shestilavotchny Street.  He
arrived there, weary and exhausted.  From the porter he
learned that Petrushka has not dreamed of turning up yet.
    "To be sure!  I foresaw it would be so," thought our hero;
and meanwhile it's nine o'clock.  Ech, he's such a
good-for-nothing chap!  He's always drinking somewhere! 
Mercy on us!  What a day had fallen to my miserable lot!"
    Reflecting in this way, Mr. Golyadkin unlocked his flat,
got a light, took off his outdoor things, lighted his pipe and,
tired, worn-out, exhausted and hungry, lay down on the sofa
and waited for Petrushka.  The candle burnt dimly; the light
flickered on the wall. . . . Mr. Golyadkin gazed and gazed,
and thought and thought, and fell asleep at last, worn out.
    It was late when he woke up.  The candle had almost burnt
down, was smoking and on the point of going out.  Mr.
Golyadkin jumped up, shook himself, and remembered it all,
absolutely all.  behind the screen he heard Petrushka snoring
lustily.  Mr. Golyadkin rushed to the window - not a light
anywhere.  he opened the movable pane - all was still; the
city was asleep as though it were dead: so it must have been
two or three o'clock; so it proved to be, indeed; the clock
behind the partition made an effort and struck two.  Mr.
Golyadkin rushed behind the partition.
    He succeeded, somehow, though only after great exertions,
in rousing Petrushka, and making him sit up in his bed.  At
that moment the candle went out completely.  About ten
minutes passed before Mr. Golyadkin succeeded in finding
another candle and lighting it.  In the interval Petrushka had
fallen asleep again.
    "You scoundrel, you worthless fellow!" said Mr.
Golyadkin, shaking him up again.  "Will you get up, will you
wake?"  After half an hour of effort Mr. Golyadkin
succeeded, however, in rousing his servant thoroughly, and
dragging him out from behind the partition.  Only then, our
hero remarked the fact that Petrushka was what is called
dead-drunk and could hardly stand on his legs.
    "You good-for-nothing fellow!" cried Mr. Golyadkin;
"you ruffian!  You'll be the death of me! Good heavens!
whatever has he done with the letter?  Ach, my God! where
is it? . . . And why did I write it?  As though there were any
need for me to have written it!  I went scribbling away out of
pride, like a noodle!  I've got myself into this fix out of pride! 
That is what dignity does for you, you rascal, that is dignity!
. . . Come, what have you done with the letter, you ruffian? 
To whom did you give it?"
    "I didn't give any one any letter; and I never had any letter
. . . so there!"
    Mr. Golyadkin wrung his hands in despair.
    "Listen, Pyotr . . . listen to me, listen to me . . ."
    "I am listening . . ."
    "Where have you been? - answer . . ."
    "Where have I been . . . I've been to see good people! 
What is it to me!"
    "Oh, Lord, have mercy on us!  Where did you go, to begin
with?  Did you go to the department? . . . Listen, Pyotr,
perhaps you're drunk?"
    "Me drunk!  If I should be struck on the spot this minute,
not a drop, not a drop - so there. . . ."
    "No, no, it's no matter you're being drunk. . . . I only
asked; it's all right your being drunk; I don't mind, Petrushka,
I don't mind. . . . Perhaps it's only that you have forgotten,
but you'll remember it all.  Come, try to remember - have you
been to that clerk's, to Vahramyev's; have you been to him or
    "I have not been, and there's no such clerk.  Not if I were
this minute . . ."
    "No, no, Pyotr!  No, Petrushka, you know I don't mind. 
Why, you see I don't mind. . . . Come, what happened?  To
be sure, it's cold and damp in the street, and so a man has a
drop, and it's no matter.  I am not angry.  I've been drinking
myself today, my boy. . . . Come, think and try and
remember, did you go to Vahramyev?"
    "Well, then, now, this is how it was, it's the truth - I did
go, if this very minute . . ."
    "Come, that is right, Petrushka, that is quite right that
you've been.  you see I'm not angry. . . . Come, come," our
hero went on, coaxing his servant more and more, patting
him on the shoulder and smiling to him, "come, you had a
little nip, you scoundrel. . . . You had two-penn'orth of
something I suppose?  You're a sly rogue!  Well, that's no
matter; come, you see that I'm not angry . . . . I'm not angry,
my boy, I'm not angry. . . ."
    "No, I'm not a sly rogue, say what you like. . . . I only
went to see some good friends.  I'm not a rogue, and I never
have been a rogue. . . ."
    "Oh, no, no, Petrushka; listen, Petrushka, you know I'm
not scolding when I called you a rogue.  I said that in fun, I
said it in a good sense.  You see, Petrushka, it is sometimes
a compliment to a man when you call him a rogue, a cunning
fellow, that he's a sharp chap and would not let any one take
him in.  Some men like it . . . Come, come, it doesn't matter! 
Come, tell me, Petrushka, without keeping anything back,
openly, as to a friend . . . did you go to Vahramyev's, and did
he give you the address?"
    "He did give me the address, he did give me the address
too.  He's a nice gentleman!  'You master,' says he, 'is a nice
man,' says he, 'very nice man;' says he,  'I send my regards,'
says he, 'to your master, thank him and say that I like him,'
says he - 'how I do respect your master,' says he.  'Because,'
says he, 'your master, Petrushka,' says he, 'is a good man, and
you,' says he, 'Petrushka, are a good man too . . . .'"
    "Ah, mercy on us!  But the address, the address!  You
Judas!"  The last word Mr. Golyadkin uttered almost in a
    "And the address . . . he did give the address too."
    "He did?  Well, where does Golyadkin, the clerk
Golyadkin, the titular councillor, live?"
    "'Why,' says he, 'Golyadkin will be now at Shestilavotchny
Street.  When you get into Shestilavotchny Street take the
stairs on the right and it's on the fourth floor.  And there,'
says he, 'you'll find Golyadkin. . . ."
    "You scoundrel!" our hero cried, out of patience at last. 
"You're a ruffian!  Why, that's my address; why, you are
talking about me.  But there's another Golyadkin; I'm talking
about the other one, you scoundrel!"
    "Well, that's as you please!  What is it to me?  Have it your
own way . . ."
    "And the letter, the letter?" . . .
    "What letter?  There wasn't any letter, and I didn't see any
    "But what have you done with it, you rascal?"
    "I delivered the letter, I delivered it.  He sent his regards. 
'Thank you,' says he, 'your master's a nice man,' says he. 
'Give my regards,' says he, 'to your master. . . .'"
    "But who said that?  Was it Golyadkin said it?"
    Petrushka said nothing for a moment, and then, with a
broad grin, he stared straight into his master's face. . . .
    "Listen, you scoundrel!" began Mr. Golyadkin, breathless,
beside himself with fury; "listen, you rascal, what have you
done to me?  Tell me what you've done to me!  You've
destroyed me, you villain, you've cut the head off my
shoulders, you Judas!"
    "Well, have it your own way!  I don't care," said Petrushka
in a resolute voice, retreating behind the screen.
    "Come here, come here, you ruffian. . . ."
    "I'm not coming to you now, I'm not coming at all.  What
do I care, I'm going to good folks. . . . Good folks live
honestly, good folks live without falsity, and they never have
doubles. . . ."
    Mr. Golyadkin's hands and feet went icy cold, his breath
failed him. . . .
    "Yes," Petrushka went on, "they never have doubles.  God
doesn't afflict honest folk. . . ."
    "You worthless fellow, you are drunk!  Go to sleep now,
you ruffian!  And tomorrow you'll catch it," Mr. Golyadkin
added in a voice hardly audible.  As for Petrushka, he
muttered something more; then he could be heard getting into
bed, making the bed creak.  After a prolonged yawn, he
stretched; and at last began snoring, and slept the sleep of the
just, as they say.  Mr. Golyadkin was more dead than alive. 
Petrushka's behaviour, his very strange hints, which were yet
so remote that it was useless to be angry at them, especially
as they were uttered by a drunken man, and, in short, the
sinister turn taken by the affair altogether, all this shook Mr.
Golyadkin to the depths of his being.
    "And what possessed me to go for him in the middle of the
night?" said our hero, trembling all over from a sickly
sensation.  "What the devil made me have anything to do
with a drunken man!  What could I expect from a drunken
man?  Whatever he says is a lie.  But what was he hinting at,
the ruffian?  Lord, have mercy on us!  And why did I write
that letter?  I'm my own enemy, I'm my own murderer!  As
if I couldn't hold my tongue?  I had to go scribbling
nonsense!  And what now!  You are going to ruin, you are
like an old rag, and yet you worry about your pride; you say,
'my honour is wounded,' you must stick up for your honour! 
Mr own murderer, that is what I am!"
    Thus spoke Mr. Golyadkin and hardly dared to stir for
terror.  At last his eyes fastened upon an object which excited
his interest to the utmost.  In terror lest the object that caught
his attention should prove to be an illusion, a deception of his
fancy, he stretched out his hand to it with hope, with dread,
with indescribable curiosity. . . . No, it was not a deception 
Not a delusion!  It was a letter, really a letter, undoubtedly a
letter, and addressed to him.  Mr. Golyadkin took the letter
from the table.  His heart beat terribly.
    "No doubt that scoundrel brought it," he thought, "put it
there, and then forgot it; no doubt that is how it happened: no
doubt that is just how it happened. . . ."
    The letter was from Vahramyev, a young fellow-clerk who
had once been his friend.  "I had a presentiment of this,
thought," thought our hero, "and I had a presentiment of all
that there will be in the letter. . . ."
    The letter was as follows -

    "Dear Sir Yakov Petrovitch!
        "Your servant is drunk, and there is no getting any sense
out of him.  For that reason I prefer to reply by letter.  I
hasten to inform you that the commission you've entrusted to
me - that is, to deliver a letter to a certain person you know,
I agree to carry out carefully and exactly.  That person, who
is very well known to you and who has taken the place of a
friend to me, whose name I will refrain from mentioning
(because I do not wish unnecessarily to blacken the
reputation of a perfectly innocent man), lodges with us at
Karolina Ivanovna's, in the room in which, when you were
among us, the infantry officer from Tambov used to be.  That
person, however, is always to be found in the company of
honest and true-hearted persons, which is more than one can
say for some people.  I intend from this day to break off all
connection with you; it's impossible for us to remain on
friendly terms and to keep up the appearance of comradeship
congruous with them.  And, therefore, I beg you, dear sir,
immediately on the receipt of this candid letter from me, to
send me the two roubles you owe me for the razor of foreign
make which I sold you seven months ago, if you will kindly
remember, when you were still living with us in the lodgings
of Karolina Ivanovna, a lady whom I respect from the bottom
of my heart.  I am acting in this way because you, from the
accounts I hear from sensible persons, have lost your dignity
and reputation and have become a source of danger to the
morals of the innocent and uncontaminated.  For some
persons are not straightforward, their words are full of falsity
and their show of good intentions is suspicious.  People can
always be found capable of insulting Karolina Ivanovna, who
is always irreproachable in her conduct, and an honest
woman, and, what's more, a maiden lady, though no longer
young - though, on the other hand, of a good foreign family
- and this fact I've been asked to mention in this letter by
several persons, and I speak also for myself.  In any case you
will learn all in due time, if you haven't learnt it yet, though
you've made yourself notorious from one end of the town to
the other, according to the accounts I hear from sensible
people, and consequently might well have received
intelligence relating to you, my dear sir, that a certain person
you know, whose name I will not mention here, for certain
honourable reasons, is highly respected by right-thinking
people, and is, moreover, of lively and agreeable disposition,
and is equally successful in the service and in the society of
persons of common sense, is true in word and in friendship,
and does not insult behind their back those with whom he is
on friendly terms to their face.
    "In any case, I remain
        "Your obedient servant,
            "N. Vahramyev."

    "P.S.  You had better dismiss your man: he is a drunkard
and probably gives you a great deal of trouble; you had better
engage Yevstafy, who used to be in service here, and is not
out of a place.  Your present servant is not only a drunkard,
but, what's more, he's a thief, for only last week he sold a
pound of sugar to Karolina Ivanovna at less than cost price,
which, in my opinion, he could not have done otherwise than
by robing you in a very sly way, little by little, at different
times.  I write this to you for your own good, although some
people can do nothing but insult and deceive everybody,
especially persons of honesty and good nature; what is more,
they slander them behind their back and misrepresent them,
simply from envy, and because they can't call themselves the

    After reading Vahramyev's letter our hero remained for a
long time sitting motionless on his sofa.  A new light seemed
breaking through the obscure and baffling fog which had
surrounded him for the last two days.  Our hero seemed to
reach a partial understanding . . . He tried to get up from the
sofa to take a turn about the room, to rouse himself, to collect
his scattered ideas, to fix them upon a certain subject and
then to set himself to rights a little, to think over his position
thoroughly.  But as soon as he tried to stand up he fell back
again at once, weak and helpless.  "Yes, of course, I had a
presentiment of all that; how he writes though, and what is
the real meaning of his words.  Supposing I do understand
the meaning; but what is it leading to?  He should have said
straight out: this and that is wanted, and I would have done
it.  Things have taken such a turn, things have come to such
an unpleasant pass!  Oh, if only tomorrow would make haste
and come, and I could make haste and get to work!  I know
now what to do.  I shall say this and that, I shall agree with
his arguments, I won't sell my honour, but . . . maybe; but he,
that person we know of, that disagreeable person, how does
he come to be mixed up in it?  And why has he turned up
here?  Oh, if tomorrow would make haste and come!  They'll
slander me before then, they are intriguing, they are working
to spite me!  The great thing is not to lose time, and now, for
instance, to write a letter, and to say this and that and that I
agree to this and that.  And as soon as it is daylight tomorrow
send it off, before he can do anything . . . and so checkmate
them, get in before them, the darlings. . . . They will ruin me
by their slanders, and that's the fact of the matter!"
    Mr. Golyadkin drew the paper to him, took up a pen and
wrote the following missive in answer to the secretary's letter

    "Dear Sir Nestor Ignatyevitch!
        "With amazement mingled with heartfelt distress I have
perused your insulting letter to me, for I see clearly that you
are referring to me when you speak of certain discreditable
persons and false friends.  I see with genuine sorrow how
rapidly the calumny has spread and how deeply it has taken
root, to the detriment of my prosperity, my honour and my
good name.  And this is the more distressing and mortifying
that even honest people of a genuinely noble way of thinking
and, what is even more important, of straightforward and
open dispositions, abandon the interests of honourable men
and with all the qualities of their hearts attach themselves to
the pernicious corruption, which in our difficult and immoral
age has unhappily increased and multiplied so greatly and so
disloyally.  In conclusion, I will say that the debt of two
roubles of which you remind me I regard as a sacred duty to
return to you in its entirety.
    "As for your hints concerning a certain person of the
female sex, concerning the intentions, calculations and
various designs of that person, I can only tell you, sir, that I
have but a very dim and obscure understanding of those
insinuations.  Permit me, sir, to preserve my honourable way
of thinking and my good name undefiled, in any case.  I am
ready to stoop to a written explanation as more secure, and I
am, moreover, ready to enter into conciliatory proposals on
mutual terms, of course.  To that end I beg you, my dear sir,
to convey to that person my readiness for a personal
arrangement and, what is more, to beg her to fix the time and
place of the interview.  It grieved me, sir, to read your hints
of my having insulted you, having been treacherous to our
original friendship and having spoken ill of you.  I ascribe
this misunderstanding to the abominable calumny, envy and
ill-will of those whom I may justly stigmatize as my bitterest
foes.  But I suppose they do not know that innocence is
strong through its very innocence, that the shamelessness, the
insolence and the revolting familiarity of some persons,
sooner or later gains the stigma of universal contempt; and
that such persons come to ruin through nothing but their own
worthlessness and the corruption of their own hearts.  In
conclusion, I beg you, sir, to convey to those persons that
their strange pretensions and their dishonourable and
fantastic desire to squeeze others out of the position which
those others occupy, by their very existence in this world,
and to take their place, are deserving of contempt,
amazement, compassion and, what is more, the madhouse;
moreover, such efforts are severely prohibited by law, which
in my opinion is perfectly just, for every one ought to be
satisfied with his own position.  Every one has his fixed
position, and if this is a joke it is a joke in very bad taste.  I
will say more: it is utterly immoral, for, I make bold to assure
you, sir, my own views which I have expounded above, in
regard to keeping one's own place, are purely moral.
    "In any case I have the honour to remain,
            "Your humble servant,
                "Y. Golyadkin."

Chapter X

Altogether, we may say, the adventures of the previous day
had thoroughly unnerved Mr. Golyadkin.  Our hero passed a
very bad night; that is, he did not get thoroughly off to sleep
for five minutes: as though some practical joker had scattered
bristles in his bed.  He spent the whole night in a sort of
half-sleeping state, tossing from side to side, from right to
left, moaning and groaning, dozing off for a moment, waking
up again a minute later, and all was accompanied by a
strange misery, vague memories, hideous visions - in fact,
everything disagreeable that can be imagined. . . .
    At one moment the figure of Andrey Filippovitch appeared
before him in a strange, mysterious half-light.  It was a frigid,
wrathful figure, with a cold, harsh eye and with stiffly polite
word of blame on its lips . . . and as soon as Mr. Golyadkin
began going up to Andrey Filippovitch to defend himself in
some way and to prove to him that he was not at all such as
his enemies represented him, that he was like this and like
that, that he even possessed innate virtues of his own,
superior to the average - at once a person only too well
known for his discreditable behaviour appeared on the scene,
and by some most revolting means instantly frustrated poor
Mr. Golyadkin's efforts, on the spot, almost before the latter's
eyes, blackened his reputation, trampled his dignity in the
mud, and then immediately took possession of his place in
the service and in society.
    At another time Mr. Golyadkin's head felt sore from some
sort of slight blow of late conferred and humbly accepted,
received either in the course of daily life or somehow in the
performance of his duty, against which blow it was difficult
to protest . . . And while Mr. Golyadkin was racking his
brains over the question of why it was difficult to protest
even against such a blow, this idea of a blow gradually
melted away into a different form - into the form of some
familiar, trifling, or rather important piece of nastiness which
he had seen, heard, or even himself committed - and
frequently committed, indeed, and not on nasty ground, not
from any nasty impulse, even, but just because it happened
- sometimes, for instance, out of delicacy, another time
owing to his absolute defencelessness - in fact, because . . .
because, in fact, Mr. Golyadkin knew perfectly well because
of what!  At this point Mr. Golyadkin blushed in his sleep,
and, smothering his blushes, muttered to himself that in this
case he ought to be able to show the strength of his character,
he ought to be able to show in this case the remarkable
strength of his character, and then wound up by asking
himself, "What, after all, is strength of character?  Why
understand it now?" . . .
    But what irritated and enraged Mr. Golyadkin most of all
was that invariably, at such a moment, a person well known
for his undignified burlesque turned up uninvited, and,
regardless of the fact that the matter was apparently settled,
he, too, would begin muttering, with an unseemly little smile
"What's the use of strength of character!  How could you and
I, Yakov Petrovitch, have strength of character? . . ."
    Then Mr. Golyadkin would dream that he was in the
company of a number of persons distinguished for their wit
and good breeding; that he, Mr. Golyadkin, too, was
conspicuous for his wit and politeness, that everybody like
him, which was very agreeable to Mr. Golyadkin, too, was
conspicuous for his wit and politeness, that everybody liked
him, even some of his enemies who were present began to
like him, which was very agreeable to Mr. Golyadkin; that
every one gave him precedence, and that at last Mr.
Golyadkin himself, with gratification, overheard the host,
drawing one of the guests aside, speak in his, Mr.
Golyadkin's praise . . . and all of a sudden, apropos of
nothing, there appeared again a person, notorious for his
treachery and brutal impulses, in the form of Mr. Golyadkin
junior, and on the spot, at once, by his very appearance on
the scene, Mr. Golyadkin junior destroyed the whole triumph
and glory of Mr. Golyadkin senior, eclipsed Mr. Golyadkin
senior, trampled him in the mud, and, at last, proved clearly
that Golyadkin senior - that is, the genuine one - was not the
genuine one at all but the sham, and that he, Golyadkin
junior, was the real one; that, in fact, Mr. Golyadkin senior
was not at all what he appeared to be, but something very
disgraceful, and that consequently he had no right to mix in
the society of honourable and well-bred people.  And all this
was done so quickly that Mr. Golyadkin had not time to open
his mouth before all of them were subjugated, body and soul,
by the wicked, sham Mr. Golyadkin, and with profound
contempt rejected him, the real and innocent Mr. Golyadkin. 
There was not one person left whose opinion the infamous
Mr. Golyadkin would not have changed round.  There was
not left one person, even the most insignificant of the
company, to whom the false and worthless Mr. Golyadkin
would not make up in his blandest manner, upon whom he
would not fawn in his own way, before whom he would not
burn sweet and agreeable incense, so that the flattered person
simply sniffed and sneezed till the tears came, in token of the
intensest pleasure.  And the worst of it was that all this was
done in a flash: the swiftness of movement of the false and
worthless Mr. Golyadkin was marvellous!  he sincerely had
time, for instance, to make up to one person and win his good
graces - and before one could wink an eye he was at another. 
He stealthily fawns on another, drops a smile of benevolence,
twirls on his short, round, though rather wooden-looking leg,
and already he's at a third, and is cringing upon a third, he's
making up to him in a friendly way; before one has time to
open one's mouth, before one has time to feel surprised he's
at a fourth, at the same manoeuvres with him - it was
horrible: sorcery and nothing else!  And every one was
pleased with him and everybody liked him, and every one
was exalting him, and all were proclaiming in chorus that his
politeness and sarcastic wit were infinitely superior to the
politeness  and sarcastic wit of the real Mr. Golyadkin and
putting the real and innocent Mr. Golyadkin to shame
thereby and rejecting the veritable Mr. Golyadkin, and
shoving and pushing out the loyal Mr. Golyadkin, and
showering blows on the man so well known for his love
towards his fellow creatures! . . .
    In misery, in terror and in fury, the cruelly treated Mr.
Golyadkin ran out into the street and began trying to take a
cab in order to drive straight to his Excellency's, or, at any
rate, to Andrey Filippovitch, but - horror! the cabman
absolutely refused to take Mr. Golyadkin, saying, "We
cannot drive two gentlemen exactly alike, sir; a good man
tries to like honestly, your honour, and never has a double." 
Overcome with shame, the unimpeachable, honest Mr.
Golyadkin looked round and did, in fact, assure himself with
his own eyes that the cabman and Petrushka, who had joined
them, were all quite right, for the depraved Mr. Golyadkin
was actually on the spot, beside him, close at hand, and with
his characteristic nastiness was again, at this critical moment,
certainly preparing to do something very unseemly, and quite
out of keeping with that gentlemanliness of character which
is usually acquired by good breeding - that gentlemanliness
of which the loathsome Mr. Golyadkin the second was
always boasting on every opportunity.  Beside himself with
shame and despair, the utterly ruined though perfectly just
Mr. Golyadkin dashed headlong away, wherever fate might
lead him; but with every step he took, with every thud of his
foot on the granite of the pavement, there leapt up as though
out of the earth a Mr. Golyadkin precisely the same, perfectly
alike, and of a revolting depravity of heart.  And all these
precisely similar Golyadkins set to running after one another
as soon as they appeared, and stretched in a long chain like
a file of geese, hobbling after the real Mr. Golyadkin, so
there was nowhere to escape from these duplicates - so that
Mr. Golyadkin, who was in every way deserving of
compassion, was breathless with terror; so that at last a
terrible multitude of duplicates had sprung into being; so that
the whole town was obstructed at last by duplicate
Golyadkins, and the police officer, seeing such a breach of
decorum, was obliged to seize all these duplicates by the
collar and to put them into the watch-house, which happened
to be beside him . . . Numb and chill with horror, our hero
woke up, and numb and chill with horror felt that his waking
state was hardly more cheerful . . . It was oppressive and
harrowing . . . He was overcome by such anguish that it
seemed as though some one were gnawing at his heart.
    At last Mr. Golyadkin could endure it no longer.  "This
shall not be!" he cried, resolutely sitting up in bed, and after
this exclamation he felt fully awake.
    It seemed as though it were rather late in the day.  It was
unusually light in the room.  The sunshine filtered through
the frozen panes and flooded the room with light, which
surprised Mr. Golyadkin not a little and, so far as Mr.
Golyadkin could remember, at least, there had scarcely ever
been such exceptions in the course of the heavenly luminary
before.  Our hero had hardly time to wonder at this when he
heard the clock buzzing behind the partition as thought it was
just on the point of striking.  "Now," thought Mr. Golyadkin,
and he prepared to listen with painful suspense. . . .
    But to complete Mr. Golyadkin's astonishment, clock
whirred and only struck once.
    "What does this mean?" cried out hero, finally leaping out
of bed.  And, unable to believe his ears, he rushed behind the
screen just as he was.  It actually was one o'clock.  Mr.
Golyadkin glanced at Petrushka's bed; but the room did not
even smell of Petrushka: his bed had long been made and
left, his boots were nowhere to be seen either - an
unmistakable sign that Petrushka was not in the house.  Mr.
Golyadkin rushed to the door: the door was locked.  "But
where is he, where is Petrushka?" he went on in a whisper,
conscious of intense excitement and feeling a perceptible
tremor run all over him . . . Suddenly a thought floated into
his mind . . . Mr. Golyadkin rushed to the table, looked all
over it, felt all round  - yes, it was true, his letter of the night
before to Vahramyev was not there.  Petrushka was nowhere
behind the screen either, the clock had just struck one, and
some new points were evident to him in Vahramyev's letter,
points that were obscure at first sight though now they were
fully explained.  Petrushka had evidently been bribed at last! 
"Yes, yes, that was so!"
    "So this was how the chief plot was hatched!" cried Mr.
Golyadkin, slapping himself on the forehead, opening his
eyes wider and wider; "so in that filthy German woman's den
the whole power of evil lies hidden now!  So she was only
making a strategic diversion in directing me to the
Ismailovsky Bridge - she was putting me off the scent,
confusing me (the worthless witch), and in that way laying
her mines!  Yes, that is so!  If one only looks at the thing
from that point of view, all of this is bound to be so, and the
scoundrel's appearance on the scene is fully explained: it's all
part and parcel of the same thing.  They've kept him in
reserve a long while, they had him in readiness for the evil
day.  This is how it has all turned out!  This is what it has
come to.  But there, never mind.  No time has been lost so
    At this point Mr. Golyadkin recollected with horror that it
was past one in the afternoon.  "What if they have succeeded
by now? . . ."  He uttered a moan. . . . "But, no, they are
lying, they've not had time -we shall see. . . ."
    He dressed after a fashion, seized paper and a pen, and
scribbled the following missive -

    "Dear Sir Yakov Petrovitch!
        "Either you or I, but both together is out of the question! 
And so I must inform you that your strange, absurd, and at
the same time impossible desire to appear to be my twin and
to give yourself out as such serves no other purpose than to
bring about your complete disgrace and discomfiture.  And
so I beg you, for the sake of your own advantage, to step
aside and make way for really honourable men of loyal aims. 
In the opposite case I am ready to determine upon extreme
measures.  I lay down my pen and await . . . However, I
remain ready to oblige or to meet you with pistols.
                         "Y. Golyadkin."

    Our hero rubbed his hands energetically when he had
finished the letter.  Then, pulling on his greatcoat and putting
on his hat, he unlocked his flat with a spare key and set off
for the department.  He reached the office but could not make
up his mind to go in - it was by now too late.  It was half-past
two by Mr. Golyadkin's watch.  All at once a circumstance of
apparently little importance settled some doubts in Mr.
Golyadkin's mind: a flushed and breathless figure suddenly
made its appearance from behind the screen of the
department building and with a stealthy movement like a rat
he darted up the steps and into the entry.  It was a copying
clerk called Ostafyev, a man Mr. Golyadkin knew very well,
who was rather useful and ready to do anything for a trifle. 
Knowing Ostafyev's weak spot and surmising that after his
brief, unavoidable absence he would probably be greedier
than ever for tips, our hero made up his mind not to be
sparing of them, and immediately darted up the steps, and
then into the entry after him, called to him and, with a
mysterious are, drew him aside into a convenient corner,
behind a huge iron stove.  And having led him there, our hero
began questioning him.
    "Well, my dear fellow, how are things going in there . . .
you understand me? . . ."
    "Yes, your honour, I wish you good health, your honour."
    "All right, my good man, all right; but I'll reward you, my
good fellow.  Well, you see, how are things?"
    "What is your honour asking?"  At this point Ostafyev
held his hand as though by accident before his open mouth.
    "You see, my dear fellow, this is how it is . . . but don't
you imagine . . . Come, is Andrey Filippovitch here?. . ."
    "Yes, he is here."
    "And are the clerks here?"
    "Yes, sir, they are here as usual."
    "And his Excellency too?"
    "And his Excellency too."  Here the man held his hand
before his mouth again, and looked rather curiously and
strangely at Mr. Golyadkin, so at least our hero fancied.
    "And there's nothing special there, my good man?"
    "No, sir, certainly not, sir."
    "So there's nothing concerning me, my friend.  Is there
nothing going on there - that is, nothing more than . . . eh?
nothing more, you understand, my friend?"
    "No, sir, I've heard nothing so far, sir."  Again the man put
his hand before his mouth and again looked rather strangely
at Mr. Golyadkin.  The fact was, Mr. Golyadkin was trying
to read Ostafyev's countenance, trying to discover whether
there was not something hidden in it.  And, in fact, he did
look as though he were hiding something: Ostafyev seemed
to grow colder and more churlish, and did not enter into Mr.
Golyadkin's interests with the same sympathy as at the
beginning of the conversation.  "He is to some extent
justified," thought Mr. Golyadkin.  "After all, what am I to
him?  Perhaps he has already been bribed by the other side,
and that's why he has just been absent.  but, here, I'll try him
. . ."  Mr. Golyadkin realized that the moment for kopecks
had arrived.
    "Here, my dear fellow . . ."
    "I'm feelingly grateful for your honour's kindness."
    "I'll give you more than that."
    "Yes, your honour."
    "I'll give you some more directly, and when the business
is over I'll give you as much again. Do you understand?"
    The clerk did not speak.  He stood at attention and stared
fixedly at Mr. Golyadkin.
    "Come, tell me now: have you heard nothing about me? .
. ."
    "I think, so far, I have not . . . so to say . . . nothing so far." 
Ostafyev, like Mr. Golyadkin, spoke deliberately and
preserved a mysterious air, moving his eyebrows a little,
looking at the ground, trying to fall into the suitable tone,
and, in fact, doing his very utmost to earn what had been
promised him, for what he had received already he reckoned
as already earned.
    "And you know nothing?"
    "So far, nothing, sir."
    "Listen . . . you know . . . maybe you will know . . ."
    "Later on, of course, maybe I shall know."
    "It's a poor look out," thought our hero.  "Listen: here's
something more, my dear fellow."
    "I am truly grateful to your honour."
    "Was Vahramyev here yesterday? . . ."
    "Yes, sir."
    "And . . . somebody else? . . . Was he? . . . Try and
remember, brother."
    The man ransacked his memory for a moment, and could
think of nothing appropriate.
    "No, sir, there wasn't anybody else."
    "H'm!" a silence followed.
    "Listen, brother, here's some more; tell me all, every
    "Yes, sir," Ostafyev had by now become as soft as silk;
which was just what Mr. Golyadkin needed.
    "Explain to me now, my good man, what footing is he
    "All right, sir, a good one, sir," answered the man, gazing
open-eyed at Mr. Golyadkin.
    "How do you mean, all right?"
    "Well, it's just like that, sir."  Here Ostafyev twitched his
eyebrows significantly.  But he was utterly nonplussed and
didn't know what more to say.
    "It's a poor look out," thought Mr. Golyadkin.
    "And hasn't anything more happened . . . in there . . . about
    "But everything is just as usual."
    "Think a little."
    "There is, they say . . ."
    "Come, what?"
    Ostafyev put his hand in front of his mouth.
    "Wasn't there a letter . . . from here . . . to me?"
    "Mihyeev the attendant went to Vahramyev's lodging, to
their German landlady, so I'll go and ask him if you like."
    "Do me the favour, brother, for goodness' sake! . . . I only
mean . . . you mustn't imagine anything, brother, I only mean
. . . Yes, you question him, brother, find out whether they are
not getting up something concerning me.  Find out how he is
acting.  That is what I want; that is what you must find out,
my dear fellow, and then I'll reward you, my good man. . . ."
    "I will, your honour, and Ivan Semyonovitch sat in your
place today, sir."
    "Ivan Semyonovitch?  Oh! really, you don't say so."
    "Andrey Filippovitch told him to sit there."
    "Re-al-ly!  How did that happen?  You must find out,
brother; for God's sake find out, brother; find it all out - and
I'll reward you, my dear fellow; that's what I want to know .
. . and don't you imagine anything, brother. . . ."
    "Just so, sir, just so; I'll go at once.  And aren't you going
in today, sir?"
    "No, my friend; I only looked round, I only looked round,
you know.  I only came to have a look round, my friend, and
I'll reward you afterwards, my friend."
    "Yes, sir."  The man ran rapidly and eagerly up the stairs
and Mr. Golyadkin was left alone.
    "It's a poor look out!" he thought.  "Eh, it's a bad business,
a bad business!  Ech! things are in a bad way with us now! 
What does it all mean?  What did that drunkard's insinuations
mean, for instance, and whose trickery was it?  Ah!  I know
whose it was.  And what a thing this is.  No doubt they found
out and made him sit there. . . . But, after all, did they sit him
there?  It was Andrey Filippovitch sat him there and with
what object?  Probably they found out. . . . That is
Vahramyev's work - that is, not Vahramyev, he is as stupid
as an ashen post, Vahramyev is, and they are all at work on
his behalf, and they egged that scoundrel on to come here for
the same purpose, and the German woman brought up her
grievance, the one-eyed hussy.  I always suspected that this
intrigue was not without an object and that in all this
old-womanish gossip there must be something, and I said as
much to Krestyan Ivanovitch, telling him they'd sworn to cut
a man's throat - in a moral sense, of course - and they
pounced upon Karolina Ivanovna.  Yes, there are master
hands at work in this, one can see!  Yes, sir, there are master
hands at work in this, not Vahramyev's.  I've said already that
Vahramyev is stupid, but . . . I know who it is behind it all,
it's that rascal, that impostor!  It's only that he relies upon,
which is partly proved by his successes in the best society. 
And it would certainly be desirable to know on what footing
he stands now.  What is he now among them?  Only, why
have they taken Ivan Semyonovitch?  What the devil do they
want with Ivan Semyonovitch?  Could not they have found
any one else?  Though it would come to the same thing
whoever it had been, and the only thing I know is that I have
suspected Ivan Semyonovitch for a long time past.  I noticed
long ago what a nasty, horrid old man he was - they say he
lends money and takes interest like any Jew.  To be sure, the
bear's the leading spirit in the whole affair.  One can detect
the bear in the whole affair.  It began in this way.  It began at
the Ismailovsky Bridge; that's how it began . . ."
    At this point Mr. Golyadkin frowned, as though he had
taken a bit out of a lemon, probably remembering something
very unpleasant.
    "But, there, it doesn't matter," he thought.  "I keep harping
on my own troubles.  What will Ostafyev find out?  Most
likely he is staying on or has been delayed somehow.  It is a
good thing, in a sense, that I am intriguing like this, and am
laying mines on my side too.  I've only to give Ostafyev ten
kopecks and he's . . . so to speak, on my side.  Only the point
is, is he really on my side?  Perhaps they've got him on their
side too . . . and they are carrying on an intrigue by means of
him on their side too.  He looks a ruffian, the rascal, a regular
ruffian; he's hiding something, the rogue.  'No, nothing,' says
he, 'and I am deeply grateful to your honour.' says he.  You
ruffian, you!"
    He heard a noise . . . Mr. Golyadkin shrank up and skipped
behind the stove.  Some one came down stairs and went out
into the street.  "Who could that be going away now?" our
hero thought to himself.  A minute later footsteps were
audible again . . . At this point Mr. Golyadkin could not resist
poking the very tip of his nose out beyond his corner - he
poked it out and instantly withdrew it again, as though some
one had pricked it with a pin.  This time some one he knew
well was coming - that is the scoundrel, the intriguer and the
reprobate - he was approaching with his usual mean, tripping
little step, prancing and shuffling with his feet as though he
were going to kick some one.
    "The rascal," said our hero to himself.
    Mr. Golyadkin could not, however, help observing that the
rascal had under his arm a huge green portfolio belonging to
his Excellency.
    "He's on a special commission again," thought Mr.
Golyadkin, flushing crimson and shrinking into himself more
than ever from vexation.
    As soon as Mr. Golyadkin junior had slipped past Mr.
Golyadkin senior without observing him in the least,
footsteps were heard for the third time, and this time Mr.
Golyadkin guessed that these were Ostafyev's.  It was, in
fact, the sleek figure of a copying clerk, Pisarenko by name. 
This surprised Mr. Golyadkin.  Why had he mixed up other
people in their secret?  our hero wondered.  What barbarians!
nothing is sacred to them!  "Well, my friend?" he brought
out, addressing Pisarenko: "who sent you, my friend? . . ."
    "I've come about your business.  There's no news so far
from any one.  But should there be any we'll let you know."
    "And Ostafyev?"
    "It was quite impossible for him to come, your honour. 
His Excellency has walked through the room twice, and I've
no time to stay."
    "Thank you, my good man, thank you . . . only, tell me . .
    "Upon my word, sir, I can't stay. . . . They are asking for
us every minute . . . but if your honour will stay here, we'll
let you know if anything happens concerning your little
    "No, my friend, you just tell me . . ."
    "Excuse me, I've no time to stay, sir," said Pisarenko,
tearing himself away from Mr. Golyadkin, who had clutched
him by the lapel of his coat.  "I really can't.  If your honour
will stay here we'll let you know."
    "In a minute, my good man, in a minute!  In a minute, my
good fellow!  I tell you what, here's a letter; and I'll reward
you, my good mad."
    "Yes, sir."
    "Try and give it to Mr. Golyadkin my dear fellow."
    "Yes, my man, to Mr. Golyadkin."
    "Very good, sir; as soon as I get off I'll take it, and you
stay here, meanwhile; no one will see you here . . . "
    "No, my good man, don't imagine . . . I'm not standing
here to avoid being seen.  But I'm not going to stay here now,
my friend. . . I'll be close here in the side of the street. 
There's a coffee-house near here; so I'll wait there, and if
anything happens, you let me know about anything, you
    "Very good, sir.  Only let me go; I understand."
    "And I'll reward you," Mr. Golyadkin called after
Pisarenko, when he had at last released him. . . ."
    "The rogue seemed to be getting rather rude,"  our hero
reflected as he stealthily emerged from behind the stove. 
"There's some other dodge here.  That's clear . . .  At first it
was one thing and another . . . he really was in a hurry,
though; perhaps there's a great deal to do in the office.  And
his Excellency had been through the room twice . . . How did
that happen? . . . Ough! never mind!  it may mean nothing,
perhaps; but now we shall see. . . ."
    At this point Mr. Golyadkin was about to open the door,
intending to go out into the street, when suddenly, at that
very instant, his Excellency's carriage was opened from
within and a gentleman jumped out.  This gentleman was no
other than Mr. Golyadkin junior, who had only gone out ten
minutes before.  Mr. Golyadkin senior remembered that the
Director's flat was only a couple of paces away.
    "He has been out on a special commission," our hero
thought to himself.
    Meanwhile, Mr. Golyadkin junior took out of the carriage
a thick green portfolio and other papers.  Finally, giving
some orders to the coachman, he opened the door, almost ran
up against Mr. Golyadkin senior, purposely avoided noticing
him, acting in this way expressly to annoy him, and mounted
the office staircase at a rapid canter.
    "It's a bad look out," thought Mr. Golyadkin.  "This is
what it has come to now!  Oh, good Lord!  look at him."
    For half a minute our hero remained motionless.  At last he
made up his mind.  Without pausing to think, though he was
aware of a violent palpitation of the heart and a tremor in all
his limbs, he ran up the stair after his enemy.
    "Here goes; what does it matter to me?  I have nothing to
do with the case," he thought, taking off his hat, his greatcoat
and his goloshes in the entry.
    When Mr. Golyadkin walked into his office, it was already
getting dusk.  Neither Andrey Filippovitch nor Anton
Antonovitch were in the room.  Both of them were in the
Director's room, handing in reports.  The Director, so it was
rumoured, was in haste to report to a still higher Excellency. 
In consequence of this, and also because twilight was coming
on, and the office hours were almost over, several of the
clerks, especially the younger ones, were, at the moment
when our hero entered, enjoying a period of inactivity;
gathered together in groups, they were talking, arguing, and
laughing, and some of the most youthful - that is, belonging
to the lowest grades in the service, had got up a game of
pitch-farthing in a corner, by a window.  Knowing what was
proper, and feeling at the moment a special need to conciliate
and get on with them, Mr. Golyadkin immediately
approached those with him he used to get on best, in order to
wish them good day, and so on.  But his colleagues answered
his greetings rather strangely.  He was unpleasantly
impressed by a certain coldness, even curtness, one might
almost say severity in their manner.  No one shook hands
with him.  Some simply said, "Good day" and walked away;
others barely nodded; one simply turned away and pretended
not to notice him; at last some of them - and what mortified
Mr. Golyadkin most of all, some of the youngsters of the
lowest grades, mere lads who, as Mr. Golyadkin justly
observed about them, were capable of nothing but hanging
about and playing pitch-farthing at every opportunity - little
by little collected round Mr. Golyadkin, formed a group
round him and almost barred his way.  They all looked at him
with a sort of insulting curiosity.
    It was a bad sign.  Mr. Golyadkin felt this, and very
judiciously decided not to notice it.  Suddenly a quite
unexpected event completely finished him off, as they say,
and utterly crushed him.
    At the moment most trying to Mr. Golyadkin senior,
suddenly, as though by design, there appeared in the group of
fellow clerks surrounding him the figure of Mr. Golyadkin
junior, gay as ever, smiling a little smile as ever, nimble, too,
as ever; in short, mischievous, skipping and tripping,
chuckling and fawning, with sprightly tongue and sprightly
toe, as always, precisely as he had been the day before at a
very unpleasant moment for Mr. Golyadkin senior, for
    Grinning, tripping and turning with a smile that seemed to
say "good evening," to every one, he squeezed his way into
the group of clerks, shaking hands with one, slapping another
on the shoulder, putting his arm round another, explaining to
a fourth how he had come to be employed by his Excellency,
where he had been, what he had done, what he had brought
with him; to the fifth, probably his most intimate friend, he
gave a resounding kiss - in fact, everything happened as it
had in Mr. Golyadkin's dream.  When he had skipped about
to his heart's content, polished them all off in his usual way,
disposed them all in his favour, whether he needed them or
not, when he had lavished his blandishments to the
delectation of all the clerks, Mr. Golyadkin junior suddenly,
and most likely by mistake, for he had not yet had time to
notice his senior, held out his hand to Mr. Golyadkin senior
also.  Probably also by mistake - though he had had time to
observe the dishonourable Mr. Golyadkin junior thoroughly,
our hero at once eagerly seized the hand so unexpectedly
held out to him and pressed it in the warmest and friendliest
way, pressed it with a strange, quite unexpected, inner
feeling, with a tearful emotion.  Whether our hero was misled
by the first movement of his worthless foe, or was taken
unawares, or, without recognizing it, felt at the bottom of his
heart how defenceless he was - it is difficult to say.  The fact
remains that Mr. Golyadkin senior, apparently knowing what
he was doing, of his own free will, before witnesses,
solemnly shook hands with him whom he called his mortal
foe.  But what was the amazement, the stupefaction and fury,
what was the horror and the shame of Mr. Golyadkin senior,
when his enemy and mortal foe, the dishonourable Mr.
Golyadkin junior, noticing the mistake of that persecuted,
innocent, perfidiously deceived man, without a trace of
shame, of feeling, of compassion or of conscience, pulled his
hand away with insufferable rudeness and insolence.  What
was worse, he shook the hand as though it had been polluted
with something horrid; what is more, he spat aside with
disgust, accompanying this with a most insulting gesture;
worse still, he drew out his handkerchief and, in the most
unseemly way, wiped all the fingers that had rested for one
moment in the hand of Mr. Golyadkin senior.  While he did
this Mr. Golyadkin junior looked about him in his
characteristic horrid way, took care that every one should see
what he was doing, glanced into people's eyes and evidently
tried to insinuate to every one everything that was most
unpleasant in regard to Mr. Golyadkin senior.  Mr.
Golyadkin junior's revolting behaviour seemed to arouse
general indignation among the clerks that surrounded them;
even the frivolous youngsters showed their displeasure.  A
murmur of protest rose on all sides.  Mr. Golyadkin could not
but discern the general feeling; but suddenly - an appropriate
witticism that bubbled from the lips of Mr. Golyadkin junior
shattered, annihilated our hero's last hopes, and inclined the
balance again in favour of his deadly and undeserving for.
    "He's our Russian Faublas, gentlemen; allow me to
introduce the youthful Faublas," piped Mr. Golyadkin junior,
with his characteristic insolence, pirouetting and threading
his way among the clerks, and directing their attention to the
petrified though genuine Mr. Golyadkin.  "Let us kiss each
other, darling," he went on with insufferable familiarity,
addressing the man he had so treacherously insulted.  Mr.
Golyadkin junior's unworthy jest seemed to touch a
responsive chord, for it contained an artful allusion to an
incident with which all were apparently familiar.  Our hero
was painfully conscious of the hand of his enemies.  But he
had made up his mind by now.  With glowing eyes, with pale
face, with a fixed smile he tore himself somehow out of the
crowd and with uneven, hurried steps made straight for his
Excellency's private room.  In the room next to the last he
was met by Andrey Filippovitch, who had only just come out
from seeing his Excellency, and although there were present
in this room at the moment a good number of persons of
whom Mr. Golyadkin knew nothing, yet out hero did not care
to take such a fact into consideration.  Boldly, resolutely,
directly, almost wondering at himself and inwardly admiring
his own courage, without loss of time he accosted Andrey
Filippovitch, who was a good deal surprised by the
unexpected attack.
    "Ah! . . . What is it . . . what do you want?" asked the head
of the division, not hearing Mr. Golyadkin's hesitation words.
    "Andrey Filippovitch, may . . . might I, Andrey
Filippovitch, may I have a conversation with his Excellency
at once and in private?"  our hero said resolutely and
distinctly, fixing the most determined glance on Andrey
    "What next! of course not."  Andrey Filippovitch scanned
Mr. Golyadkin from head to foot.
    "I say all this, Andrey Filippovitch, because I am surprised
that no-one here unmasks the imposter and scoundrel."
    "Scoundrel, Andrey Filippovitch!"
    "Of whom are you pleased to speak in those terms?"
    "Of a certain person, Andrey Filippovitch; I'm alluding,
Andrey Filippovitch, to a certain person; I have the right . .
. I imagine, Andrey Filippovitch, that the authorities would
surely encourage such action," added Mr. Golyadkin,
evidently hardly knowing what he was saying.  "Andrey
Filippovitch . . . but no doubt you see yourself, Andrey
Filippovitch, that this honourable action is a mark of my
loyalty in every way - of my looking upon my superior as a
father, Andrey Filippovitch; I as much as to say look upon
my benevolent superior as a father and blindly trust my fate
to him.  It's as much as to say . . . you see . . . "  At this point
Mr. Golyadkin's voice trembled and two tears ran down his
    As Andrey Filippovitch listened to Mr. Golyadkin he was
so astonished that he could not help stepping back a couple
of paces.  Then he looked about him uneasily . . . It is
difficult to say how the matter would have ended.  But
suddenly the door of his Excellency's room was opened, and
he himself came out, accompanied by several officials.  All
the persons in his room followed in a string.  His Excellency
called to Andrey Filippovitch and walked beside him,
beginning to discuss some business details.  When all had set
off and gone out of the room, Mr. Golyadkin woke up. 
Growing calmer, he took refuge under the wing of Anton
Antonovitch, who came last in the procession and who, Mr.
Golyadkin fancied, looked stern and anxious.  "I've been
talking nonsense, I've been making a mess of it again, but
there, never mind," he thought.
    "I hope, at least, that you, Anton Antonovitch will consent
to listen to me and to enter into my position," he said quietly,
in a voice that still trembled a little.  "Rejected by all, I
appeal to you.  I am still at a loss to understand what Andrey
Filippovitch's words mean, Anton Antonovitch.  Explain
them to me if you can . . ."
    "Everything will be explained in due time," Anton
Antonovitch replied sternly and emphatically, and as Mr.
Golyadkin fancied with an air that give him plainly to
understand that Anton Antonovitch did not wish to continue
the conversation.  "You will soon know all about it.  You will
be officially informed about everything today."
    "What do you mean by officially informed, Anton
Antonovitch?  Why officially?" our hero asked timidly.
    "It is not for you and me to discuss what our superiors
decide upon, Yakov Petrovitch."
    "Why our superiors, Anton Antonovitch?" said our hero,
still more intimidate; "why our superiors?  I don't see what
reason there is to trouble our superiors in the matter, Anton
Antonovitch . . . Perhaps you mean to say something about
yesterday's doings, Anton Antonovitch?"
    "Oh no, nothing to do with yesterday; there's something
else amiss with you."
    "What is there amiss, Anton Antonovitch?  I believe,
Anton Antonovitch, that I have done nothing amiss."
    "Why, you were meaning to be sly with some one," Anton
Antonovitch cut in sharply, completely flabbergasting Mr.
    Mr. Golyadkin started, and turned as white as a
    "Of course, Anton Antonovitch," he said, in a voice hardly
audible, "if one listens to the voice of calumny and hears
one's enemies' tales, without heeding what the other side has
to say in its defence, then, of course . . . then, of course,
Anton Antonovitch, one must suffer innocently and for
    "To be sure; but your unseemly conduct, in injuring the
reputation of a virtuous young lady belonging to that
benevolent, highly distinguished and well-known family who
had befriended you . . ."
    "What conduct do you mean, Anton Antonovitch?"
    "What I say.  Do you know anything about your
praiseworthy conduct in regard to that other young lady who,
though poor, is of honourable foreign extraction?"
    "Allow me, Anton Antonovitch . . . if you would kindly
listen to me, Anton Antonovitch . . ."
    "And your treacherous behaviour and slander of another
person, your charging another person with your own sins. 
Ah, what do you call that?"
    "I did not send him away, Anton Antonovitch," said our
hero, with a tremor; "and I've never instructed Petrushka, my
man, to do anything of the sort . . . He has eaten my bread,
Anton Antonovitch, he has taken advantage of my
hospitality," our hero added expressively and with deep
emotion, so much so that his chin twitched a little and tears
were ready to start again.
    "That is only your talk, that he has eaten your bread,"
answered Anton Antonovitch, somewhat offended, and there
was a perfidious note in his voice which sent a pang to Mr.
Golyadkin's heart.
    "Allow me most humbly to ask you again, Anton
Antonovitch, is his Excellency aware of all this business?"
    "Upon my word, you must let me go now, though.  I've not
time for you now. . . . You'll know everything you need to
know today."
    "Allow me, for God's sake, one minute, Anton
    "Tell me afterwards. . ."
    "No, Anton Antonovitch; I . . . you see, Anton
Antonovitch . . . only listen . . . I am not one for freethinking,
Anton Antonovitch; I shun freethinking; I am quite ready for
my part . . . and, indeed, I've given up that idea. . . ."
    "Very good, very good.  I've heard that already."
    "No, you have not heard it, Anton Antonovitch.  It is
something else, Anton Antonovitch: it's a good thing, really,
a good thing and pleasant to hear . . . As I've explained to
you, Anton Antonovitch, I admit that idea, that divine
Providence has created two men exactly alike, and that a
benevolent government, seeing the hand of Providence,
provided a berth for two twins.  That is a good thing, Anton
Antonovitch, and that I am very far from freethinking.  I look
upon my benevolent government as a father; I say 'yes,' by all
means; you are benevolent authorities, and you, of course .
. . A young man must be in the service . . . Stand up for me,
Anton Antonovitch, take my part, Anton Antonovitch . . . I
am all right . . . Anton Antonovitch, for God's sake, one little
word more. . . . Anton Antonovitch. . . ."
    But by now Anton Antonovitch was far away from Mr.
Golyadkin . . . Our hero was so bewildered and overcome by
all that had happened and all that he had heard that he did not
know where he was standing, what he had heard, what he had
done, what was being done to him, and what was going to be
done to him.
    With imploring eyes he sought for Anton Antonovitch in
the crowd of clerks, that he might justify himself further in
his eyes and say something to him extremely high toned and
very agreeable, and creditable to himself. . . . By degrees,
however, a new light began to break upon our hero's
bewildered mind, a new and awful light that revealed at once
a whole perspective of hitherto unknown and utterly
unsuspected circumstances . . . At that moment somebody
gave our bewildered hero a poke in the ribs.  He looked
around.  Pisarenko was standing before him.
    "A letter, your honour."
    "Ah, you've been taken out already, my good man?"
    "No, it was brought at ten o'clock this morning.  Sergey
Mihyeev, the attendant, brought it form Mr. Vahramyev's
    "Very good, very good, and I'll reward you now, my dear
    Saying this, Mr. Golyadkin thrust the letter in his side
pocket of his uniform and buttoned up every button of it;
then he looked round him, and to his surprise, found that he
was by now in the hall of the department in a group of clerks
crowding at the outer door, for office hours were over.  Mr.
Golyadkin had not only failed till that moment to observe
this circumstance, but had no notion how he suddenly came
to be wearing his greatcoat and goloshes and to be holding
his hat in his hand.  All the clerks were motionless, in
reverential expectation.  The fact was that his Excellency was
standing at the bottom of the stairs waiting for his carriage,
which was for some reason late in arriving, and was carrying
on a very interesting conversation with Andrey Filippovitch
and two councillors.  At a little distance from Andrey
Filippovitch stood Anton Antonovitch and several other
clerks, who were all smiles, seeing that his Excellency was
graciously making a joke.  The clerks who were crowded at
the top of the stair were smiling too, in expectation of his
Excellency's laughing again.  The only one who was not
smiling was Fedosyevitch, the corpulent hall-porter, who
stood stiffly at attention, holding the handle of the door,
waiting impatiently for the daily gratification that fell to his
share - that is, the task of flinging one half of the door wide
open with a swing of his arm, and then, with a low bow,
reverentially making way for his Excellency to pass.  But the
one who seemed to be more delighted than any and to feel
the most satisfaction of all was the worthless and
ungentlemanly enemy of Mr. Golyadkin.  At that instant he
positively forgot all the clerks, and even gave up tripping and
pirouetting in his usual odious way; he even forgot to make
up to anybody.  He was all eyes and ears, he even doubled
himself up strangely, no doubt in the strained effort to hear,
and never took his eyes off his Excellency, and only from
time to time his arms, legs and head twitched with faintly
perceptible tremors that betrayed the secret emotions of his
    "Ah, isn't he in a state!" thought our hero; "he looks like a
favourite, the rascal!  I should like to know how it is that he
deceives society of every class.  He has neither brains nor
character, neither education nor feeling; he's a lucky rogue! 
Mercy on us!  How can a man, when you think of it, come
and make friends with every one so quickly!  And he'll get
on, I swear the fellow will get on, the rogue will make his
way - he's a lucky rascal!  I should like to know, too, what he
keeps whispering to every one - what plots he is hatching
with all these people, and what secrets they are talking
about?  Lord, have mercy on us!  If only I could . . . get on
with them a little too . . . say this and that and the other. 
Hadn't I better ask him . . . tell him I won't do it again; say
'I'm in fault, and a young man must serve nowadays, your
Excellency'?  I am not going to protest in any way, either; I
shall bear it all with meekness and patience, so there!  Is that
the way to behave? . . . Though you'll never see through him,
though, the rascal; you can't reach him with anything you
say; you can't hammer reason into his head . . . We'll make an
effort, though.  I may happen to hit on a good moment, so I'll
make an effort. . . ."
    Feeling in his uneasiness, his misery and his bewilderment
that he couldn't leave things like this, that the critical moment
had come, that he must explain himself to some one, our hero
began to move a little towards the place where his worthless
and undeserving enemy stood: but at that very moment his
Excellency's long-expected carriage rolled up into the
entrance, Fedosyevitch flung open the door and, bending
double, let his Excellency pass out.  All the waiting clerks
streamed out towards the door, and for a moment separated
Mr. Golyadkin senior from Mr. Golyadkin junior.
    "You shan't get away!" said our hero, forcing his way
through the crowd while he kept his eyes fixed upon the man
he wanted.  At last the crowd dispersed.  Our hero felt he was
free and flew in pursuit of his enemy.

Chapter XI

Mr. Golyadkin's breath failed him; he flew as though on
wings after his rapidly retreating enemy.  He was conscious
of immense energy.  Yet in spite of this terrible energy he
might confidently have said that at that moment a humble
gnat - had a gnat been able to exist in Petersburg at that time
of the year - could very easily have knocked him down.  He
felt, too, that he was utterly weak again, that he was carried
along by a peculiar outside force, that it was not he himself
who was funning, but, on the contrary, that his legs were
giving way under him, and refused to obey him.  This all
might turn out for the best, however.
    "Whether it is for the best or not for the best," thought Mr.
Golyadkin, almost breathless from running so quickly, "but
that the game is lost there cannot be the slightest doubt now;
that I am utterly done for is certain, definite, signed and
    In spite of all this our hero felt as though he had risen from
the dead, as though he had withstood a battalion, as though
he had won a victory when he succeeded in clutching the
overcoat of his enemy, who had already raised one foot to get
into the cab he had engaged.
    "My dear sir!  My dear sir!" he shouted to the infamous
Mr. Golyadkin junior, holding him by the button.  "My dear
sir, I hope that you . . ."
    "No, please do not hope for anything," Mr. Golyadkin's
heartless enemy answered evasively, standing with one foot
on the step of the cab and vainly waving the other leg in the
air, in his efforts to get in, trying to preserve his equilibrium,
and at the same time trying with all his might to wrench his
coat away from Mr. Golyadkin senior, while the latter held
on to it with all the strength that had been vouchsafed to him
by nature.
    "Yakov Petrovitch, only ten minutes . . ."
    "Excuse me, I've no time . . ."
    "You must admit, Yakov Petrovitch . . . please, Yakov
Petrovitch . . . For God's sake, Yakov Petrovitch . . . let us
have it out - in a straightforward way . . . one little second,
Yakov Petrovitch . . .
    "My dear fellow, I can't stay," answered Mr. Golyadkin's
dishonourable enemy, with uncivil familiarity, disguised as
good-natured heartiness; "another time, believe me, with my
whole soul and all my heart; but now I really can't . . ."
    "Scoundrel!" thought our hero.  "Yakov Petrovitch," he
cried miserably.  "I have never been your enemy.  Spiteful
people have described me unjustly . . . I am ready, on my
side . . . Yakov Petrovitch, shall we go in here together, at
once, Yakov Petrovitch?  And with all my heart, as you have
so justly expressed it just now, and in straightforward,
honourable language, as you have expressed it just now -
here into this coffee-house; there the facts will explain
themselves: they will really, Yakov Petrovitch.  Then
everything will certainly explain itself . . ."
    "Into the coffee-house?  Very good.  I am not against it. 
Let us go into the coffee-house on one condition only, my
dear, on one condition - that these things shall be cleared up. 
We will have it out, darling," said Mr. Golyadkin junior,
getting out of the cab and shamelessly slapping our hero on
the shoulder; "You friend of my heart, for your sake, Yakov
Petrovitch, I am ready to go by the back street (as you were
pleased to observe so aptly on one occasion, Yakov
Petrovitch).  Why, what a rogue he is!  Upon my word, he
does just what he likes with one!"  Mr. Golyadkin's false
friend went on, fawning upon him and cajoling him with a
little smile.  The coffee-house which the two Mr. Golyadkins
entered stood some distance away from the main street and
was at the moment quite empty.  A rather stout German
woman made her appearance behind the counter.  Mr.
Golyadkin and his unworthy enemy went into the second
room, where a puffy-looking boy with a closely shaven head
was busy with a bundle of chips at the stove, trying to revive
the smouldering fire.  At Mr. Golyadkin junior's request
chocolate was served.
    "And a sweet little lady-tart," said Mr. Golyadkin junior,
with a sly wink at Mr. Golyadkin senior.
    Our hero blushed and was silent.
    "Oh, yes, I forgot, I beg your pardon.  I know your taste. 
We are sweet on charming little Germans, sir; you and I are
sweet on charming and agreeable little Germans, aren't we,
you upright soul?  We take their lodgings, we seduce their
morals, they win our hearts with their beersoup and their
milksoup, and we give them notes of different sorts, that's
what we do, you Faublas, you deceiver!"  All this Mr.
Golyadkin junior said, making an unworthy though
villainously artful allusion to a certain personage of the
female sex, while he fawned upon our hero, smiled at him
with an amiable air, with a deceitful show of being delighted
with him and pleased to have met him.  Seeing that Mr.
Golyadkin senior was by no means so stupid and deficient in
breeding and the manners of good society as to believe in
him, the infamous man resolved to change his tactics and to
make a more upon attack upon him.  After uttering his
disgusting speech, the false Mr. Golyadkin ended by slapping
the real and substantial Mr. Golyadkin on the shoulder, with
a revolting effrontery and familiarity.  Not content with that,
he began playing pranks utterly unfit for well-bred society;
he took it into his head to repeat his old, nauseous trick - that
is, regardless of the resistance and faint cries of the indignant
Mr. Golyadkin senior, he pinched the latter on the cheek.  At
the spectacle of such depravity our hero boiled within, but
was silent . . . only for the time, however.
    "That is the talk of my enemies," he answered at last, in a
trembling voice, prudently restraining himself.  At the same
time our hero looked round uneasily towards the door.  The
fact was that Mr. Golyadkin junior seemed in excellent
spirits, and ready for all sorts of little jokes, unseemly in a
public place, and, speaking generally, not permissible by the
laws of good manners, especially in well-bred society.
    "Oh, well, in that case, as you please," Mr. Golyadkin
junior gravely responded to our hero's thought, setting down
upon the table the empty cup which he had gulped down with
unseemly greed.  "Well, there's no need for me to stay long
with you, however. . . . Well, how are you getting on now,
Yakov Petrovitch?"
    "There's only one thing I can tell you, Yakov Petrovitch,"
our hero answered, with sangfroid and dignity; "I've never
been your enemy."
    "H'm . . . Oh, what about Petrushka?  Petrushka is his
name, I fancy?  Yes, it is Petrushka!  Well, how is he?  Well? 
The same as ever?"
    "He's the same as ever, too, Yakov Petrovitch," answered
Mr. Golyadkin senior, somewhat amazed.  "I don't know,
Yakov Petrovitch . . . from my standpoint . . . from a candid,
honourable standpoint, Yakov Petrovitch, you must admit,
Yakov Petrovitch. . . ."
    "Yes, but you know yourself, Yakov Petrovitch," Mr.
Golyadkin junior answered in a soft and expressive voice, so
posing falsely as a sorrowful man overcome with remorse
and deserving compassion.  "You know yourself as we live
in difficult time . . . I appeal to you, Yakov Petrovitch; you
are an intelligent man and your reflections are just," Mr.
Golyadkin junior said in conclusion, flattering Mr. Golyadkin
senior in an abject way.  "Life is not a game, you know
yourself, Yakov Petrovitch," Mr. Golyadkin junior added,
with vast significance, assuming the character of a clever and
learned man, who is capable of passing judgements on lofty
    "For my part, Yakov Petrovitch," our hero answered
warmly, "for my part, scorning to be roundabout and
speaking boldly and openly, using straightforward,
honourable language and putting the whole matter on an
honourable basis, I tell you I can openly and honourably
assert, Yakov Petrovitch, that I am absolutely pure, and that,
you know it yourself, Yakov Petrovitch, the error is mutual
- it may all be the world's judgment, the opinion of the
slavish crowd. . . . I speak openly, Yakov Petrovitch,
everything is possible.  I will say, too, Yakov Petrovitch, if
you judge it in this way, if you look at the matter from a
lofty, noble point of view, then I will boldly say, without
false shame I will say, Yakov Petrovitch, it will positively be
a pleasure to me to discover that I have been in error, it will
positively be a pleasure to me to recognize it.  You know
yourself you are an intelligent man and, what is more, you
are a gentleman.  Without shame, without false shame, I am
ready to recognize it," he wound up with dignity and nobility.
    "It is the decree of destiny, Yakov Petrovitch . . . but let us
drop all this," said Mr. Golyadkin junior.  "Let us rather use
the brief moment of our meeting for a more pleasant and
profitable conversation, as is only suitable between two
colleagues in the service . . . Really, I have not succeeded in
saying two words to you all this time. . . . I am not to blame
for that, Yakov Petrovitch. . . ."
    "Nor I," answered our hero warmly, "nor I, either!  My
heart tells me, Yakov Petrovitch, that I'm not to blame in all
this matter.  Let us blame fate for all this, Yakov Petrovitch,"
added Mr. Golyadkin senior, in a quick, conciliatory tone of
voice.  His voice began little by little to soften and to quaver.
    "Well!  How are you in health?" said the sinner in a sweet
    "I have a little cough," answered our hero, even more
    "Take care of yourself.  There is so much illness going
about, you may easily get quinsy; for my part I confess I've
begun to wrap myself up in flannel."
    "One may, indeed, Yakov Petrovitch, very easily get
quinsy," our hero pronounced after a brief silence; "Yakov
Petrovitch, I see that I have made a mistake, I remember with
softened feelings those happy moments which we were so
fortunate as to spend together, under my poor, though I
venture to say, hospitable roof . . ."
    "In your letter, however, you wrote something very
different," said Mr. Golyadkin junior reproachfully, speaking
on this occasion - though only on this occasion - quite justly.
    "Yakov Petrovitch, I was in error. . . . I see clearly now
that I was in error in my unhappy letter too.  Yakov
Petrovitch, I am ashamed to look at you, Yakov Petrovitch,
you wouldn't believe . . . Give me that letter that I may tear
it to pieces before your eyes, Yakov Petrovitch, and if that is
utterly impossible I entreat you to read it the other way
before - precisely the other way before - that is, expressly
with a friendly intention, giving the opposite sense to the
whole letter.  I was in error.  Forgive me, Yakov Petrovitch,
I was quite . . . I was grievously in error, Yakov Petrovitch."
    "You say so?" Mr. Golyadkin's perfidious friend inquired,
rather casually and indifferently.
    "I say that I was quite in error, Yakov Petrovitch, and that
for my part, quite without false shame, I am . . ."
    "Ah, well, that's all right!  That's a nice thing your being
in error," answered Mr. Golyadkin junior.
    "I even had an idea, Yakov Petrovitch," our candid hero
answered in a gentlemanly way, completely failing to
observe the horrible perfidy of his deceitful enemy; "I even
had an idea that here were two people created exactly alike.
. . ."
    "Ah, is that your idea?"
    At this point the notoriously worthless Mr. Golyadkin took
up his hat.  Still failing to observe his treachery, Mr.
Golyadkin senior, too, got up and with a noble,
simple-hearted smile to his false friend, tried in his innocence
to be friendly to him , to encourage him, and in that way to
form a new friendship with him.
    "Good-bye, your Excellency," Mr. Golyadkin junior called
out suddenly.  Our hero started, noticing in his enemy's face
something positively Bacchanalian, and, solely to get rid of
him, put two fingers into the unprincipled man's outstretched
hand; but then . . . then his enemy's shameless ness passed all
bounds.  Seizing the two fingers of Mr. Golyadkin's hand and
at first pressing them, the worthless fellow on the spot,
before Mr. Golyadkin's eyes, had the effrontery to repeat the
shameful joke of the morning.  The limit of human patience
was exhausted.
    He had just hidden in his pocket the handkerchief with
which he had wiped his fingers when Mr. Golyadkin senior
recovered from the shock and dashed after him into the next
room, into which his irreconcilable foe had in his usual hasty
way hastened to decamp.  As though perfectly innocent, he
was standing at the counter eating pies, and with perfect
composure, like a virtuous man, was making polite remarks
to the German woman behind the counter.
    "I can't go into it before ladies," thought our hero, and he,
too, went up to the counter, so agitated that he hardly knew
what he was doing.
    "The tart is certainly not bad!  What do you think?"  Mr.
Golyadkin junior began upon his unseemly sallies again,
reckoning, no doubt, upon Mr. Golyadkin's infinite patience. 
The stout German, for her part, looked at both her visitors
with pewtery, vacant-looking eyes, smiling affably and
evidently not understanding Russian.  Our hero flushed red
as fire at the words of the unabashed Mr. Golyadkin junior,
and, unable to control himself, rushed at him with the evident
intention of tearing him to pieces and finishing him off
completely, but Mr. Golyadkin junior, in his usual mean way,
was already far off; he took flight, he was already on the
steps.  It need hardly be said that, after the first moment of
stupefaction with which Mr. Golyadkin senior was naturally
overcome, he recovered himself and went at full speed after
his insulting enemy, who had already got into a cab, whose
driver was obviously in collusion with him.  But at that very
instant the stout German, seeing both her customers make
off, shrieked and rang her bell with all her might.  Our hero
was on the point of flight, but he turned back, and, without
asking for change, flung her money for himself and for the
shameless man who had left without paying, and although
thus delayed he succeeded in catching up his enemy. 
Hanging on to the side of the cab with all the force bestowed
on him by nature, our hero was carried for some time along
the street, clambering upon the vehicle, while Mr. Golyadkin
junior did his utmost to dislodge him.  Meanwhile the
cabman, with whip, with reins, with kicks and with shouts
urged on his exhausted nag, who quite unexpectedly dropped
into a gallop, biting at the bit, and kicking with his hind legs
in a horrid way.  At last our enemy and with his back to the
driver, his knees touching the knees and his right hand
clutching the very shabby fur collar of his depraved and
exasperated foe.
    The enemies were borne along for some time in silence. 
Our hero could scarcely breathe.  It was a bad road and he
was jolted at every step and in peril of breaking his neck. 
Moreover, his exasperated foe still refused to acknowledge
himself vanquished and was trying to shove him off into the
mud.  To complete the unpleasantness of his position the
weather was detestable.  The snow was falling in heavy
flakes and doing its utmost to creep under the unfastened
overcoat of the genuine Mr. Golyadkin.  It was foggy and
nothing could be seen.  It was difficult to tell through what
street and in what direction they were being taken . . . It
seemed to Mr. Golyadkin that what was happening to him
was somehow familiar.  One instant he tried to remember
whether he had had a presentiment of it the day before, in a
dream, for instance. . . .
    At last his wretchedness reached the utmost pitch of
agony.  Leaning upon his merciless opponent, he was
beginning to cry out.  But his cries died away upon his lips.
. . . There was a moment when Mr. Golyadkin forgot
everything, and made up his mind that all this was of no
consequence and that it was all nothing, that it was
happening in some inexplicable manner, and that, therefore,
to protest was effort thrown away. . . . But suddenly and
almost at the same instant that our hero was drawing this
conclusion, an unexpected jolt have quite a new turn to the
affair.  Mr. Golyadkin fell off the cab like a sack of flour and
rolled on the ground, quite correctly recognizing, at the
moment of his fall, that his excitement had been very
inappropriate.  Jumping up at last, he saw that they had
arrived somewhere; the cab was standing in the middle of
some courtyard, and from the first glance our hero noticed
that it was the courtyard of the house in which was Olsufy
Ivanovitch's flat.  At the same instant he noticed that his
enemy was mounting the steps, probably on his way to
Olsufy Ivanovitch's.  In indescribable misery he was about to
pursue his enemy, but, fortunately for himself, prudently
thought better of it.  Not forgetting to pay the cabman, Mr.
Golyadkin ran with all his might along the street, regardless
of where he was going.  The snow was falling heavily as
before; as before it was muggy, wet, and dark.  Out hero did
not walk, but flew, coming into collision with every one on
the way - men, women and children.  About him and after
him he heard frightened voices, squeals, screams . . . But Mr.
Golyadkin seemed unconscious and would pay no heed to
anything. . . . He came to himself, however, on Semyonovsky
Bridge, and then only through succeeding in tripping against
and upsetting two peasant women and the wares they were
selling, and tumbling over them.
    "That's no matter," thought Mr. Golyadkin, "that can easily
be set right," and felt in his pocket at once, intending to make
up for the cakes, apples, nuts and various trifles he had
scattered with a rouble.  Suddenly a new light dawned upon
Mr. Golyadkin; in his pocket he felt the letter given him in
the morning by the clerk.  Remembering that there was a
tavern he knew close by, he ran to it without a moment's
delay, settled himself at a little table lighted up by a tallow
candle, and, taking no notice of anything, regardless of the
waiter who came to ask for his orders, broke the seal and
began reading the following letter, which completely
astounded him -

        "You noble man, who are suffering for my sake, and
will be dear to my heart for ever!
    "I am suffering, I am perishing - save me!  The slanderer,
the intriguer, notorious for the immorality of his tendencies,
has entangled me in his snares and I am undone!  I am lost! 
But he is abhorrent to me, while you! . . . They have
separated us, they have intercepted my letters to you - and all
this has been the vicious man who has taken advantage of his
one good quality - his likeness to you.  A man can always be
plain in appearance, yet fascinate by his intelligence, his
strong feelings and his agreeable manners . . . I am ruined! 
I am being married against my will, and the chief part in this
intrigue is taken by my parent, benefactor and civil
councillor, Olsufy Ivanovitch, no doubt desirous of securing
me a place and relations in well-bred society. . . . But I have
made up my mind and I protest by all the powers bestowed
on me by nature.  Be waiting for me with a carriage at nine
o'clock this evening at the window of Olsufy Ivanovitch's
flat.  We are having another ball and a handsome lieutenant
is coming.  I will come out and we will fly.  Moreover, there
are other government offices in which one can be of service
to one's country.  In any case, remember, my friend, that
innocence is strong in its very innocence.  Farewell.  Wait
with the carriage at the entrance.  I shall throw myself into
the protection of your arms at two o'clock in the night.
                    "Yours till death,
                                "Klara Olsufyevna."

    After reading the letter our hero remained for some
minutes as though petrified.  In terrible anxiety, in terrible
agitation, white as a sheet, with the letter in his hand, he
walked several times up and down the room; to complete the
unpleasantness of his position, though our hero failed to
observe it, he was at that moment the object of the exclusive
attention of every one in the room, his gesticulating with both
hands, perhaps some enigmatic words unconsciously
addressed to the air, probably all this prejudiced Mr.
Golyadkin in the opinion of the customers, and even the
waiter began to look at him suspiciously.  Coming to himself,
Mr. Golyadkin noticed that he was standing in the middle of
the room and was in an almost unseemly, discourteous
manner staring at an old man of very respectable appearance
who, having dined and said grace before the ikon, had sat
down again and fixed his eyes upon Mr. Golyadkin.  Our
hero looked vaguely about him and noticed that every one,
actually every one, was looking at him with a hostile and
suspicious air.  All at once a retired military man in a red
collar asked loudly for the Police News.  Mr. Golyadkin
started and turned crimson: he happened to look down and
saw that he was in such disorderly attire as he would not
have worn even at home, much less in a public place.  His
boots, his trousers and the whole of his left side were covered
with mud; the trouser-strap was torn off his right foot, and
his coat was even torn in many places.  In extreme misery
our hero went up to the table at which he had read the letter,
ad saw that the attendant was coming up to him with a
strange and impudently peremptory expression of face. 
utterly disconcerted and crestfallen, our hero began to look
about the table at which he was now standing.  On the table
stood a dirt plate, left there from somebody's dinner, a soled
table-napkin and a knife, fork and spoon that had just been
used.  "Who has been having dinner?" thought our hero. 
"Can it have been I?  Anything is possible! I must have had
dinner without noticing it; what am I to do?"
    Raising his eyes, Mr. Golyadkin again saw beside him the
waiter who was about to address him.
    "How much is my bill, my lad?" our hero inquired, in a
trembling voice.
    A loud laugh sounded round Mr. Golyadkin, the waiter
himself grinned.  Mr. Golyadkin realized that he had
blundered again, and had done something dreadfully stupid. 
He was overcome by confusion, and to avoid standing there
with nothing to do he put his hand in his pocket to get out his
handkerchief; but to the indescribable amazement of himself
and all surrounding him, he pulled out instead of his
handkerchief the bottle of medicine which Krestyan
Ivanovitch had prescribed for him four days earlier.  "Get the
medicine at the same chemist's," floated through Mr.
Golyadkin's brain. . . .
    Suddenly he started and almost cried out in horror.  A new
light dawned. . . . The dark reddish and repulsive liquid had
a sinister gleam to Mr. Golyadkin's eyes. . . . The bottle
dropped from his hands and was instantly smashed.  Our hero
cried out and stepped back a pace to avoid the spilled
medicine . . . he was trembling in every limb, and drops of
sweat came out on to his brow and temples.  "So my life is in
danger!"  Meantime there was a stir, a commotion in the
room; every one surrounded Mr. Golyadkin, every one talked
to Mr. Golyadkin, some even caught hold of Mr. Golyadkin. 
But our hero was dumb and motionless, seeing nothing,
hearing nothing, feeling nothing. . . . At last, as though
tearing himself from the place, he rushed out of the tavern,
pushing away all and each who tried to detain him; almost
unconscious, he got into the first cab that passed him and
drove to his flat.
    In the entry of his flat he met Mihyeev, an attendant from
the office, with an official envelope in his hand.
    "I know, my good man, I know all about it," our exhausted
hero answered, in a weak, miserable voice; "it's official . . ."
    The envelope did, in fact, contain instructions to Mr.
Golyadkin, signed by Andrey Filippovitch, to give up the
business in his hands to Ivan Semyonovitch.  Taking the
envelope and giving ten kopecks to the man, Mr. Golyadkin
went into his flat and saw that Petrushka was collecting all
his odds and ends, all his things into a heap, evidently
intending to abandon Mr. Golyadkin and move to the flat of
Karolina Ivanovna, who had enticed him to take the place of

Chapter XII

Petrushka came in swaggering, with a strangely casual
manner and an air of vulgar triumph on his face.  It was
evident that he had some idea in his head, that he felt
thoroughly within his rights, and he looked like an
unconcerned spectator - that is, as though he were anybody's
servant rather than Mr. Golyadkin's.
    "I say, you know, my good lad," our hero began
breathlessly, "what time is it?"
    Without speaking, Petrushka went behind his partition,
then returned, and in a rather independent tone announced
that it was nearly half-past seven.
    "Well, that's all right, my lad, that's all right.  Come, you
see, my boy . . . allow me to tell you, my good lad, that
everything, I fancy, is at an end between us."
    Petrushka said nothing.
    "Well, now as everything is over between us, tell me
openly, as a friend, where you have been."
    "Where I've been?  To see good people, sir."
    "I know, my good lad, I know.  I have always been
satisfied with you, and I give you a character . . . Well, what
are you doing with them now?"
    "Why, sir!  You know yourself.  We all know a decent
man won't teach you any harm."
    "I know, my dear fellow, I know.  Nowadays good people
are rare, my lad; prize them, my friend.  Well, how are they?"
    "To be sure, they . . . Only I can't serve you any longer,
sir; as your honour must know."
    "I know, my dear fellow, I know your zeal and devotion;
I have seen it all, my lad, I've noticed it.  I respect you, my
friend.  I respect a good and honest man, even though he's a
    "Why, yes, to be sure!  The like's of us, of course, as you
know yourself, are as good as anybody.  That's so.  We all
know, sir, that there's no getting on without a good man."
    "Very well, very well, my boy, I feel it. . . . Come, here's
your money and here's your character.  Now we'll kiss and
say good-bye, brother. . . . Come, now, my lad, I'll ask one
service of you, one last service," said Mr. Golyadkin, in a
solemn voice.  "You see, my dear boy, all sorts of things
happen.  Sorrow is concealed in gilded palaces, and there's
no escaping it.  You know, my boy, I've always been kind to
you, my boy.
    Petrushka remained mute.
    "I believe I've always been kind to you, my dear fellow .
. . Come, how much linen have we now, my dear boy?"
    "Well, it's all there.  Linen shirts six, three pairs of socks;
four shirtfronts; flannel vests; of underlinen two sets.  You
know all that yourself.  I've got nothing of yours, sir. . . . I
look after my master's belongings, sir.  I am like that, sir . .
. we all know . . . and I've . . . never been guilty of anything
of the sort, sir, you know yourself, sir . . ."
    "I trust you, my lad, I trust you.  I didn't mean that, my
friend, I didn't mean that, you know, my lad; I tell you what
. . . "
    "To be sure, sir, we know that already.  Why, when I used
to be in the service at general Stolnyakov's . . . I lost the lace
through the family's going away to Saratov . . . they've an
estate there . . ."
    "No; I didn't mean that, my lad, I didn't mean that; don't
think anything of the sort, my dear fellow . . ."
    "To be sure.  It's easy, as you know yourself, sir, to take
away the character of folks like us.  And I've always given
satisfaction - ministers, generals, senators, counts - I've
served them all.  I've been at Prince Svintchatkin's, at
Colonel Pereborkin's, at General Nedobarov's - they've gone
away too, they've gone to their property.  As we all know . .
    "Yes, my lad, very good, my lad, very good.  And now I'm
going away, my friend . . . A different path lies before each
man, no one can tell what road he may have to take.  Come,
my lad, put out my clothes now, lay out my uniform too . . .
and my other trousers, my sheets, quilts and pillows . . ."
    "Am I to pack them all in the bag?"
    "Yes, my lad, yes; the bag, please.  Who knows what may
happen to us.  Come, my dear boy, you can go and find a
carriage . . ."
    "A carriage?. . . "
    "Yes, my lad, a carriage; a roomy one, and take it by the
hour.  And don't imagine anything . . ."
    "Are you planning to go far away, sir?"
    "I don't know my lad, I don't know that either.  I think you
had better pack my feather bed too.  What do you think, my
lad?  I am relying on you, my dear fellow . . ."
    "Is your honour setting off at once?"
    "Yes, my friend, yes!  Circumstances have turned out so
. . . so it is, my dear fellow, so it is . . ."
    "To be sure, sir; when we were in the regiment the same
thing happened to the lieutenant; they eloped from a country
gentleman's . . ."
    "Eloped? . . . How!  My dear fellow!"
    "Yes, sir, eloped, and they were married in another house. 
Everything was got ready beforehand.  There was a hue and
cry after them; the late prince took their part, and so it was all
settled . . ."
    "They were married, but . . . how is it, my dear fellow . .
. How did you come to know, my boy?"
    "Why, to be sure!  The earth is full of rumours, sir.  We
know, sir, we've all . . . to be sure, there's no one without sin. 
Only I'll tell you now, sir, let me speak plainly and vulgarly,
sir; since it has come to this, I must tell you, sir; you have an
enemy - you've a rival, sir, a powerful rival, so there . . ."
    "I know, my dear fellow, I know; you know yourself, my
dear fellow. . . . So, you see, I'm relying upon you.  What are
we to do now, my friend!  How do you advise me?"
    "Well, sir, if you are in that way now, if you've come, so
to say, to such a pass, sir, you'll have to make some
purchases, sir - say some sheets, pillows, another feather bed,
a double one, a good quilt - here at the neighbours downstairs
- she's a shopkeeper, sir - she has a good fox-fur cloak, so
you might look at it and buy it, you might have a look at it at
once.  You'll need it now, sir; it's a good cloak, sir,
satin-lined with fox . . ."
    "Very good, my lad, very good, I agree; I rely upon you,
I rely upon you entirely; a cloak by all means, if necessary .
. . Only make haste, make haste!  For God's sake make haste! 
I'll buy the cloak - only please make haste!  It will soon be
eight o'clock.  Make haste for God's sake, my dear lad! 
Hurry up, my lad . . ."
    Petrushka ran up to gather together a bundle of linen,
pillows, quilt, sheets, and all sorts of odds and ends, tied
them up and rushed headlong out of the room.  Meanwhile,
Mr. Golyadkin seized the letter once more, but he could not
read it.  Clutching his devoted head, he leaned against the
wall in a state of stupefaction.  He could not think of
anything, he could do nothing either, and could not even tell
what was happening to him.  At last, seeing that time was
passing and neither Petrushka nor the fur cloak had made
their appearance, Mr. Golyadkin made up his mind to go
himself.  Opening the door into the entry, he heard below
noise, talk, disputing and scuffling . . . Several of the women
of the neighbouring flats were shouting, talking and
protesting about something - Mr. Golyadkin knew what. 
Petrushka's voice was heard: then there was a sound of
    "My goodness!  They'll bring all the world in here,"
moaned Mr. Golyadkin, wringing his hands in despair and
rushing back into his room.  Running back into his room, he
fell almost senseless on the sofa with his face in the pillow. 
After lying a minute in this way, he jumped up and, without
waiting for Petrushka, he put on his goloshes, his hat and his
greatcoat, snatched up his papers and ran headlong
    "Nothing is wanted, nothing, my dear fellow!  I will
manage myself - everything myself.  I don't need you for the
time, and meantime, things may take a better turn, perhaps,"
Mr. Golyadkin muttered to Petrushka, meeting him on the
stair; then he ran out into the yard, away from the house. 
There was a faintness at his heart, he had not yet made up his
mind what was his position, what he was to do, how he was
to act in the present critical position.
    "Yes, how am I to act?  Lord, have mercy on me!  And
that all this should happen!" he cried out at last in despair,
tottering along the street at random; "that all this must needs
happen!  Why, but for this, but for just this, everything would
have been put right; at one stroke, at one skilful, vigorous,
firm stroke it would have been set right.  I would have my
finger cut off to have set right!  And I know, indeed, how it
would have been settled.  This is how it would have been
managed: I'd have gone on the spot . . . said how it was . . .
'with your permission, sir, I'm neither here nor there in it . .
. things aren't done like that,' I would say, 'my dear sir, things
aren't done like that, there's no accepting an imposter in our
office; an imposter . . . my dear sir, is a man . . . who is
worthless and of no service to his country.  Do you
understand that?  Do you understand that, my dear sir,' I
should say!  That's how it would be . . . But no . . . after all,
things are not like that . . . not a bit like that . . . I am talking
nonsense, like a fool!  A suicidal fool!  It's not like that at all,
you suicidal fool . . . This is how things are done, though,
you profligate man! . . . Well, what am I to do with myself
now?  Well, what am I going to do with myself now.  What
am I fit for now?  Come, what are you fit for now, for
instance, you, Golyadkin, you, you worthless fellow!  Well,
what now?  I must get a carriage; 'hire a carriage and bring it
here,' says she, 'we shall get our feet wet without a carriage,'
says she . . . And who could ever have thought it!  Fie, fie,
my young lady!  Fie, fie, a young lady of virtuous behaviour! 
Well, well, the girl we all thought so much of!  You've
distinguished yourself, madam, there's no doubt of that! 
you've distinguished yourself! . . . And it all comes from
immoral education.  And now that I've looked into it and
seen through it all I see that it is due to nothing else but
immorality.  Instead of looking after her as a child . . . and
the rod at times . . . they stuff her with sweets and dainties,
and the old man is always doting over her: saying 'my dear,
my love, my beauty,' saying, 'we'll marry you to a count!' . .
. And now she has come forward herself and shown her
cards, as though to say that's her little game!  Instead of
keeping her at home as a child, they sent her to a boarding
school, to a French madame, and emigre, a Madame Falbalas
or something, and she learned all sorts of things at that
Madame Falbalas', and this is how it always turns out. 
'Come,' says she, 'and be happy!  Be in a carriage,' she says,
'at such a time, under the windows, and sing a sentimental
serenade in the Spanish style; I await you and I know you
love me, and we will fly together and live in a hut.'  But the
fact is it's impossible; since it has come to that, madam, it's
impossible, it is against the law to abduct an innocent,
respectable girl from her parents' roof without their sanction! 
And, if you come to that, why, what for and what need is
there to do it?  Come, she should marry a suitable person, the
man marked out by destiny, and that would be the end of it. 
But I'm in the government service, I might lose my berth
through it: I might be arrested for it, madam!  I tell you that! 
If you did not know it.  It's that German woman's doing. 
She's a the bottom of it all, the witch; she cooked the whole
kettle of fish.  For they've slandered a man, for they've
invented a bit of womanish gossip about him, a regular
performance by the advice of Andrey Filippovitch, that's
what it came from.  Otherwise how could Petrushka be
mixed up in it?  What has he to do with it?  What need for
the rogue to be in it?  No, I cannot, madam, I cannot
possibly, not on any account . . . No, madam, this time you
must really excuse me.  It's all your doing, madam, it's not all
the German's doing, it's not the witch's doing at all, but
simply yours.  For the witch is a good woman, for the witch
is not to blame in any way; it's your fault, madam; it's you
who are to blame, let me tell you!  I shall not be charged with
a crime through you, madam. . . . A man might be ruined . .
. a man might lose sight of himself, and not be able to
restrain himself - a wedding, indeed!   And how is it all going
to end?  And how will it all be arranged?  I would give a
great deal to know all that! . . ."
    So our hero reflected in his despair.  Coming to himself
suddenly, he observed that he was standing somewhere in
Liteyny Street.  The weather was awful: it was a thaw; snow
and rain were falling - just as at that memorable time when
at the dread hour of midnight all Mr. Golyadkin's troubles
had begun.  "This is a nice night for a journey!" thought Mr.
Golyadkin, looking at the weather; "it's death all round. . . .
Good Lord!  Where am I to find a carriage, for instance?  I
believe there's something black there at the corner.  We'll see,
we'll investigate . . . Lord, have mercy on us!" our hero went
on, bending his weak and tottering steps in the direction in
which he saw something that looked like a cab.
    "No, I know what I'll do; I'll go straight and fall on my
knees, if I can, and humbly beg, saying 'I put my fate in your
hands, in the hands of my superiors'; saying, 'Your
Excellency, be a protector and a benefactor'; and then I'll say
this and that, and explain how it is and that it is an unlawful
act; 'Do not destroy me, I look upon you as my father, do not
abandon me . . . save my dignity, my honour, my name, my
reputation . . . and save me from a miscreant, a vicious man.
. . . He's another person, your Excellency, and I'm another
person too; he's apart and I am myself by myself too; I am
really myself by myself, your Excellency; really myself by
myself,' that's what I shall say.  'I cannot be like him. 
Change him, dismiss him, give orders for him to be changed
and a godless, licentious impersonation to be suppressed . .
. that it may not be an example to others, your Excellency. 
I look upon you as a father'; those in authority over us, our
benefactors and protectors, are bound, of course, to
encourage such impulses. . . . There's something chivalrous
about it: I shall say, 'I look upon you, my benefactor and
superior, as a father, and trust my fate to you, and I will not
say anything against it; I put myself in your hands, and retire
from the affair myself' . . . that's what I would say."
    "Well, my man, are you a cabman?"
    "Yes . . ."
    "I want a cab for the evening . . ."
    "And does your honour want to go far?"
    "For the evening, for the evening; wherever I have to go,
my man, wherever I have to go."
    "Does your honour want to drive out of town?"
    "Yes, my friend, out of town, perhaps.  I don't quite know
myself yet, I can't tell you for certain, my man.  Maybe you
see it will all be settled for the best.  We all know, my friend
. . ."
    "Yes, sir, of course we all know.  Please God it may."
    "Yes, my friend, yes; thank you, my dear fellow; come,
what's your fare, my good man? . . ."
    "Do you want to set off at once?"
    "Yes, at once, that is, no, you must wait at a certain place.
. . . A little while, not long, you'll have to wait. . . ."
    "Well, if you hire me for the whole time, I couldn't ask
less than six roubles for weather like this . . ."
    "Oh, very well, my friend; and I thank you, my dear
fellow.  So, come, you can take me now, my good man."
    "Get in; allow me, I'll put it straight a bit - now will your
honour get in.  Where shall I drive?"
    "To the Ismailovsky Bridge, my friend."
    The driver plumped down on the box, with difficulty
roused his pair of lean nags from the trough of hay, and was
setting off for Ismailovsky Bridge.  But suddenly Mr.
Golyadkin pulled the cord, stopped the cab, and besought
him in an imploring voice not to drive to Ismailovsky Bridge,
but to turn back to another street.  The driver turned into
another street, and then minutes later Mr. Golyadkin's newly
hired equipage was standing before the house in which his
Excellency had a flat.  Mr. Golyadkin got out of the carriage,
begged the driver to be sure to wait and with a sinking heart
ran upstairs to the third storey and pulled the bell; the door
was opened and our hero found himself in the entry of his
Excellency's flat.
    "Is his Excellency graciously pleased to be at home?" said
Mr. Golyadkin, addressing the man who opened the door.
    "What do you want?" asked the servant, scrutinizing Mr.
Golyadkin from head to foot.
    "I, my friend . . . I am Golyadkin, the titular councillor,
Golyadkin . . . To say . . . something or other . . . to explain
. . ."
    "You must wait; you cannot . . ."
    "My friend, I cannot wait; my business is important, it's
business that admits of no delay . . ."
    "But from whom have you come?  Have you brought
papers?. . . "
    "No, my friend, I am on my own account.  Announce me,
my friend, say something or other, explain.  I'll reward you,
my good man . . ."
    "I cannot.  His Excellency is not at home, he has visitors. 
Come at ten o'clock in the morning . . ."
    "Take in my name, my good man, I can't wait - it is
impossible. . . . You'll have to answer for it, my good man."
    "Why, go and announce him!  What's the matter with you;
want to save your shoe leather?" said another lackey who
was lolling on the bench and had not uttered a word till then.
    "Shoe leather!  I was told not to show any one up, you
know; their time is the morning."
    "Announce him, have you lost your tongue?"
    "I'll announce him all right - I've not lost my tongue.  It's
not my orders; I've told you, it's not my orders.  Walk
    Mr. Golyadkin went into the outermost room; there was a
clock on the table.  He glanced at it: it was half-past eight. 
His heart ached within him.  Already he wanted to turn back,
but at that very moment the footman standing at the door of
the next room had already boomed out Mr. Golyadkin's
    "Oh, what lungs," thought our hero in indescribable
misery.  "Why, you ought to have said: 'he has come most
humbly and meekly to make an explanation . . . something .
. . be graciously pleased to see him' . . . Now the whole
business is ruined; all my hopes are scattered to the winds. 
But . . . however . . . never mind . . ."
    There was no time to think, moreover.  The lackey,
returning, said, "Please walk in," and led Mr. Golyadkin into
the study.
    When our hero went in, he felt as though he were blinded,
for he could see nothing at all . . . But three or four figures
seemed flitting before his eyes: "Oh, yes, they are the
visitors," flashed through Mr. Golyadkin's mind.  At last our
hero could distinguish clearly the star on the black coat of his
Excellency, then by degrees advanced to seeing the black
coat and at last gained the power of complete vision. . . .
    "What is it?" said a familiar voice above Mr. Golyadkin.
    "The titular councillor, Golyadkin, your Excellency."
    "I have come to make an explanation . . ."
    "How? . . . What?"
    "Why, yes.  This is how it is.  I've come for an
explanation, your Excellency . . ."
    "But you . . . but who are you? . . ."
    "M-m-m-mist-er Golyadkin, your Excellency, a titular
    "Well, what is it you want?"
    "Why, this is how it is, I look upon you as a father; I retire
. . . defend me from my enemy! . . ."
    "What's this? . . ."
    "We all know . . ."
    "What do we all know?"
    Mr. Golyadkin was silent: his chin began twitching a little.
    "I thought it was chivalrous, your Excellency . . . 'There's
something chivalrous in it,' I said, 'and I look upon my
superior as a father' . . . this is what I thought; 'protect me, I
tear . . . earfully . . . b . . . eg and that such imp . . . impulses
ought . . . to . . . be encouraged . . ."
    His excellency turned away, our hero for some minutes
could distinguish nothing.  There was a weight on his chest. 
His breathing was laboured; he did not know where he was
standing . . . He felt ashamed and sad.  God knows what
followed. . . Recovering himself, our hero noticed that his
Excellency was talking with his guests, and seemed to be
briskly and emphatically discussing something with them. 
One of the visitors Mr. Golyadkin recognized at once.  This
was Andrey Filippovitch; he knew no one else; yet there was
another person that seemed familiar - a tall, thick-set figure,
middle-aged, possessed of very thick eyebrows and whiskers
and a significant sharp expression.  On his chest was an order
and in his mouth a cigar.  This gentleman was smoking and
nodding significantly without taking the cigar out of his
mouth, glancing from time to time at Mr. Golyadkin.  Mr.
Golyadkin felt awkward; he turned away his eyes and
immediately saw another very strange visitor.  Through a
door which our hero had taken for a looking-glass, just as he
had done once before - he made his appearance - we know
who: a very intimate friend and acquaintance of Mr.
Golyadkin's.  Mr. Golyadkin junior had actually been till
then in a little room close by, hurriedly writing something;
now, apparently, he was needed - and he came in with papers
under his arm, went up to his Excellency, and while waiting
for exclusive attention to be paid him succeeded very adroitly
in putting his spoke into the talk and consultation, taking his
place a little behind Andrey Filippovitch's back and partly
screening him from the gentleman smoking the cigar. 
Apparently Mr. Golyadkin junior took an intense interest in
the conversation, to which he was listening now in a
gentlemanly way, nodding his head, fidgeting with his feet,
smiling, continually looking at his Excellency - as it were
beseeching him with his eyes to let him put his word in.
    "The scoundrel," thought Mr. Golyadkin, and involuntarily
he took a step forward.  At this moment his Excellency
turned round and came rather hesitatingly towards Mr.
    "Well, that's all right, that's all right; well, run along, now. 
I'll look into your case, and give orders for you to be taken .
. ."
    At this point his Excellency glanced at the gentleman with
the thick whiskers.  The latter nodded in assent.
    Mr. Golyadkin felt and distinctly understood that they
were taking him for something different and not looking at
him in the proper light at all.
    "In one way or another I must explain myself," he thought;
"I must say, 'This is how it is, your Excellency.'"
    At this point in his perplexity he dropped his eyes to the
floor and to his great astonishment he saw a good-sized patch
of something white on his Excellency's boots.
    "Can there be a hole in them?"  thought Mr. Golyadkin. 
Mr. Golyadkin was, however, soon convinced that his
Excellency's boots were not split, but were only shining
brilliantly - a phenomenon fully explained by the fact that
they were patent leather and highly polished.
    "It is what they call blick," thought our hero; "the term is
used particularly in artists studios; in other places such a
reflected light is called a rib of light."
    At this point Mr. Golyadkin raised his eyes and saw that
the time had come to speak, for things might easily end badly
. . .
    Our hero took a step forward.
    "I say this is how it is, your Excellency," he said, "and
there's no accepting imposters nowadays."
    His Excellency made no answer, but rang the bell
violently.  Our hero took another step forward.
    "He is a vile, vicious man, your Excellency," said our
hero, beside himself and faint with terror, though he still
pointed boldly and resolutely at his unworthy twin, who was
fidgeting about near his Excellency.  "I say this is how it is,
and I am alluding to a well-known person."
    There was a general sensation at Mr. Golyadkin's words. 
Andrey Filippovitch and the gentleman with the cigar nodded
their heads; his Excellency impatiently tugged at the bell to
summon the servants.  At this point Mr. Golyadkin junior
came forward in his turn.
    "Your Excellency," he said, "I humbly beg permission to
speak."  There was something very resolute in Mr. Golyadkin
junior's voice; everything showed that he felt himself
completely in the right.
    "Allow me to ask you," he began again, anticipating his
Excellency's reply in his eagerness, and this time addressing
Mr. Golyadkin; "allow me to ask you, in whose presence you
are making this explanation?  Before whom are you standing,
in whose room are you? . . ."
    Mr. Golyadkin junior was in a state of extraordinary
excitement, flushed and glowing with wrath and indignation;
there were positively tears in his eyes.
    A lackey, appearing in the doorway, roared at the top of
his voice the name of some new arrivals, the Bassavryukovs.
    "A good aristocratic name, hailing from Little Russia,"
thought Mr. Golyadkin, and at that moment he felt some one
lay a very friendly hand on his back, then a second hand was
laid on his back.  Mr. Golyadkin's infamous twin was
tripping about in front leading the way; and our hero saw
clearly that he was being led to the big doors of the room.
    "Just as it was at Olsufy Ivanovitch's," he thought, and he
found himself in the hall.  Looking round, he saw beside him
two of the Excellency's lackeys and his twin.
    "The greatcoat, the greatcoat, the greatcoat, the greatcoat,
my friend!  The greatcoat of my best friend!" whispered the
depraved man, snatching the coat from one of the servants,
and by way of a nasty and ungentlemanly joke flinging it
straight at Mr. Golyadkin's head.  Extricating himself from
under his coat, Mr. Golyadkin distinctly heard the two
lackeys snigger.  But without listening to anything, or paying
attention to it, he went out of the hall and found himself on
the lighted stairs.  Mr. Golyadkin junior following him.
    "Goodbye, your Excellency!" he shouted after Mr.
Golyadkin senior.
    "Scoundrel!" our hero exclaimed, beside himself.
    "Well, scoundrel, then . . ."
    "Depraved man! . . ."
    "Well, depraved man, then . . ." answered Mr. Golyadkin's
unworthy enemy, and with his characteristic baseness he
looked down from the top of the stairs straight into Mr.
Golyadkin's face as though begging him to go on.  Our hero
spat with indignation and ran out of the front door; he was so
shattered, so crushed, that he had no recollection of how he
got into the cab or who helped him in.  Coming to himself, he
found that he was being driven to Fontanka.  "To
Ismailovsky Bridge, then," thought Mr. Golyadkin.  At this
point Mr. Golyadkin tried to think of something else, but
could not; there was something so terrible that he could not
explain it . . . "Well, never mind," our hero concluded, and he
drove to Ismailovsky Bridge.

Chapter XIII

. . . It seemed as though the weather meant to change for the
better.  The snow, which had till then been coming down in
regular clouds, began growing visible and here and there tiny
stars sparkled in it.  It was only wet, muddy, damp and
stifling, especially for Mr. Golyadkin, who could hardly
breathe as it was.  His greatcoat, soaked and heavy with wet,
sent a sort of unpleasant warm dampness all through him and
weighed down his exhausted legs.  A feverish shiver sent
sharp, shooting pains all over him; he was in a painful cold
sweat of exhaustion, so much so that Mr. Golyadkin even
forgot to repeat at every suitable occasion with his
characteristic firmness and resolution his favourite phrase
that "it all, maybe, most likely, indeed, might turn out for the
best."  "But all this does not matter for the time," our hero
repeated, still staunch and not downhearted, wiping from his
face the cold drops that streamed in all directions from the
brim of his round hat, which was so soaked that it could hold
no more water.  Adding that all this was nothing so far, our
hero tried to sit on a rather thick clump of wood, which was
lying near a heap of logs in Olsufy Ivanovitch's yard.  Of
course, it was no good thinking of Spanish serenades or
silken ladders, but it was quite necessary to think of a modest
corner, snug and private, if not altogether warm.  He felt
greatly tempted, we may mention in passing, by that corner
in the back entry of Olsufy Ivanovitch's flat in which he had
once, almost at the beginning of this true story, stood for two
hours between a cupboard and an old screen among all sorts
of domestic odds and ends and useless litter.  The fact is that
Mr. Golyadkin had been standing waiting for two whole
hours on this occasion in Olsufy Ivanovitch's yard.  But in
regard to that modest and snug little corner there were certain
drawbacks which had not existed before.  The first drawback
was the fact that it was probably now a marked place and that
certain precautionary measures had been taken in regard to
it since the scandal at Olsufy Ivanovitch's last ball. 
Secondly, he had to wait for a signal from Klara Olsufyevna,
for there was bound to be some such signal, it was always a
feature in such cases and, "it didn't begin with us and it won't
end with us."
    At this point Mr. Golyadkin very appropriately
remembered a novel he had read long ago in which the
heroine, in precisely similar circumstances, signalled to
Alfred by tying a pink ribbon to her window.  But now, at
night, in the climate of Petersburg, famous for its dampness
and unreliability, a pink ribbon was hardly appropriate and,
in fact, was utterly out of the question.
    "No, it's not a matter of silk ladders," thought our hero,
"and I had better stay here quietly and comfortably . . . I had
better stand here."
    And he selected a place in the yard exactly opposite the
window, near a stack of firewood.  Of course, many persons,
grooms and coachmen, were continually crossing the yard,
and there was, besides, the rumbling of wheels and the
snorting of horses and so on; yet it was a convenient place,
whether he was observed or not; but now, anyway, there was
the advantage of being to some extent in the shadow, and no
one could see Mr. Golyadkin while he himself could see
    The windows were brightly lit up, there was some sort of
ceremonious party at Olsufy Ivanovitch's.  But he could hear
no music as yet.
    "So it's not a ball, but a party of some other sort," thought
our hero, somewhat aghast.  "Is it today?" floated the doubt
through him.  "Have I made a mistake in the date?  Perhaps;
anything is possible. . . . Yes, to be sure, anything is possible
. . . Perhaps she wrote a letter to me yesterday, and it didn't
reach me, and perhaps it did not reach me because Petrushka
put his spoke in, the rascal!  Or it was tomorrow, that is -
wait with a carriage. . . ."
    At this point our hero turned cold all over and felt in his
pocket for the letter, to make sure.  But to his surprise the
letter was not in his pocket.
    "How's this?" muttered Mr. Golyadkin, more dead than
alive.  "Where did I leave it?  Then I must have lost it.  That
is the last straw!" he moaned at last.  "Oh, if it falls into evil
hands!  Perhaps in has already.  Good Lord!  What may it not
lead to!  It may lead to something such that . . . Ach, my
miserable fate!"  At this point Mr. Golyadkin began
trembling like a leaf at the thought that perhaps his vicious
twin had thrown the greatcoat at him with the object of
stealing the letter of which he had somehow got an inkling
from Mr. Golyadkin's enemies.
    "What's more, he's stealing it," thought our hero, "as
evidence . . . but why evidence! . . ."
    After the first shock of horror, the blood rushed to Mr.
Golyadkin's head.  Moaning and gnashing his teeth, he
clutched his burning head, sank back on his block of wood
and relapsed into brooding. . . . But he could form no
coherent thought.  Figures kept flitting through his brain,
incidents came back to his memory, now vaguely, now very
distinctly, the tunes of some foolish songs kept ringing in his
ears. . . . He was in great distress, unnatural distress!
    "My God, my God!" our hero thought, recovering himself
a little, and suppressing a muffled sob, "give me fortitude in
the immensity of my afflictions!  That I am done for, utterly
destroyed - of that there can be no doubt, and that's all in the
natural order of things, since it cannot be otherwise.  To
begin with, I've lost my berth, I've certainly lost it, I must
have lost it . . . Well, supposing things are set right somehow. 
Supposing I have money enough to begin with: I must have
another lodging, furniture of some sort. . . . In the first place,
I shan't have Petrushka.  I can get on without the rascal . . .
somehow, with help from the people of the house; well, that
will be all right!  I can go in and out when I like, and
Petrushka won't grumble at my coming in late - yes, that is
so; that's why it's a good thing to have the people in the
house. . . . Well, supposing that's all right; but all that's
nothing to do with it."
    At this point the thought of the real position again dawned
upon Mr. Golyadkin's memory.  He looked round.
    "Oh, Lord, have mercy on me, have mercy on me!  What
am I talking about?" he thought, growing utterly desperate
and clutching his burning head in his hands. . . .
    "Won't you soon be going, sir?" a voice pronounced above
Mr. Golyadkin.  Our hero started; before him stood his
cabman, who was also drenched through and shivering;
growing impatient, and having nothing to do, he had thought
fit to take a look at Mr. Golyadkin behind the woodstack.
    "I am all right, my friend . . . I am coming soon, soon, very
soon; you wait . . ."
    The cabman walked away, grumbling to himself.  "What
is he grumbling about?"  Mr. Golyadkin wondered through
his tears.  "Why, I have hired him for the evening, why, I'm
. . . within my rights now . . . that's so!  I've hired him for the
evening and that's the end of it.  If one stands still, it's just the
same.  That's for me to decide.  I am free to drive on or not
to drive on.  And my staying here by the woodstack has
nothing to do with the case. . . and don't dare to say anything;
think, the gentleman wants to stand behind the woodstack,
and so he's standing behind it . . . and he is not disgracing
any one's honour!  That's the fact of the matter.
    "I tell you what is it is, madam, if you care to know. 
Nowadays, madam, nobody lives in a hut, or anything of that
sort.  No, indeed.  And in our industrial age there's no getting
on without morality, a fact of which you are a fatal example,
madam . . . You say we must get a job as a register clerk and
live in a hut on the sea-shore.  In the first place, madam,
there are no register clerks on the sea-shore, and in the
second place we can't get a job as a register clerk.  For
supposing, for example, I send in a petition, present myself
- saying a register clerk's place or something of the sort . . .
and defend me from my enemy . . . they'll tell you, madam,
they'll say, to be sure . . . we've lots of register clerks, and
here you are not at Madame Falbalas', where you learnt the
rules of good behaviour of which you are a fatal example. 
Good behaviour, madam, means staying at home, honouring
your father and not thinking about suitors prematurely. 
Suitors will come in good time, madam, that's so!  Of course,
you are bound to have some accomplishments, such as
playing the piano sometimes, speaking French, history,
geography, scripture and arithmetic, that's the truth of it! 
And that's all you need.  Cooking, too, cooking certainly
forms part of the education of a well-behaved girl!  But as it
is, in the first place, my fine lady, they won't let you go,
they'll raise a hue and cry after you, and then they'll lock you
up in a nunnery.  How will it be then, madam?  What will
you have me do then?  Would you have me, madam, follow
the example of some stupid novels, and melt into tears on a
neighbouring hillock, gazing at the cold walls of your prison
house, and finally die, following the example of some
wretched German poets and novelists.  Is that it, madam? 
But, to begin with, allow me to tell you, as a friend, that
things are not done like that, and in the second place I would
have given you and your parents, too, a good thrashing for
letting you read French books; for French books teach you no
good.  There's a poison in them . . . a pernicious poison,
madam!  Or do you imagine, allow me to ask you, or do you
imagine that we shall elope with impunity, or something of
that sort . . . that was shall have a hut on the shore of the sea
and so on; and that we shall begin billing and cooing and
talking about our feelings, and that so we shall spend our
lives in happiness and content; and then there would be little
ones - so then we shall . . . shall go to our father, the civil
councillor, Olsufy Ivanovitch, and say, 'we've got a little one,
and so, on this propitious occasion remove your curse, and
bless the couple.'  No, madam, I tell you again, that's not the
way to do things, and for the first thing there'll be no billing
and cooing and please don't reckon on it.  Nowadays,
madam, the husband is the master and a good,
well-brought-up wife should try and please him in every
way.  And endearments, madam, are not in favour,
nowadays, in our industrial age; the day of Jean Jacques
Rousseau is over.  The husband comes home, for instance,
hungry from the office, and asks, 'Isn't there something to
eat, my love, a drop of vodka to drink, a bit of salt fish to
eat?'  So then, madam, you must have the vodka and the
herring ready.  Your husband will eat it with relish, and he
won't so much as look at you, he'll only say 'Run into the
kitchen, kitten,' he'll say, 'and look after the dinner, and at
most, once a week, he'll kiss you, even then rather
indifferently . . . That's how it will be with us, my young
lady!  Yes, even then indifferently. . . . That's how it will be,
if one considers it, if it has come to one's looking at the thing
in that way. . . . And how do I come in?  Why have you
mixed me up in your caprices?  'The noble man who is
suffering for your sake and will be dear to your heart for
ever,' and so on.  but in the first place, madam, I am not
suited to you, you know yourself, I'm not a great hand at
compliments, I'm not fond of uttering perfumed trifles for the
ladies.  I'm not fond of lady-killers, and I must own I've
never been a beauty to look at.  You won't find any swagger
or false shame in me, and I tell you so now in all sincerity. 
This is the fact of the matter: we can boast of nothing but a
straightforward, open character and common sense; we have
nothing to do with intrigues.  I am not one to intrigue, I say
so and I'm proud of it - that's the fact of the matter! . . . I
wear no mask among straightforward people, and to tell you
the whole truth. . . ."
    Suddenly Mr. Golyadkin started.  The red and perfectly
sopping beard of the cabman appeared round the woodstack
again. . . .
    "I am coming directly, my friend.  I'm coming at once, you
know," Mr. Golyadkin responded in a trembling and failing
    The cabman scratched his head, then stroked his beard,
and moved a step forward. . . stood still and looked
suspiciously at Mr. Golyadkin.
    "I am coming directly, my friend; you see, my friend . . .
I . . . just a little, you see, only a second! . . . more . . . here,
you see, my friend. . . ."
    "Aren't you coming at all?" the cabman asked at last,
definitely coming up to Mr. Golyadkin.
    "No, my friend, I'm coming directly.  I am waiting, you
see, my friend. . . ."
    "So I see . . ."
    "You see, my friend, I . . . What part of the country do you
come from, my friend?"
    "We are under a master . . ."
    "And have you a good master? . . ."
    "All right . . ."
    "Yes, my friend; you stay here, my friend, you see . . .
Have you been in Petersburg long, my friend?"
    "It's a year since I came . . ."
    "And are you getting on all right, my friend?"
    "To be sure, my friend, to be sure.  You must thank
Providence, my friend.  You must look out for
straightforward people.  Straightforward people are non too
common nowadays, my friend; he would give you washing,
food, and drink, my good fellow, a good man would.  But
sometimes you see tears shed for the sake of gold, my friend
. . . you see a lamentable example; that's the fact of the
matter, my friend. . . ."
    The cabman seemed to feel sorry for Mr. Golyadkin. 
"Well, your honour, I'll wait.  Will your honour be waiting
    "No, my friend, no; I . . . you know . . . I won't wait any
longer, my good man . . . What do you think, my friend?  I
rely upon you.  I won't stay any longer."
    "Aren't you going at all?"
    "No, my friend, no; I'll reward you, my friend . . . that's the
fact of the matter.  How much ought I to give you, my dear
    "What you hired me for, please, sir.  I've been waiting here
a long time; don't be hard on a man, sir."
    "Well, here, my good man, here."
    At this point Mr. Golyadkin gave six roubles to the
cabman, and made up his mind in earnest to waste no more
time, that is, to clear off straight away, especially as the
cabman was dismissed and everything was over, and so it
was useless to wait longer.  He rushed out of the yard, went
out of the gate, turned to the left and without looking round
took to his heels, breathless and rejoicing.  "Perhaps it will
all be for the best," he thought, "and perhaps in this way I've
run away from trouble."  Mr. Golyadkin suddenly became all
at once light-hearted.  "Oh, if only it could turn out for the
best!" thought our hero, though he put little faith in his own
words.  "I know what I'll do . . ." he thought.  "No, I know,
I'd better try the other tack . . . Or wouldn't it be better to do
this? . . ."  In this way, hesitating and seeking for the solution
of his doubts, our hero ran to Semyonovsky Bridge; but
while running to Semyonovsky Bridge he very rationally and
conclusively decided to return.
    "It will be better so," he thought.  "I had better try the
other tack, that is . . . I will just go - I'll look on simply as an
outsider, an outsider - and nothing more, whatever happens
- it's not my fault, that's the fact of the matter!  That's how it
shall be now."
    Deciding to return, our hero actually did return, the more
readily because with this happy thought he conceived of
himself now as quite an outsider.
    "It's the best thing; one's not responsible for anything, and
one will see all that's necessary . . . that's the fact of the
    It was a safe plan and that settled it.  Reassured, he crept
back under the peaceful shelter of his soothing and protecting
woodstack, and began gazing intently at the window.  This
time he was not destined to gaze and wait long.  Suddenly a
strange commotion became apparent at all the windows. 
Figures appeared, curtains were drawn back, whole groups of
people were crowding to the windows at Olsufy Ivanovitch's
flat.  All were peeping out looking for something in the yard. 
From the security of his woodstack, our hero, too, began with
curiosity watching the general commotion, and with interest
craned forward to right and to left so far as he could within
the shadow of the woodstack.  Suddenly he started, held his
breath and almost sat down with horror.  It seemed to him -
in short, he realized, that they were looking for nothing and
for nobody but him, Mr. Golyadkin!  Every one was looking
in his direction.  It was impossible to escape; they saw him
. . . In a flutter, Mr. Golyadkin huddled as closely as he could
to the woodstack, and only then noticed that the treacherous
shadow had betrayed him, that it did not cover him
completely.  Our hero would have been delighted at that
moment to creep into a mouse-hole in the woodstack, and
there meekly to remain, if only it had been possible.  But it
was absolutely impossible.  In his agony he began at last
staring openly and boldly at the windows, it was the best
thing to do. . . . And suddenly he glowed with shame.  He
had been fully discovered, every one was staring at him at
once, they were all waving their hands, all were nodding
their heads at him, all were calling to him; then several
windows creaked as they opened, several voices shouted
something to him at once. . . .
    "I wonder why they don't whip these naughty girls as
children," our hero muttered to himself, losing his head
completely.  Suddenly there an down the steps he (we know
who), without his hat or greatcoat, breathless, rubbing his
hands, wriggling, capering, perfidiously displaying intense
joy at seeing Mr. Golyadkin.
    "Yakov Petrovitch," whispered this individual, so
notorious for his worthlessness, "Yakov Petrovitch, are you
here?  You'll catch cold.  It's chilly here, Yakov Petrovitch. 
Come indoors."
    "Yakov Petrovitch!  No, I'm all right, Yakov Petrovitch,"
our hero muttered in a submissive voice.
    "No, this won't do, Yakov Petrovitch, I beg you, I humbly
beg you to wait with us.  'Make him welcome and bring him
in,' they say, 'Yakov Petrovitch.'"
    "No, Yakov Petrovitch, you see, I'd better . . . I had better
go home, Yakov Petrovitch . . ." said our hero, burning at a
slow fire and freezing at the same time with shame and
    "No - no - no - no!" whispered the loathsome person.  "No
- no - no, on no account!  Come along," he said resolutely,
and he dragged Mr. Golyadkin senior to the steps.  Mr.
Golyadkin senior did not at all want to go, but as every one
was looking at them, it would have been stupid to struggle
and resist; so our hero went - though, indeed, one cannot say
that he went, because he did not know in the least what was
being done with him.  Though, after all, it made no
    Before our hero had time to recover himself and come to
his senses, he found himself in the drawing-room.  He was
pale, dishevelled, harassed; with lustreless eyes he scanned
the crowd - horror!  The drawing-room, all the rooms - were
full to overflowing.  There were masses of people, a whole
galaxy of ladies; and all were crowding round Mr. Golyadkin
and he perceived clearly that they were all forcing him in one
    "Not towards the door," was the thought that floated
through Mr. Golyadkin's mind.
    They were, in fact, forcing him not towards the door but
Olsufy Ivanovitch's easy chair.  On one side of the armchair
stood Klara Olsufyevna, pale, languid, melancholy, but
gorgeously dressed.  Mr. Golyadkin was particularly struck
by a little white flower which rested on her superb hair.  On
the other side of the armchair stood Vladimir Semyonovitch,
clad in black, with his new order in his buttonhole.  Mr.
Golyadkin was led in, as we have described above, straight
up to Olsufy Ivanovitch - on one side of him Mr. Golyadkin
junior, who had assumed an air of great decorum and
propriety, to the immense relief of our hero, while on the
other side was Andrey Filippovitch, with a very solemn
expression on his face.
    "What can it mean?" Mr. Golyadkin wondered.
    When he saw that he was being led to Olsufy Ivanovitch,
an idea struck him like a flash of lightning.  The thought of
the intercepted letter darted through his brain.  In great agony
our hero stood before Olsufy Ivanovitch's chair.
    "What will he say now?" he wondered to himself.  "Of
course, it will be all aboveboard now, that is, straightforward
and, one may say, honourable; I shall say this is how it is,
and so on."
    But what our hero apparently feared did not happen. 
Olsufy Ivanovitch received Mr. Golyadkin very warmly, and
though he did not hold out his hand to him, yet as he gazed
at out hero, he shook his grey and venerable head - shook it
with an air of solemn melancholy and yet of goodwill.  So,
at least, it seemed to Mr. Golyadkin.  He even fancied that a
tear glittered in Olsufy Ivanovitch's lustreless eyes; he raised
his eyes and saw that there seemed to be tears, too, on the
eyelashes of Klara Olsufyevna, who was standing by - that
there seemed to be something of the same sort even in the
eyes of Vladimir Semyonovitch - that the unruffled and
composed dignity of Andrey Filippovitch has the same
significance as the general tearful sympathy - that even the
young man who was so much like a civil councillor, seizing
the opportunity, was sobbing bitterly. . . . Though perhaps
this was only all Mr. Golyadkin's fancy, because he was so
much moved himself, and distinctly felt the hot tears running
down his cheeks. . . .
    Feeling reconciled with mankind and his destiny, and
filled with love at the moment, not only for Olsufy
Ivanovitch, not only for the whole part collected there, but
even for his noxious twin (who seemed now to be by no
means noxious, and not even to be his twin at all, but a
person very agreeable in himself and in no way connected
with him), our hero, in a voice broken with sobs, tried to
express his feelings to Olsufy Ivanovitch, but was too much
overcome by all that he had gone through, and could not utter
a word; he could only, with an expressive gesture, point
meekly to his heart. . .
    At last, probably to spare the feelings of the old man,
Andrey Filippovitch led Mr. Golyadkin a little away, though
he seemed to leave him free to do as he liked.  Smiling,
muttering something to himself, somewhat bewildered, yet
almost completely reconciled with fate and his fellow
creatures, our hero began to make his way through the crowd
of guests.  Every one made way for him, every one looked at
him with strange curiosity and with mysterious,
unaccountable sympathy.  Our hero went into another room;
he met with the same attention everywhere; he was vaguely
conscious of the whole crowd closely following him, noting
every step he took, talking in undertones among themselves
of something very interesting, shaking their heads, arguing
and discussing in whispers.  Mr. Golyadkin wanted very
much to know what they were discussing in whispers. 
Looking round, he saw near him Mr. Golyadkin junior. 
Feeling an overwhelming impulse to seize his hand and draw
him aside, Mr. Golyadkin begged the other Yakov Petrovitch
most particularly to co-operate with him in all his future
undertakings, and not to abandon him at a critical moment. 
Mr. Golyadkin junior nodded his head gravely and warmly
pressed the hand of Mr. Golyadkin senior.  Our hero's heart
was quivering with hte intensity of his emotion.  He was
gasping for breath, however; he felt so oppressed - so
oppressed; he felt that all those eyes fastened upon him were
oppressing and dominating him . . . . Mr. Golyadkin caught
a glimpse of the councillor who wore a wig.  The latter was
looking at him with a stern, searching eye, not in the least
softened by the general sympathy. . . .
    Our hero made up his mind to go straight up to him in
order to smile at him and have an immediate explanation, but
this somehow did not come off.  For one instant Mr.
Golyadkin became almost unconscious, almost lost all
memory, all feeling.
    When he came to himself again he noticed that he was the
centre of a large ring formed by the rest of the party round
him.  Suddenly Mr. Golyadkin's name was called from the
other room; noise and excitement, all rushed to the door of
the first room, almost carrying our hero along with them.  In
the crush the hard-hearted councillor in the wig was side by
side with Mr. Golyadkin, and, taking our hero by the hand,
he made him sit down opposite Olsufy Ivanovitch, at some
distance from the latter, however.  Every one in the room sat
down; the guests were arranged in rows round Mr. Golyadkin
and Olsufy Ivanovitch.  Everything was hushed; every one
preserved a solemn silence; every one was watching Olsufy
Ivanovitch, evidently expecting something out of the
ordinary.  Mr. Golyadkin noticed that beside Olsufy
Ivanovitch's chair and directly facing the councillor sat Mr.
Golyadkin junior, with Andrey Filippovitch.  The silence was
prolonged; they were evidently expecting something.
    "Just as it is in a family when some one is setting off on a
far journey.  We've only to stand up and pray now," thought
our hero.
    Suddenly there was a general stir which interrupted Mr.
Golyadkin's reflections.  Something they had been waiting
for happened.
    "He is coming, he is coming!" passed from one to another
in the crowd.
    "Who is it that is coming?" floated through Mr.
Golyadkin's mind, and he shuddered at a strange sensation. 
"High time too!" said the councillor, looking intently at
Andrey Ivanovitch.  Andrey Filippovitch, for his part,
glanced at Olsufy Ivanovitch.  Olsufy Ivanovitch gravely and
solemnly nodded his head.
    "Let us stand up," said the councillor, and he made Mr.
Golyadkin get up.  All rose to their feet.  Then the councillor
took Mr. Golyadkin senior by the hand, and Andrey
Filippovitch took Mr. Golyadkin junior, and in this way these
two precisely similar persons were conducted through the
expectant crowd surrounding them.  Our hero looked about
him in perplexity; but he was at once checked and his
attention was called to Mr. Golyadkin junior, who was
holding out his hand to him.
    "They want to reconcile us," thought our hero, and with
emotion he held out his hand to Mr. Golyadkin junior; and
then - then bent his head forward towards him.  The other
Mr. Golyadkin did the same. . . .
    At this point it seemed to Mr. Golyadkin senior that his
perfidious friend was smiling, that he gave a sly, hurried
wink to the crowd of onlookers, and that there was something
sinister in the face of the worthless Mr. Golyadkin junior,
that he even made a grimace at the moment of his Judas kiss.
. . .
    There was a ringing in Mr. Golyadkin's ears, and a
darkness before his eyes;  it seemed to him that an infinite
multitude, an unending series of precisely similar Golyadkins
were noisily bursting in at every door of the room; but it was
too late. . . . the resounding, treacherous kiss was over, and
. . .
    Then quite an unexpected event occurred. . . . The door
opened noisily, and in the doorway stood a man, the very
sight of whom sent a chill to Mr. Golyadkin's heart.  He
stood rooted to the spot.  A cry of horror died away in his
choking throat.  Yet Mr. Golyadkin knew it all beforehand,
and had had a presentiment of something of the sort for a
long time.  The new arrival went up to Mr. Golyadkin
gravely and solemnly.  Mr. Golyadkin knew this personage
very well.  He had seen him before, had seen him very often,
had seen him that day . . . This personage was a tall, thick-set
man in a black dress-coat with a good-sized cross on his
breast, and was possessed of thick, very black whiskers;
nothing was lacking but the cigar in the mouth to complete
the picture.  Yet this person's eyes, as we have mentioned
already, sent a chill to the heart of Mr. Golyadkin.  With a
grave and solemn air this terrible man approached the
pitiable hero of our story. . . . Our hero held out his hand to
him; the stranger took his hand and drew him along with him
. . . With a crushed and desperate air our hero looked about
    "It's . . . it's Krestyan Ivanovitch Rutenspitz, doctor of
medicine and surgery; your old acquaintance, Yakov
Petrovitch!" a detestable voice whispered in Mr. Golyadkin's
ear.  He looked around: it was Mr. Golyadkin's twin, so
revolting in the despicable meanness of his soul.  A
malicious, indecent joy shone in his countenance; he was
rubbing his hands with rapture, he was turning his head from
side to side in ecstasy, he was fawning round every one in
delight and seemed ready to dance with glee.  At last he
pranced forward, took a candle from one of the servants and
walked in front, showing the way to Mr. Golyadkin and
Krestyan Ivanovitch.  Mr. Golyadkin heard the whole party
in the drawing-room rush after him, crowding and squeezing
one another, and all beginning to repeat after Mr. Golyadkin
himself, "It is all right, don't be afraid, Yakov Petrovitch; this
is you old friend and acquaintance, you know, Krestyan
Ivanovitch Rutenspitz. . ."
    At last they came out on the brightly lighted stairs; there
was a crowd of people on the stairs too.  The front door was
thrown open noisily, and Mr. Golyadkin found himself on the
steps, together with Krestyan Ivanovitch.  At the entrance
stood a carriage with four horses that were snorting with
impatience.  The malignant Mr. Golyadkin junior in three
bounds flew down the stair and opened the carriage door
himself.  Krestyan Ivanovitch, with an impressive gesture,
asked Mr. Golyadkin to get in.  There was no need of the
impressive gesture, however; there were plenty of people to
help him in. . . . Faint with horror, Mr. Golyadkin looked
back.  The whole of the brightly lighted staircase was
crowded with people; inquisitive eyes were looking at him
from all sides; Olsufy Ivanovitch himself was sitting in his
easy chair on the top landing, and watching all that took
place with deep interest.  Every one was waiting.  A murmur
of impatience passed through the crowd when Mr. Golyadkin
looked back.
    "I hope I have done nothing . . . nothing reprehensible . .
. or that can call for severity . . . and general attention in
regard to my official relations," our hero brought out in
desperation.  A clamour of talk rose all round him, all were
shaking their head, tears started from Mr. Golyadkin's eyes.
    "In that case I'm ready . . . I have full confidence . . . and
I entrust my fate to Krestyan Ivanovitch. . . ."
    No sooner had Mr. Golyadkin declared that he entrusted
his fate to Krestyan Ivanovitch than a dreadful, deafening
shout of joy came from all surrounding him and was repeated
in a sinister echo through the whole of the waiting crowd. 
Then Krestyan Ivanovitch on one side and Andrey
Filippovitch on the other helped Mr. Golyadkin into the
carriage; his double, in his usual nasty way, was helping to
get him in from behind.  The unhappy Mr. Golyadkin senior
took his last look on all and everything, and, shivering like a
kitten that has been drenched with cold water - if the
comparison may be permitted - got into the carriage. 
Krestyan Ivanovitch followed him immediately.  The
carriage door slammed.  There was a swish of the whip on
the horses' backs. . . the horses started off. . . . The crowd
dashed after Mr. Golyadkin.  The shrill, furious shouts of his
enemies pursued him by way of good wishes for his journey. 
For some time several persons were still running by the
carriage that bore away Mr. Golyadkin; but by degrees they
were left behind, till at last they all disappeared.  Mr.
Golyadkin's unworthy twin kept up longer than any one. 
With his hands in the trouser pockets of his green uniform he
ran on with a satisfied air, skipping first to one and then to
the other side of the carriage, sometimes catching hold of the
window-frame and hanging on by it, poking his head in at the
window, and throwing farewell kisses to Mr. Golyadkin.  But
he began to get tired, he was less and less often to be seen,
and at last vanished altogether.  There was a dull ache in Mr.
Golyadkin's heart; a hot rush of blood set Mr. Golyadkin's
head throbbing; he felt stifled, he longed to unbutton himself
- to bare his breast, to cover it with snow and pour cold water
on it.  He sank at last into forgetfulness. . . .
    When he came to himself, he saw that the horses were
taking him along an unfamiliar road.  There were dark
patches of copse on each side of it; it was desolate and
deserted.  Suddenly he almost swooned; two fiery eyes were
staring at him in the darkness, and those two eyes were
glittering with malignant, hellish glee.  "That's not Krestyan
Ivanovitch!  Who is it?  Or is it he?  It is.  It is Krestyan
Ivanovitch, but not the old Krestyan Ivanovitch, it's another
Krestyan Ivanovitch!  It's a terrible Krestyan Ivanovitch!" .
. .
    "Krestyan Ivanovitch, I . . . I believe . . . I'm all right,
Krestyan Ivanovitch," our hero was beginning timidly in a
trembling voice, hoping by his meekness and submission to
soften the terrible Krestyan Ivanovitch a little.
    "You get free quarters, wood, with light, and service, the
which you deserve not," Krestyan Ivanovitch's answer rang
out, stern and terrible as a judge's sentence.
    Our hero shrieked and clutched his head in his hands. 
Alas!  For a long while he had been haunted by a
presentiment of this.